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37 terms

Test 4

STUDY
PLAY
Substance Use
ingestion of psychoactive substance in moderate amounts
Substance abuse
defined in terms of how significantly it interferes with the users life
Tolerance
requires greater amounts of drug for same affect
Withdrawal
negative physical response when substance is no longer ingested
Agonist Substitution
providing person with a safe drug that has a similar makeup to addictive drug; methadane
Antagonist treatments
blocks or counteracts the effects of drug; naltrexone
Aversive treatment(medication)
medication that makes ingesting abused drug extremely unpleasant; disulfram(antabuse) for alcohol
Aversion Therapy (psychological treatment)
substance use paired with something extremely unpleasant
Personality Disorder
enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to , and thinking about the environment and oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts
Cluster A
odd or eccentric cluster
paranoid, schizoid, schizoidtypal disorders
Cluster B
dramatic, emotional, or erratic cluster
antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic
Cluster C
anxious or fearful cluster
avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive
Tics
involuntary motor movements; head twitching, vocalizations; grunts that occur in rapid succession, come on suddenly, and happen in stereotyped ways
Stuttering
disturbance in speech fluency that includes repeating syllables or words, or prolonging certain sounds.
3 categories of symptoms of ADHD
problems of inattention
hyperactivity
impulsivity
Problems of inattention
don't appear to listen
don't pay attention to details
make careless mistakes
Hyperactivity
fidgety
trouble sitting still
Impulsivity
blurting out answers
excessive talking
having trouble waiting turn or delaying reinforcement
Autistic Disorders:
Impairment in Social Interactions
do not develop the types of social relationships expected for their age
Autistic Disorders:
Significant Impairment in Communication
nearly always have severe problems communicating
Autistic Disorders:
Restricted Patterns of Behavior
maintenance of sameness; stereotyped behaviors; narrowed focus
Asperger's Disorder
impaired social relationships
restricted or unusual behaviors
can often be quite verbal and have normal IQ's
more interest in facts/objects than people
often clumsy and poor coordination
Dementia
cognitive disorder that results in a gradual deterioration of brain functioning that affects judgment, memory, and cognitive functioning.
Neurofibrilary Tangles
Tangled, strand-like fiilaments
Alzheimer's patients
Amyloid Plaques
degeneration that results from gummy protein deposits that accumulate in the brain
Delerium
disturbance of consciousness with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention
Change in cognition that is not accounted for by dementia
Causes of delerium
infections, sleep deprivation, excessive stress, immobility
Paranoid PD
defining characteristic is a pervasive unjustified mistrust and suspiciousness of others
Schizoid PD
show a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a limited range of emotions in interpersonal situations
Schizotypal PD
socially isolated and express little emotion, but also experience perceptual distortions and behave in an eccentric manner, "odd" or "bizarre"
Antisocial PD
characterized by a history of failing to comply with social norms; indifferent to the concerns of others
Borderline PD
pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, emotion, and marked impulsivity
Histrionic PD
excessive emotionality and attention seeking
Narcissistic PD
pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration and lack of empathy
Avoidant PD
social inhibition because of feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation or fear of rejection
Dependent PD
pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation
Obsessive-Compulsive PD
pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency