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170 terms

Medical Terminology - Chapter 6

Stanberry's chapter 5 communication book
STUDY
PLAY
arthr/o
joint
brachi/o
arm
carp/o
wrist
chondr/o
cartilage
cost/o
rib
crani/o
cranium
dactyl/o
finger, toe
oste/o
bone
orth/o
correct
spondyl/o
vertebrae
vertebr/o
vertebrae
C
cervical
CT
computed tomography
Fx
fracture
L
lumbar
MSS
musculoskeletal system
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
ROM
range of motion
S
sacral
T
thoracic
Arthralgia
pain in a joint
Arthrectomy
excision of a joint
Arthritis
inflammation of a joint
Arthrocele
swelling of a joint
Arthrocentesis
removal of fluid from a joint
Arthrochondritis
inflammation of cartilage in a joint
Arthrodynia
pain in a joint
Arthrogram
radiograph of a joint
Arthrometry
measurement of the amount of movement in a joint
Arthropathy
any disorder of a joint
Arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
Arthroscopy
examination of the interior of a joint
Arthroscope
device used in arthroscopy
Arthrosis
disintegration of a joint
Arthrotomy
surgical incision into a joint
Brachialgia
pain in the arm
carpal tunnel syndrome
condition characterized by wrist pain, often occurring during sleep
Carpectomy
excision of part of the wrist
Chondrodynia
pain originating in cartilage
Chondrogenesis
formation of cartilage
Chondroid
resembling cartilage
Chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
Chondropathy
disease of cartilage
Chondroplasty
surgical repair of cartilage
Costalgia
pain in a rib(s)
Costectomy
excision of a rib
Costochondritis
inflammation of rib cartilage
Dactylalgia
pain in a finger (or toe)
Dactylodynia
pain in a finger (or toe)
Dactylomegaly/megadactyly
enlargement of one or more fingers or toes
Ostealgia
pain in a bone
Ostectomy
surgical removal of bone
Osteitis
inflammation of bone
Osteochondritis
inflammation of bone and associated cartilage
Osteodynia
pain in a bone
Osteogenesis
formation of bone
Osteology
study of bone(s)
Osteomalacia
softening of bone
Osteopenia
abnormally low bone density
Osteoplasty
surgical repair of bone
Osteoporosis
atrophy of bone tissue
Osteorrhaphy
suturing together the parts of a broken bone
Osteotomy
surgical cutting of bone
appendicular
having to do with something attached
axial
straight line through a physical body
brachial
having to do with an arm
calcaneus
the heel bone
capitate bone
one of the eight carpals
carpal
a wrist bone
cervical
adjective describing the vertebrae (C1-C7) in the neck region; also used in connection with the uterus, which is part of the female reproductive system
Cervix
neck (also the neck of the uterus)
Chondrogenesis
formation of cartilage
chondroid
resembling cartilage
clavicle
the collarbone
coccygeal
the tailbone, made up of the four fused vertebrae at the base of the spinal column
costae fluctuantes
rib pairs 11 and 12
costae spuriae
rib pairs 8 through 12
costae verae
rib pairs 1 through 7
cranial bones
collectively, and along with other minor bones, the frontal bone, two parietal bones, two temporal bones, and the occipital bone
cuboid
a bone of the ankle
cuneiform bone
three ankle bones, respectively preceded by the adjectives lateral, intermediate, and medial
diarthrosis
synonym for synovial joint
femur
thighbone
fibula
the lateral leg bone
frontal bone
one of the six main cranial bones
hamate bone
one of the eight carpals
humerus
the long bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
ilium
one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone
ischium
one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone
lumbar
adjective describing the vertebrae (L1-L5) in the lower spinal column
lunate bone
one of the eight carpals
Mandible/mandibular
the jawbone
Maxilla/maxillary
the bone above the upper teeth
metacarpal
one of the five bones extending from the wrist to the first knuckle in each hand
metatarsals
the bones between the tarsals and the phalanges (toes) of the foot
nasal bone
a facial bone (nose)
navicular
the central ankle bone
occipital bone
one of the six main cranial bones
os coxae
hip bone
osteogenesis
formation of bone
parietal bones
two of the six main cranial bones
patella
kneecap
pectoral girdle
the shoulder girdle
phalanges
fingers
pisiform bone
one of the eight carpals
pubis
one of the three bones fused together to form the hip bone
Radius/radial
one of the two bones (the other is the ulna) extending from the elbow to the wrist
Sacrum/sacral
bone formed from five vertebrae fused together near the base of the spinal column
scaphoid bone
one of the eight carpals
scapula/scapulae/scapular
the shoulder blade
sternum
the breastbone
suture
in the skeletal system, a fibrous membrane joining bones, especially the cranial bones
Synovial
adjective form of synovia, a synonym for synovial fluid
talus
the bone in the ankle that articulates with the tibia and fibula
tarsals
the bones of the sole of the foot
tarsus
instep or sole of the foot; collectively, the seven bones making up the bottom of the foot
temporal bones
two of the six main cranial bones
thoracic
adjective form of thorax
thorax
chest
tibia
shin bone
trapezium
one of the eight carpals
trapezoid bone
one of the eight carpals
triquetrum
one of the eight carpals
Ulna/ulnar
one of the two bones (the other is the radius) extending from the elbow to the wrist
Vertebra/vertebrae
one of the 33 segments making up the spinal column
zygomatic bones
a facial bone (cheek, one of two)
arthralgia
pain in a joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
arthrocele
swelling of a joint
arthrochondritis
inflammation of cartilage in a joint
arthrodynia
pain in a joint
arthropathy
any disorder of a joint
arthrosis
disintegration of a joint
brachialgia
pain in the arm
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
carpal tunnel syndrome
condition characterized by wrist pain, often occurring during sleep
chondrodynia
pain originating in cartilage
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
chondropathy
disease of cartilage
costalgia
pain in a rib
costochondritis
inflammation of rib cartilage
dactylalgia
pain in a finger
dactylodynia
pain in a finger
dactylomegaly /megadactyly
enlargement of one or more fingers or toes
ostealgia
pain in a bone
osteitis
inflammation of bone
osteochondritis
inflammation of bone and associated cartilage
osteodynia
pain in a bone
osteomalacia
softening of bone
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone marrow
osteopenia
abnormally low bone density
osteoporosis
atrophy of bone tissue
syndrome
collection of signs and symptoms occurring together and characterizing a medical condition
osteology
study, diagnosis, and treatment of skeletal disorders
osteologist
specialist in osteology
arthrocentesis
removing fluid from a joint
arthrogram
radiograph of a joint
arthrectomy
excision of a joint
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
arthrotomy
surgical incision into a joint
carpectomy
excision of part of the wrist
chondroplasty
surgical repair of cartilage
costectomy
excision of a rib
ostectomy
surgical removal of bone
osteoplasty
surgical repair of bone
osteorrhaphy
suturing together the parts of a broken bone
osteotomy
surgical cutting of bone
vertebrectomy
excision of a vertebra
arthrocentesis
removing fluid from a joint
arthrogram
radiograph of a joint