the absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues
a form of pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust in the lungs; also called black lung disease
loss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds
the absence of spontaneous respiration
a form of pneumoconiosis caused by the asbestos particles found in the lungs of workers from the ship building and construction trades
pathological changes caused by a lack of oxygen in air that is inhaled
any interruption of breathing that results in the loss of consciousness or death; also known as suffocation
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
a condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles; also known as a collapsed lung
an abnormally slow rate of respiration, usually less than 10 breaths per minute
chronic dilation of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured
medication that narrows the opening of the passages into the lungs
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by the obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.
medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs
form of pneumonia that begins in bronchioles
bleeding from the bronchi
excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
Cheyne -Stokes respiration
pattern of alternating periods of hyperpnea (rapid breathing), hypopnea (slow breathing) and apnea (absence of breathing)
a genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus and the digestive system is impaired by thick mucus and the digestive system is impaired by thick gluelike mucus that interferes with digestive juices.
an acute infectious disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the presence of diphtheria bacteria.
any voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice.
difficult or labored breathing also known as shortness of breath.
the progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease on the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.
an accumulation of pus in the pleural; also known as pyothorax.
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway.
inflammation of the epiglottis.
bleeding from the nose; also known as a nosebleed.
spitting of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs of bronchial tubes as the result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.
An abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
Abnormally rapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide at the cellular level
Shallow or slow respiration
Subnormal oxygen levels in the cells that is less severe than anoxia
An acute, highly contagious viral respiratory infection, that is spread by respiratory droplets and occurs most commonly during the colder months
The act of taking in air as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward
surgical removal of the larynx
inflammation of the larynx
surgical repair of the larynx
paralysis of the larynx
visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope
a sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
inflammation of the pharynx, also known as sore throat
surgical repair of the pharynx
bleeding from the pharynx
an abnormal discharge from the pharynx
pain in the pleura or in the side
surgical removal of part of the pleura
inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura in the thoracic cavity.
an abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact.
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
a form of pneumonia caused by an infection with the parasite P carinii.
surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
bleeding from the lungs.
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse.
an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity; also known as empyema
an excessive flow of mucus from the nose; also known as a runny nose
inflammation of the sinuses
a surgical incision into a sinus
a testing method to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time each breath takes
surgical repair of the trachea
creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions
an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs
sound or voice
Pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu
stretching, dilation, enlargement
also called interpleural space, located between the lungs this space contains the thoracic viscera.
A milder, but longer lasting form of pneumonia caused by the fungi, Mycoplasma
The common cold.
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, and throat.
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, and throat.
Also known as whooping cough, is a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a paroxysmal cough.