CI-4401 Quiz 1
Terms in this set (45)
5E Lesson Plan
Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate
Get students attention, get them engaged
Inquiry based activities
Students sharing ideas about explore activity, teacher guides students to accurate and appropriate science understandings
Activity in which students apply science understandings in a new way
Teacher reviews/checks with students to see what they've learned
4 Levels of Inquiry
Confirmation, Structured, Guided, and Open
Students confirm a principle through an activity when the results are known in advance
Students investigate a teacher-presented question through a prescribed procedure
Students investigate a teacher-presented question through a student designed procedure
Students investigate questions that are student formulated through student designed procedures
A system for categorizing levels of measurable verbs: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation.
term for the super continent which contained all the plates together
undersurface plates that shift and causes earthquakes and moves in 4 directions; 2 types - oceanic and Continental
Oceanic plates consist of an oceanic crust called "sima". Sima is made up primarily of silicon and magnesium (which is where it gets its name).
Continental plates consist of a continental crust called "sial". Sial is made up primarily of silicon and aluminum.
A convergent boundary is where two tectonic plates push together. Areas of high earthquake activity EX: The Mariana Trench (the deepest part of the ocean) & The Himalayan Mountain Range
When two plates are pushed apart, causing a rift.
Two plates slide past each other EX: San Andreas Fault Line
Normal faults form when the hanging wall drops down. The forces that create normal faults are pulling the sides apart, or extensional.
Reverse faults form when the hanging wall moves up. The forces creating reverse faults are compressional, pushing the sides together.
Transform or Strike-slip faults
Transform or Strike-slip faults have walls that move sideways, not up or down.
Types of volcanoes
shield, cinder cone, composite
cinder cone volcano
Cinder cones - These are volcanoes formed from particles and blobs of lava ejected from a single vent at the top. They generally don't get taller than around 1,000 feet.
Ex. Paricutin in Mexico
Composite volcanoes (stratovolcano) - These volcanoes are also shaped like a cone, but are formed from layers of lava over many years. They can grow into huge mountains over 8,000 feet tall from their base. Ex. Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Shasta, Mt. Hood, Mt. Rainier, (These are the Cascades mtns. From N. California to Washington State) Mt. Fuji in Japan
Shield volcanoes - They form from wide thin layers of lava that eventually are shaped like a shield. Erosion resistant. Ex. Mt. Kilauea in Hawaii, erupting since 1983
Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes. An earthquake occurs when a large area of the Earth's crust suddenly moves. When this happens underwater, big gaps may appear on the ocean floor. When water moves in to fill this gap, a tsunami is born.
Wind is the movement of large amounts of air.
Trade winds occur near the equator and flow from either the north or south towards the equator. They curve towards the west due to the spin of the Earth.
In the middle latitudes of the Earth, between 35 and 65 degrees latitude, are the prevailing westerly winds. These winds blow from the west to the east and also towards the poles.
These winds blow close to the north and south poles. They blow away from the poles and curve east to west.
Earthquakes happen when two large pieces of the Earth's crust suddenly slip. This causes shock waves to shake the surface of the Earth in the form of an earthquake.
3 Types of Rock
There are three major types of rocks: Metamorphic, Igneous, and Sedimentary.
Made when heat, pressure, or fluids change one type of rock into another type of rock. EX: marble, anthracite, soapstone, and schist.
Igneous rocks are formed by volcanoes. When a volcano erupts, it spews out hot molten rock called magma or lava. Eventually the magma will cool down and harden, either when it reaches the Earth's surface or somewhere within the crust. This hardened magma or lava is called igneous rock. Examples of igneous rocks include basalt and granite.
Sedimentary rocks are formed by years and years of sediment compacting together and becoming hard. Generally, something like a stream or river will carry lots of small pieces of rocks and minerals to a larger body of water. These pieces will settle at the bottom and over a really long time (perhaps millions of years), they will form into solid rock. Some examples of sedimentary rocks are shale, limestone, and sandstone.
Heat controls climate, climate controls weather
The equator is the hottest point on earth
North Hemisphere Summer
7 rays hit the north, 4 hit the south... more sun shining on the north, which causes summer
Southern Hemisphere Summer
4 rays hit the north, 7 rays hit the south... southern hemisphere experiences summer
Radiation, Conduction, and Convection
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching.
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles.
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid