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used by researchers to learn more about human behavior. used to talk about something we cannot see, touch, or measure directly
a statement that attempts to explain why things are the way they are and happen the way they do (allow prediction)
experimental (biological) psychologist
ps conduct research into basic processes such as the functions of the nervous system
has no immediate application and is done for its own sake (eventually put into practice)
ps focus on the ways in which people influence and are influenced by physical environment
ps examine the ways in which behavior and mental processes are related to physical health
"looking within" examining our thoughts and feelings to learn about ourselves; by Plato
a learned connection between 2 ideas or events, scientific approaches, how experiences often remind us of similar ones in the past
The Middle Ages
believed agitation and confusion were possession by demons, punishment for sins, deals with the devil
water float test
if you drowned you were human, if you floated you're a witch and would be burnt at the stake.
maintains that conscious experiences break down into objective sensations and subjective feelings
emphasizes the purpose of behavior and mental processes, how mental processes help organisms adapt to environment
most of what fills an individual's mind is unconscious and consists of conflicting impulses, urges, and wishes
p biological, evolutionary, cognitive, humanistic, psychoanalytic, learning, sociocultural
p emphasizes the influence of biology(hormones, health, chemicals) on our behavior (roots in associationism)
p focuses on the evolution of behavior and mental processes (hereditary basis, inherited tendancies)
british scientist who said in struggle for survival, most adaptive organisms have a greater chance of surviving to maturity, to reproduce
p emphasizes the role that thoughts play in determining behavior (roots in "Know Thyself", introspection, structuralism, functionalism, and gestalt psychology)
p influenced by computer science, working memories and storage facilities, retrieving data. strategies for solving problems
p stresses human capacity for self-fulfillment and the importance of consciousness, self-awareness and the capacity to make choices
p believes personal experiences are most important aspect of psychology, free to choose own behavior! (unlike behaviorism) inner experience
p stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior, less on unconscious secual aggressive impulses and more on conscious choice and self-direction (unconscious anger and feelings)
p studies the influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socio-economic status on behaviors and mental processes
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