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providing person with a safe drug that has a similar makeup to addictive drug; methadane
medication that makes ingesting abused drug extremely unpleasant; disulfram(antabuse) for alcohol
enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to , and thinking about the environment and oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts
dramatic, emotional, or erratic cluster
antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic
involuntary motor movements; head twitching, vocalizations; grunts that occur in rapid succession, come on suddenly, and happen in stereotyped ways
disturbance in speech fluency that includes repeating syllables or words, or prolonging certain sounds.
Problems of inattention
don't appear to listen
don't pay attention to details
make careless mistakes
blurting out answers
having trouble waiting turn or delaying reinforcement
Impairment in Social Interactions
do not develop the types of social relationships expected for their age
Significant Impairment in Communication
nearly always have severe problems communicating
Restricted Patterns of Behavior
maintenance of sameness; stereotyped behaviors; narrowed focus
impaired social relationships
restricted or unusual behaviors
can often be quite verbal and have normal IQ's
more interest in facts/objects than people
often clumsy and poor coordination
cognitive disorder that results in a gradual deterioration of brain functioning that affects judgment, memory, and cognitive functioning.
disturbance of consciousness with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention
Change in cognition that is not accounted for by dementia
defining characteristic is a pervasive unjustified mistrust and suspiciousness of others
show a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a limited range of emotions in interpersonal situations
socially isolated and express little emotion, but also experience perceptual distortions and behave in an eccentric manner, "odd" or "bizarre"
characterized by a history of failing to comply with social norms; indifferent to the concerns of others
pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, emotion, and marked impulsivity
social inhibition because of feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation or fear of rejection
pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation
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