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APUSH Ch 33 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Republican Warren G. Harding
the 1920 election was a resounding victory for this party and this candidate
Hawley-Smoot
the 1930 tariff which raised duties to 60%, angered the rest of the world, and exacerbated the depression
American Legion
the veterans pressure group organinzed in 1919 in Paris by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Five-Power Naval Treaty
the 1922 treaty which stated that the navies of the US, Britian, and Japan would be a ratio of 5-5-3
Capper-Volstead Act
the 1921 act of Congress which exempted farmers' marketing cooperatives from antitrust prosecution
John W. Davis
the man finally nominated for president by the Democrats after 102 ballots at their convention in 1924
Esch-Cummins Transportation Act
the 1920 act of Congress in which the railroads were returned to private ownership with a pledge of government help to make them profitable
Albert B. Fall
the scheming anti-conservationist from New Mexico who was Harding's infamous secretary of the interior
Adjusted Compensation Act
the 1924 act of Congress which gave every soldier a paid-up insurance policy due in twenty years, adding $3.5 billion to the cost of the war
Good Neighbor
the name given to Herbert Hoover's policy of withdrawing troops from Latin America and trying to promote better relations
Colonel Charles R. Forbes
the Harding appointee who, with his accomplices, looted the Veteran's Bureau of $200 million
Ohio Gang
the nickname for the party bosses and political hacks from Harding's home state that used their offices in the Harding administration for personal gain
Herbert Hoover
the energetic businessman, engineer, and feeder of the Belgians who became Harding's secretary of commerce
Bonus Army
the name for the 20,000 impoverished veterans and unemployed who converged on Washington in 1932 to lobby and intimidate Congress in to passing favorable legislation
Hoover Dam
the gigantic Colorado River project voted by Congress under Coolidge, begun under Hoover, and completed under FDR. It was used for irrigation, flood control, and electricity
Agricultural Marketing Act
the 1929 act of Congress which was designed to help the farmers help themselves through producers' cooperatives
Federal Farm Board
the board set up in 1929 designed to bolster sagging prices by buying, storing, and selling agricultural surpluses
Hoovervilles
the shantytowns of the early 1930's which were made of tin and paper
Dawes Plan
the 1924 plan to reschedule German war payments with the help of private US loans
Charles Evans Hughes
the masterful, imperious, incisive, and brilliant secretary of state under Warren G. Harding
Kellogg-Briand Pact
the 1928 treaty which outlawed war as an instrument of national policy
Robert La Folette
the 1924 candidate for president for the Progressive party
McNary-Haugen
the farm bill passed during 1924-1928 which sought to keep agricultural prices high by authorizing the government to buy up surpluses and sell them abroad. The bill passed twice and Coolidge vetoed it twice
Hoover-Stimson Doctrine
the 1932 foreign policy position of the US which stated that we would not recognize territorial acquisitions taken by force
Merchant Marine Act
the 1920 act which tried to get the government out of the shipping business and authorized the Shipping Board to dispose of its wartime fleet at bargain basement prices
Harry M. Daugherty
the small-town lawyer but big-time crook who was Harding's attorney general
Muscle Shoals Bill
the legislation vetoed by Hoover because he opposed having the federal government sell electricity in competition with its own citizens
Nine-Power Treaty
the 1922 treaty in which its signatories pledged a continuation of the Open Door policy in China
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
the 1923 Supreme Court case in which a minimum wage law for women was declared unconstitutional
Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
the 1932 labor legislation that outlawed "yellow dog" contracts and forbade federal courts from issuing injunctions to restrain strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing
Fordney-McCumber
the 1922 tariff law in which protection rose to 38.5% which was almost as high as the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909
oil
the American companies that wanted a military expedition to Mexico in 1926 when that government began to assert sovereignty over their resources
Railway Labor Board
the 1920's successor to the wartime labor boards that ordered 12% wage cuts to certain workers in 1922 provoking a two-month strike
Chicago
WWI had attracted many southern blacks to northern industrial cities. Name the city in which postwar tensions resulted in a racial reign of terror in 1919, leaving 23 blacks and 15 whites dead
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
the name (not acronym) for the 1932 government agency created to provide loans for banks, insurance companies, state and local governments, and railroads, but not to individuals
Al Smith
the colorful Democratic nominee for president in 1928
Four-Power Treaty
the 1922 treaty in which France, the US, Britian, and Japan promised to respect one another's Pacific territories and to cooperate to prevent agression
stock market crash
the Wall Street event that occured on October 29, 1929
William Howard Taft
one of Harding's most competent appointees was this man, appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court
Andrew W. Mellon
the Pittsburgh aluminum king who became Harding's Secretary of Treasury
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harry F. Sinclair and Edward L. Doheny gave several hundred thousand dollars to Albert Fall for oil leases in this major scandal of the Harding administration
Warren G. Harding
the Ohio senator the Republicans finally settled on as their presidential candidate in 1920
Herbert Hoover
the man who declared an international debt moratorium in 1931 which was followed by a default of all the debtors except Finland