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BJU World History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (57)
the American movement was conservative; the French was radical
What is the basic difference between the American and French Revolution?
established the Civil authority for the Plymouth Colony
The English government wanted the colonies to help pay for the recent wars
After a century of noninterference, why did England begin to tax and regulate the colonies?
a series of wars on the European continent
The British began placing restrictions on the colonies after..?
the French decided to support the colonists
The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point for the Americans because...?
government by the consent of the governed
-heavy taxation of the poor
-incompetence of Louis XV and Louis XVI
-France's bankrupt condition
-NOT the discontent of the First Estate
the French Revolution was caused by..?
the taille, the capitation, and the vingtieme
types of taxes
number of votes each seat would receive
Once Estate-General convened, the initial issue was the
Tennis Court Oath
Declared that the people of the Third Estate would not disband until a written constitution was established.
Storming the Bastille
Which event symbolizes the downfall of the Old Regime?
Declaration of the Rights of Man
1789 French document which lists the national rights of all people and the rights possessed by citizens
Called upon the French people to rally behind their king and protect him from the leaders of the Revolution. It promised to restore him to the throne.
get rid of opposition to the revolution
The purpose of the Reign of Terror was..?
the arrest and death of Robespierre and his followers
"A revolution devours its own" is illustrated by..?
The Code of Napoleon
Napolean's most famous and enduring accomplishment, the codification of the French laws.
The Continental System
Using his superior land forces, Napoleon attempted to close Europe's ports to British ships. It cut off trade with England
King of England during the American Revolution
This principle delegates specific powers to the national government and reserves all others for the state government
was the term for the French system of forced labor
the term for the list of grievances Louis's subjects compiled
worker in Paris who wore full-length trousers - "without breeches"
levee en masse
This was one of the first instances of a nation calling upon all of its citizens to take an active part in the war effort, the mobilization of the entire French nation for battle
famous instrument of execution used during the French Revolution
term for sudden and illegal seizure of power
the battle that was Napoleon's greatest triumph
place to which Napoleon was finally exiled
King during the French Revolution, did not have the character or inclination to rule France in the absolute fashion of Louis XIV.
prominent Jacobin executed by Robespierre
Under his command, the British fleet destroyed the French fleet anchored at Alexandria.
First Consul for life
Duke of Wellington
Under his leadership, the allied forces won a decisive victory against Napoleon. Victorious general at Waterloo.
those measures violated colonial charters calling for taxation to rest in the hand of the colonial assemblies
The colonists resented parliamentary measures of taxation because..?
They were exempt from many taxes.
The First and Second Estates were considered privileged classes because..?
The stability of Louis XVI held France together during its pre-revolution days
Civil Constituion of the Clergy
This bill placed the church under state control, provided for the election of all clergy by the people, and required the clergy to take an oath of loyalty to the state.
The American Revolution's protest was not against too much government but a government that had violated its own rules. The colonies did not fight an offensive war, They were simply defending their homeland and preserving the freedoms that they had enjoyed for more than a century.
Explain why the American Revolution is considered a conservative action.
Napoleon instituted many domestic reforms, such as beginning public works programs; founding the Bank of France, which standardized the monetary system; and setting up an equitable tax system, which helped to stabilize the national debt. He also established a system of public education. Perhaps his most famous accomplishment was the codification of French Laws (late named the code of Napoleon)
List some domestic reforms of Napoleon, including what is considered to be perhaps his most famous accomplishment.
A group of English Separatists that sought a land where they would be free to worship God without government oppression.
Declaration of Independence
This document was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Continental Congress.
General of the American army during the War for Independence, his determined leadership strengthened the American cause.
Treaty of Paris
After two years of negotiations, this was signed to end the War of Independence. (1783)
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments that clearly defined these liberties and placed restraints on governmental interference.
The name given to the political and social order in France before the French revolution.
Consisted of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church
Consisted of the nobility
Was by far the largest estate, comprising approximately 98% of the French population.
July 14, 1789
On this morning, part of the mob stormed the Invalides; others laid siege to and captured the Bastille.
Those who advocated the most radical changes.
Prominent leaders of the Jacobins
Jean-Paul Marat, George-Jacques Danton, and Maximilien de Robespierre
September 22, 1792
On this day, the newly elected National Convention abolished the monarchy and proclaimed this year to be Year One of the French Republic.
Committee of Public Safety
This committee gave the Revolutionary Tribunal orders to suppress opposition to the Revolution.
A temporary alliance of nations.
This new government provided for a two-chamber legislature.
Spanish troops' attacks against French forces. "Little wars."
Scorched Earth Policy
The strategy of burning everything that might be of value to the enemy and leaving nothing.
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