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EXDM 300 midterm 1
Terms in this set (116)
Who believed happiness could only come by way of good luck?
Ancient Greeks and Chinese
general well being; a balance of the full range of human experiences and emotions.
aspects of life that are freely chosen and intristically motivating.
Utilization of design thinking principles to create meaningful and even transformative experiences
the full expression including the muscles around the eyes called orbicularis oculi AUTHENTICCCCC
fake, inauthentic (named after the airline)
seeking only pleasure, denying pain
need not be recurring
feeling joy, gratitude
characteristics that recur across time and different situations
faces trials and interprets as controllable
hope for future
transient(doesn't last long), controllable, specific
always a problem, believe troubles last forever.
show multiple times
show only one or twice in a lifetime
Using signature strengths every day to produce authentic happiness and abundant gratification
Happiness is ______ genetic
Elements of well being
Swedish study on 112 girls results?
They had improved mental health and positive mood that lasted 8 months.
strength (not talent), tonic trait, valued on it's own. Culture supports these strengths
what parents want for their newborns! (baby blessing)
onlookers are elevated and inspired
Six Virtues (signature strengths)
Wisdom and Knowledge
Humanity and Love
Think of the old Indian chief praying with warrior paint, a police badge on his chest, hearts around his head, and saying "I will wait"
the happiness formula
h= enduring level of happiness
s= set range (base point off of genetics)
c = circumstances - wealthy democracy, getting married, rich social network, religion
(dont worry about more money, staying healthy, getting education, or sunnier climate)
v= voluntary variables controlled individually
satisfaction with the past (contentment, fulfillment, serenity) WHAT WE CHOOSE TO DO (how we react to set range and circumstances)
Mill's College Yearbook in ___
Duchenne Smilers were more likely to be married, to stay married,
and to experience more personal well-being over the next 30 year
Cheerful nuns at the time of their vows lived much, much longer than grumpy nuns—54% were still alive at 94 vs 11% of less cheerful nuns
Problem with the pursuit of happiness?
the assumption about what really makes us happy
Seeking _______ happiness leads to unhappiness. Being connected to _______ causes or reducing the importance of the _______ will lead to greater well being
Miserable now and in the future.
bad now, good later
Mcdonalds/ Mason burger
bad now, bad later
CHIK FI LA SANDWICH!
good now and later
In and OUt
Good now bad later
Inadequacies of Authentic Happiness
-happiness bound to a cheerful mood,
-singular measurement of life satisfaction,
-possible elements of well-being left out
well being theory
positve emotion, engagement, posiitve relationships, meaning, and accomplishment
What you are good at and what brings you joy
THE GOLDEN TICKET
What you are good at and what does not bring you joy
Beware this unhappy trap
What you are not good at but brings you joy
A dead end
What does not bring you joy and what you are not good at
happiness leads to
longevity, physical and social resources, creativity, generosity, and tolerance.
Big Data - American Communities Project
LDS - happiest, satisfied, stressed, and worried
working class counties - most unhappy and unsatisfied
Ethnic minorities - hispanic, african american, and native american are less happy.
Big city counties are satisfied but not happy.
OPENS US! broadens peopl'es ideas about possible actions, builds resources. Sets us up to cooperate and grow!
Americans report that they are ________ but underestimate the ___________ of others
Elements of well being
1. Positive emotion
4. Positive relationships
The Well Being Theory replaced the __________________ as the seminal ______________ in positive psychology
Authentic Happiness Theory, framework
The happiest people utilize their Signature Strengths to
improve love, family and work life
Active and Constructive - positive responding
get them to really RELIVE the emotions, share feelings.
heartfelt positivity to improve relationships
Passive and Constructive- positive responding
oh, good job!
Active and Destructive- positive responding
whoah how did that happpppen?
Passive and Destructive- positive responding
Did you do the dishes?
not expressing emotion is BAD; emotions will explode in a very negative way.
thoughts are caused by emotions
early past events have no influence on adult lives
Beck (50 years later)
Change thinking about present and future
no need to release anger- misconception
emotions are driven by cognition (thought, experiences, and sense)
Gratitude is considered a virtue in
Judaism, Christianity, and Islamic traditions
diffuses bitterness and negative memories
forgive through REACH
leads to less anger, less stress, more optimism, better reported health
Altruistic gift of forgiveness
Hold on to forgiveness
Studies from _______ and _______ report that forgiveness predicts happiness and life satisfaction
Chinese and Turkish studies
Optimism: explanatory style
external, unstable, and specific explanations for negative events
Permanence(remaining unchanged): permanent vs temporary
Pervasiveness: specific (just me) vs universal (everyone)
Good response: permanent and universal
learn to argue with yourself
Seligman has identified that specific exercises that build _________________________
authentic happiness over time
Satisfaction with the past can be improved by
rewriting narratives about the past through gratitude and forgiveness
Optimism for the future can be impacted by
developing hope and optimism
set point oh happiness is like a __________ boomerang
throw it as far as possible but it keeps coming back
Enhancing appropriate pleasures
habituation: the body adjusts making something need to be increased which leads to addiction, the need for more and more to get the same feelings as the first back scratch or bite of ice-cream.
sharing with others, memory building, self congratulations, sharpening perceptions, absorption, basking, thanksgiving, marveling, and luxuriating (Riley's memories)
not bad! just need to space ou the pleasures (don't eat icecream every day)
5 minute pleasure daily
gratification with meanginful activity
total immersion in activity, absence of consciousness, deep experience, enacting personal strengths and virtues
pursuing vs creating happiness
pursuit of happiness: chasing it
Creation of happiness:
make it ourselves!
