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79 terms

Ch 7 Respiratory

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Anoxia
the absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues
Anthracosis
a form of pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust in the lungs; also called black lung disease
Aphonia
loss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds
Apnea
the absence of spontaneous respiration
Asbestosis
a form of pneumoconiosis caused by the asbestos particles found in the lungs of workers from the ship building and construction trades
Asphyxia
pathological changes caused by a lack of oxygen in air that is inhaled
Asphyxiation
any interruption of breathing that results in the loss of consciousness or death; also known as suffocation
Asthma
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
Atelectasis
a condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles; also known as a collapsed lung
Bradypnea
an abnormally slow rate of respiration, usually less than 10 breaths per minute
Bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured
Bronchoconstrictor
medication that narrows the opening of the passages into the lungs
Croup
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by the obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.
Bronchodilator
medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs
Bronchopneumonia
form of pneumonia that begins in bronchioles
Bronchorrhagia
bleeding from the bronchi
Bronchorrhea
excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
Bronchoscopy
visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
Cheyne -Stokes respiration
pattern of alternating periods of hyperpnea (rapid breathing), hypopnea (slow breathing) and apnea (absence of breathing)
Cystic fibrosis
a genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus and the digestive system is impaired by thick mucus and the digestive system is impaired by thick gluelike mucus that interferes with digestive juices.
Diphtheria
an acute infectious disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the presence of diphtheria bacteria.
Dysphonia
any voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice.
Dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing also known as shortness of breath.
Emphysema
the progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease on the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.
Empyema
an accumulation of pus in the pleural; also known as pyothorax.
Endotracheal intubation
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway.
Epiglottis
inflammation of the epiglottis.
Epistaxis
bleeding from the nose; also known as a nosebleed.
Hemoptysis
spitting of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs of bronchial tubes as the result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
Hemothorax
an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.
Hyperpnea
An abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
Hyperventilation
Abnormally rapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide at the cellular level
Hypopnea
Shallow or slow respiration
Hypoxia
Subnormal oxygen levels in the cells that is less severe than anoxia
Influenza
An acute, highly contagious viral respiratory infection, that is spread by respiratory droplets and occurs most commonly during the colder months
Inhalation
The act of taking in air as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward
Laryngectomy
surgical removal of the larynx
Laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
Laryngoplasty
surgical repair of the larynx
Laryngoplegia
paralysis of the larynx
Laryngoscopy
visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope
Laryngospasm
a sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
Pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx, also known as sore throat
Pharyngoplasty
surgical repair of the pharynx
Pharyngorrhagia
bleeding from the pharynx
Pharyngorrhea
an abnormal discharge from the pharynx
Pleuralgia
pain in the pleura or in the side
Pleurectomy
surgical removal of part of the pleura
Pleurisy
inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura in the thoracic cavity.
Pneumoconiosis
an abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact.
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
a form of pneumonia caused by an infection with the parasite P carinii.
Pneumonectomy
surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
Pneumorrhagia
bleeding from the lungs.
Pneumothorax
An accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse.
Pyothorax
an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity; also known as empyema
Rhinorrhea
an excessive flow of mucus from the nose; also known as a runny nose
Sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
Sinusotomy
a surgical incision into a sinus
Spirometry
a testing method to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time each breath takes
Tracheoplasty
surgical repair of the trachea
Tracheostomy
creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions
Tracheotomy
an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
Tuberculosis
an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs
Pharyng/o
throat, pharynx
Phon/o
sound or voice
Pleur/o
pleura;
-pnea
breathing
Pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu
lungs
Trache/o
trachea, windpipe
Epiglott/o
Epiglottis
Bronch/o, Bronchi/o
bronchi
-ectasis
stretching, dilation, enlargement
atel/o
incomplete, imperfect
Mediastinum
also called interpleural space, located between the lungs this space contains the thoracic viscera.
Mycoplasma Pneumonia
A milder, but longer lasting form of pneumonia caused by the fungi, Mycoplasma
Nasopharyngitis
The common cold.
Otolaryngologist
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, and throat.
Otorhinolaryngologist
Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, and throat.
Pertussis
Also known as whooping cough, is a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a paroxysmal cough.