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28 terms

Special Needs

STUDY
PLAY
gifted
Having above-average intelligence (an IQ of 130 or higher) and/or superior talent for something.
learning disability
Describes a child who has difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language, and the difficulty can appear in listening, thinking, reading, writing, and spelling.
dyslexia
A reading disability, thought by some experts to involve a brain disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD, A condition mainly in children demonstrated by hyperactivity, and inability to concentrate, and impulsive behavior.
Attention Deficit Disorder
ADD, A condition characterized by difficulty in concentrating and following through on a task; does not include hyperactivity.
mental retardation
A condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.
autism
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind.
autism spectrum disorder
ASD, A disorder characterized by deficits in social relatedness and communication skills that are often accompanied by repetitive, ritualistic behavior.
inclusion
Educating a child with special education needs full-time in the regular classroom.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
federal law enacted in 1990 & reauthorized in 1997, designed to protect the rights of students with disabilities by ensuring that everyone recieves a free appropriate public education regardless of ability. Strives to grant equal access to students with disabilities & to provide additonal special education services & procedural safegaurds
invisible disabilities
refers to conditions that have no outward signs that alert casual observers to an individual's condition
Down's Syndrome
A genetic disorder that causes developmental delays and is caused by problems with chromosome 21.
fetal alcohol syndrome
A developmental disorder that stems from heavy alcohol use by the mother during pregnancy
Tourette's Syndrome
Disorder that includes multiple motor and one or more vocal tics, which occur many times per day.
Asberger's Syndrome
high functioning autism, impaired social interest and skills, restricted interests, high intelligence, language is not delayed or deficient
Individualized Education Plan
written plan developed by an interdisciplinary educational team identifying services and supports for children ages 3-21.
Individualized Family Service Plan
A plan to meet the overall special needs of a child, including assessment, goals for development, and ways to promote family support and involvement
referral
process of sending or guiding someone to another source for assistance
hearing impairment
The inability to detect or perceive at least some frequencies of sound which should normally be heard
articulation problem
Omissions, distortions or substitutions of vowels or constants or both.
visual impairment
Difficulties in seeing that may include blindness or partial sightedness
chronic health needs
Needs for special care caused by an illness that persists over a period of time.
asthma
A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing.
hemophilia
A hereditary disease where blood does not coagulate to stop bleeding
behavior disorder
refers to any visible activities done by a child that are inappropriate in nature
acceleration
gifted child is assigned to a class with older children
enrichment
Educational approach that provides a child with extra learning experiences that the standard curriculum would not normally include.
Cognitive disabilities
describes a child whose intellectual functioning is significantly below developmental milestones for his/her age