set point details
happiness thermostat after good or bad events
return to our set point!
beyond your control
voluntarily controlled activities 40%
Happy People Behavior Patterns
-Devote a lot of time to nurturing family and friend relationships
-Comfortable expressing gratitude
-Often first to offer helping hand
-Optimistic about future
-Savor Life's pleasures
-Deeply committed to lifelong goals and ambitions
happy people go through challenges but show ___________ and _____________ in the face of challenge
poise and strength
happiness myth: happiness must be found
TAKE THINGS INTO YOUR OWN HANDS! Happiness is inside of us
happiness myth: happiness lies in changing our circumstances
I would be happy if......... or when.....
happiness myth: you either have it or you don't
happiness is genetic
growing research shows that we can overcome genetic programming!!!!!!
if you're running after happiness, it's like being on a treadmill. running faster and faster but end up in the exact same place
person fit activity diagnostic
the how's behind sustainable happiness
1. positive emotion (experience design provides opp. for many positive emotions)
2. optimal timing and variety (novelty opp, avoid adaptation)
3. social support (develop and nurture relationships)
4. motivation, effort, commitment (intrinsic motivation - the strongest kind)
5. Gender: Recent _______ study found that women were slightly happier than men, but this was explained by their ________________—the truer predictor of happiness.
stronger social support systems
individual that rate themselves as very happy (8 out of 10) and believe they will be happier in the next 5 years.
Denmark: the world's happiest all-stars
cared for by gov.
know needs will be met
trust public officials
HYGGA OCH LYCKA
rapid growth economy
accept restrictions on personal freedom for stability and safety
Nuevo Leon in Mexico- The Secret Sauce of Happiness
healthy distrust of the police BUT
rely on strong relationships with loved ones
faith in church
capacity to laugh at the face of hardship and find the brightside
San luis Obispo, CA
taste for civic involvement
boost in civic pride
takeaways from bluezones: community
economic freedom, high employment, tolerance, community space, limited shopping hours, limit workweek, support arts, walkability, maternity leave, birth control, sidewalks, quiet surroundings, safety, status equality
takeaways from bluezones: social life
upgrade social network, join clubs, create your own Moai (tribe), faith, marry the right guy, be realistic about parenthood
takeaways from bluezones: financial life
pay off house, enroll in automatic savings, avoid credit cards, giving account, invest in experiences
takeaways from bluezones: home
fewer screens, pet, meditation space, flow room, pride shine, garden, sunshine, paint your mood, optimize bedroom for sleep
takeaways from bluezones: self
personal mission statement
find a purpose partner
develop arts appreciation
develop people skills
takeaways from bluezones: workplace
right job, right way to work, long commutes, 40 hours max, vacations, happy hour, right boss, self employed, teaching
civic and art apprec.
instill hope for a richer future
recognize exclusion, solve for one and extend to many, learn from diversity
Thrive from National Geographic explores the
cumulative happiness of various locales around the world.
Thai life insurance video
positivity resonance is lOVE
Sharing of one or more positive emotions between you and another
A synchrony between your and another person's biochemistry and behavior
A reflected motive to invest in each other's well-being that brings mutual care.
10 forms of positivity
Losado ratio 3:1
Gottman divorce ration 5:1
ggood to bad
Americans faced reduced immunity from negative emotions compared to ________ who see negative feelings as more normal.
Create high-quality connections
Dispute negative thinking
Find nearby nature
Learn and apply your strengths
Meditate on loving kindness
Visualize your future
Meditation on loving kindess
repeat loving statements about you and others.
LOVE is the supreme emotion
emotion is brief, subtle, and potentially powerful force for growth
micromoment of warmth and connection that you share with another being. any other emotion can be transformed into an instance of love when felt in connection with another.
coming most fully alive and feeling most human
sincerely invested in their well being simply for their sake
Preconditions of love
perception of safety
connection(sensory and temporal such as eye contact, mirrored actions, touch, voice)
biological impacts of love
Common oxytocin waves
Builds capacity of the vagus nerve (calming connection between respiratory rate and heart rate) for better physical health, social skill and overall well being
being in the zone
the state of being completely invovled in something for its own sake
Pleasure vs enjoyment
pleasure: sex, food, money
enjoyment: events when they've gone beyond expectations and acieved something unpected or even unimagined
elements of flow
Challenging tasks with the ability to complete
Clear and immediate feedback
Participate effortlessly with deep involvement
Experience a sense of control
Lose our sense of self concern
Perception of time is altered
an end in itself, self-contained activity, intrinsically rewarding—flow
cailos game categorization
agon - games with competition as a main feature
alea- games of chance
ilinx (or vertigo) activities that alter conciousness by scrambling oridnary perception
mimicry- activities where alternative realities are created
flow and culture
what would minimize flow
The Industrial Revolution
The Ik of Uganda
The Yonomamo of Venezuela
What cultures or cultural factors would maximize chances for flow?
Indian Tribes of British Columbia
Affluent, Educated, Stable Countries
Availability of Leisure?
Attentional disorders and stimulus overinclusion (Schizophrenia)
Neurophysiology and flow
Martin Seligman Pursuit of Happiness - worldy views
pursuit of material goods
pursuit of easy life and pleasure
pursuit of physical attractiveness
Achieving Authentic Happiness
Active, constructive, responding
satisfaction with the past: gratitude (improves positive memories) and forgiveness (diffuses bitterness and neg memories)
forgiveness through reach
Limits of Circumstances
inbetween frustration and boredom