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Adams-Onis Treaty

1819 agreement under which Spain ceded all of Florida to the United States and gave up its claim to territory north of the 42nd parallel in the Pacific Northwest; in return, the U.S. government gave up its claims to Texas.

American System

Henry Clay's program that proposed creating a great home market for factory and farm producers by raising the protective tariff, strengthening the national bank, and financing internal improvements.

Factor System

System by which factors, or agents, supplied the tribes with goods at cost.

Francis Cabot Lowel

Boston merchant who developed a power loom that was better than its English counterpart.

Gibbons v. Ogden

The 1824 Supreme Court decision that strengthened Congress's power to regulate interstates commerce.

Henry Clay

Among other things, Speaker of the House and author of the "American System."

Which of the following did NOT occur after the War of 1812?

C. All banking was left to the states.

After peace was restored, new industries that prospered during the war

D. demanded that the government protect them from foreign competition.

After the war, the nation's most pressing economic need was

E. a transportation system that would provide manufacturers access to raw materials and markets.

The second Bank of the United States could deal with the nation's currency problem by

B. using its size and power to compel state banks to issue sound notes or go out of business.

According to "nationalists" in the government, "internal improvements" should be financed by

E. the national government.

The administration of President James Monroe was called the "era of good feelings" because

A. it was a time of few factional disputes and partisan divisions.

The Black Belt was

B. an area of dark soil that was excellent for cotton.

The Panic of 1819

C. did little to change American attitudes toward growth and expansion.

John Marshall's influence on the Supreme Court was so great that he could

B. mold the "checks and balances" inherent in the Constitution.

The Monroe Doctrine

B. established American preeminence in the Western Hemisphere.

Difficulties in financing the War of 1812 underlined the need for a new national bank.


One reason for the growing interest in internal improvements was the sudden and dramatic surge in westward expansion in the years following the War of 1812.


Andrew Jackson took Florida, and the Adams-Onís Treaty made it legal.


The Missouri Compromise upset the balance between slave and free states.


In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court declared the national bank unconstitutional.


In 1828, Andrew Jackson lost the presidential election because he was too closely identified with an "economic aristocracy" that his enemies claimed controlled him.


Tariffs were generally favored by manufacturing interests but opposed by those who made their living from agriculture.


During the post War of 1812 period, there was very little economic opportunity for Americans who wanted to trade with the far Southwest and Mexico.


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