Terms in this set (22)
fair, just, embodying principles of justice
cycle of debt
using this years crops to pay last years debt
A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
murder of a public figure, usually for political reasons
Constitutional process for removing executive officers & judges for "treason, high crimes & misdemeanors" (whatever Congress thinks is impeachable). Two stages: (1) House decides to impeach (accuse) target (simple majority); (2) Senate holds trial to convict (2/3 majority). Andy Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached but not convicted. Nixon resigned as Articles of Impeachment were being drafted!
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolition of slavery.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
are groups that are set apart on the basis of physical characteristics
sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
no state can deny the right to vote based on race, color, or sex
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
Morrill Land Grant Act
passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges.
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens willing to live on and cultivate it for five years
17th President of the United States, A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.