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the process by which specimens are logged in, labeled, and assigned a specimen identification code
puncture of a vein through the skin in order to withdraw blood for analysis or to start an intravenous drip or to inject medication or a radio opaque dye
Triangular layer, anterior to elbow where the major veins for vena puncture are located
tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and the cells of the body
all body fluid other than that contained within cells; includes plasma and interstitial fluid
liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much of the liquid environment of the body
Should be collected from the ring or great finger in adults, and lateral sides of the heel in infants, and (rarely) in earlobes
an infection acquired in a hospital or other healthcare facility; also known as hospital-acquired infection (HAI).
a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
an approach to infection control that requires the employee to assume that all human blood specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV,HBV and other bloodborne pathogens
Refers to the resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after fasting for a minimum of 12 hours.
the pace-maker of the heart; where the impulse conduction of the heart usually starts; located in the top of the right atrium
atrioventricular node: a small mass of tissue that passes impulses received from the sinoatrial node to the ventricles
One of two large vessels (superior and inferior) that return deoxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart.
Bubbles caused by improper venipuncture technique; i.e. needle not properly seated within the lumen of the vein, or using too small needle for vein size
One way system that begins in the tissues and ends when the lymph joins the blood.
white blood cells that enter damaged tissues and enhance the inflammation process and contain histamine and heparin
a subgroup of mononuclear cells that are called monocytes when they are in the bloodstream and macrophages when they are in tissues. These cells are the APC's that mediate endocytosis and presentation of antigen to T and B cells during immune reactions
transmission of infection
any mode or mechanism by which an infectious agent is spread through the environment or to another person.
disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids
controls (e.g. sharps disposal container, self sheathing needles) that isolate or remove the Bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace
consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved
organism, or substance derived from an organism, that poses a threat to (primarily) human health
A widely used abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet. A MSDS contains details of the hazards associated with a chemical, and gives information on its safe use.
the collection of blood under the skin as the result of blood escaping into the tissue from damaged blood vessels. bruise
concentration of blood due to prolonged application of a tourniquet (longer than 1 minute)
Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid, Ties up Ca to prevent clotting of blood. Advantages: Excellent preserving of cells. Disadvantages: Dilution volume is important. Purple top vacutainer tube.
a thin light colored layer of white blood cells and platelets than lie between a top layer of plasma and red blood cells
The human body system that contains the heart, blood, and all of the blood vessels. It delivers all the nutrients to the cells
electrical impulses from nerves that stimulate contraction and relaxation of heart
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring...Testing of drug levels at specific intervals to help establish a drug dosage, maintain the dosage at a therapeutic level, or avoid drug toxicity.
The largest artery in the body; it conducts freshly oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues.
Other Potentially Infectious Materials are contaminated with blood or with body fluid that may contain blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva. Also includes needles, suction equipment, soiled linens, dressings, and other care items & equipment
total quality management, a concept that focuses on managing the total oranization to deliver quality to customers
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