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123 terms

aspt exam

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accessioning
the process by which specimens are logged in, labeled, and assigned a specimen identification code
palpate
To examine by touch.
bevel
The opening in the needle
empathy
understanding and entering into another's feelings
apathy
lack of interest; state of not caring
professional
describes people who are paid for what they do
phlebotomy
cutting into a vein
venipuncture
puncture of a vein through the skin in order to withdraw blood for analysis or to start an intravenous drip or to inject medication or a radio opaque dye
anticubital fossa
Triangular layer, anterior to elbow where the major veins for vena puncture are located
cephalic vein
Large vein on the outermost side of the upper arm
basilic vein
Large vein on the inner side of the upper arm
medial cubital vein
On the anterior surface of the vein. Vein of choice in intravenous injections.
syncope
fainting
lumen
opening within a hollow tube or organ
bevel
n. Any inclination of two surfaces other than 90 degrees.
capillaries
tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and the cells of the body
extracellular fluid
all body fluid other than that contained within cells; includes plasma and interstitial fluid
intracellular fluid
fluid inside the cells
interstitial fluid
liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much of the liquid environment of the body
peripheral blood
Blood obtained from the outer surface of the body- (an extremity)
capillary blood
Should be collected from the ring or great finger in adults, and lateral sides of the heel in infants, and (rarely) in earlobes
susceptable person
a person with a compromised immune system.
nosocomial infection
an infection acquired in a hospital or other healthcare facility; also known as hospital-acquired infection (HAI).
carrier/host
a person who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others
HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
aspetic
(adj.) germ free
antiseptic
a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
assault
intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another
battery
an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact
negligence
careless neglect, often resulting in injury
hemolysis
Destruction of red blood cells
pathogenic
capable of producing disease
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
CDC
Center for Disease Control
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment
universal precaution
an approach to infection control that requires the employee to assume that all human blood specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV,HBV and other bloodborne pathogens
basal state
Refers to the resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after fasting for a minimum of 12 hours.
hypogycemia
low blood sugar
hyperglycemia
abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
sympathetic blood flow
...
hemostasis
the stoppage of bleeding
hematopoiesis
the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
spleen
Produces blood cells, destroys damaged blood cells, stores blood cells
anticoagulant
medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
atria
the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that pool incoming blood.
the heart
Main organ of the circulatory system
SA node
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of the heart usually starts; located in the top of the right atrium
AV node
atrioventricular node: a small mass of tissue that passes impulses received from the sinoatrial node to the ventricles
dermal subcutaneous junction
...
autoregulatory blood flow distress
...
vena cava
One of two large vessels (superior and inferior) that return deoxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart.
frothing
Bubbles caused by improper venipuncture technique; i.e. needle not properly seated within the lumen of the vein, or using too small needle for vein size
coagulant
an agent that promotes the clotting of blood
systemic circulation
circulation that supplies blood to all the body except to the lungs
pulmonary circulation
pathway of circulation between the heart and the lungs
lymphatic circulation
One way system that begins in the tissues and ends when the lymph joins the blood.
basophils
white blood cells that enter damaged tissues and enhance the inflammation process and contain histamine and heparin
lymphacytes
produces anitbodies
monocytes
a subgroup of mononuclear cells that are called monocytes when they are in the bloodstream and macrophages when they are in tissues. These cells are the APC's that mediate endocytosis and presentation of antigen to T and B cells during immune reactions
transmission of infection
any mode or mechanism by which an infectious agent is spread through the environment or to another person.
contact
mode of transmission - disease transmitted by direct human contact
droplet
a spray of moist particles 3 feet or less
airborne
mode of transmitted through the air by droplets or particles.
malpractice
professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage
bloodborne pathogens
disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids
engineering controls
controls (e.g. sharps disposal container, self sheathing needles) that isolate or remove the Bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace
informed consent
consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved
ethics
moral principles or values
biohazard
organism, or substance derived from an organism, that poses a threat to (primarily) human health
analyte
Subtance or chemical being analyzed or dected in a specimen.
MSDS
A widely used abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet. A MSDS contains details of the hazards associated with a chemical, and gives information on its safe use.
aliquot
a portion of a blood sample that has been removed/separated from the primary specimen tube.
ABG
Arterial Blood Gasses
autologous
term used to describe a transfusion from the recipient's own blood
tort
in law, a civil misdeed requiring compensation
striated muscle
muscle attached to the skeleton, making movement possible
hematoma
the collection of blood under the skin as the result of blood escaping into the tissue from damaged blood vessels. bruise
mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
lysis
the disintegration of a cell by disruption of the plasma membrane
hemoconcentration
concentration of blood due to prolonged application of a tourniquet (longer than 1 minute)
EDTA
Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid, Ties up Ca to prevent clotting of blood. Advantages: Excellent preserving of cells. Disadvantages: Dilution volume is important. Purple top vacutainer tube.
vein patency
The state of a vein being freely open
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
arterioles
small arteries that connect to capillaries
PKU
phenylketonuria (disease due to lack of an enzyme in infants)
vein
a blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart
venules
small veins that drain blood from the capillaries and then join to form a vein
vasodilation
widening of the blood vessels that allows for increased blood flow
vasoconstriction
rapid constriction of the blood vessels to decrease blood flow to the area
tunica media
middle layer of arteries and veins
tunica adventitia
outermost covering of arteries and veins
tunica intima
innermost layer of arteries and veins
buffy coat
a thin light colored layer of white blood cells and platelets than lie between a top layer of plasma and red blood cells
hemogloblin
protein in the blood.(carries oxygen in the red blood cells)
circulatory system
The human body system that contains the heart, blood, and all of the blood vessels. It delivers all the nutrients to the cells
conduction system
electrical impulses from nerves that stimulate contraction and relaxation of heart
morphology
external form
reticulocyte
immature red blood cell
whole blood
blood which has had an anticoagulant added to it
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein, INFLAMMATION IN THE WALL OF A VEIN WITHOUT CLOT FORMATION
WBC
white blood cell
RBC
red blood cell
PLT
Platelets
bone marrow
a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
serum
liquid portion of the blood left after the clotting process
plasma
straw-colored fluid that makes up about 55 percent of blood
osteomyelitis
an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
coagualtion
clotting after trauma to blood vessels
intrinsic
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous
fibrin clot
...
peaks
high level
troughs
one of the places in a wave where the wave is lowest, or the disturbance is the greatest.
TDM
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring...Testing of drug levels at specific intervals to help establish a drug dosage, maintain the dosage at a therapeutic level, or avoid drug toxicity.
aorta
The largest artery in the body; it conducts freshly oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues.
ventricles
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out to the lungs and body.
Hgb
hemoglobin
contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
OPIM
Other Potentially Infectious Materials are contaminated with blood or with body fluid that may contain blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva. Also includes needles, suction equipment, soiled linens, dressings, and other care items & equipment
TQM
total quality management, a concept that focuses on managing the total oranization to deliver quality to customers
communicable
Something that can be passed from one person to another
lipemic
Serum/plasma that appears milky (cloudy white) or turbid due to high lipid content.
FMC
foundation for medical care