68 terms

Irene Gold: Physiotherapy and Vitamins

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Terms in this set (...)

Vitamin A
Retinol
B1
Thiamine
B2
Riboflavin
B3
Niacin
B6
Pyridoxine
B9
Folic Acid
B12
Cobalamin
Vitamin C
Ascorbic acid
Vitamin E
Tocopherol
Night blindness
Deficiency of Vitamin A
Beri Beri (Encephalopathy and psychosis)

If the deficiency of B1 is caused by alcoholism its caused by Wernike Kosakoff syndrome.
Deficiency of B1
Cheilosis
Deficiency of B2
Pellagra. 4 D's (dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, death)
Deficiency of B3
B6
Natural diuretic
B6
Used to treat Carpal Tunnel
B6
Recommended for peripheral nerve healing
B9
Improves symptoms of painful legs
B9
Deficiency causes megablastic anemia
B9, folic acid
Prevents neural tube defects
B12
May present with PLS
B9
Deficiency produces glossitis
Vitamin C
Smokers are often deficient.
Vitamin C
Needed for iron absorption
Vitamin D
Most common deficiency in children not in warm climates.
Vitamin D
Paint brush metaphysis on x-ray
Omega 3 fatty acids.
Used to treat hypercholesterolemia, natural anti-inflammatory.
Zinc
Necessary for prostate health, wound healing, and immune system.
Selenium
Toxic doses produces damage to hair, nails, and skin
Chromium
Glucose tolerance factor. Essential for diabetics.
Iron
Number one mineral deficiency in the world:
Calcium
Number one mineral deficiency in the USA
14
Pediatrician treats children under the age of
Indications: Subacute sprains, strains, bruises, tendinitis, and bursitis.
Contraindications: Vascular problems
Fill this out for massage.

Indications:
Contraindications:
10 seconds
Trigger point therapy should be performed for no longer than ________
Indications: Disc syndromes, IVF encroachment, and chronic muscle spasms
Contraindications: Bone weak/inhibiting conditions, ligamentous instability, and acute injury.
Fill this out for traction.

Indications:
Contraindications:
Indications: acute conditions
Contraindications: Circulatory compromise, hypersensitivity to cold, frostbite, and raynaud's.
Fill this out for cryotherapy.

Indications:
Contraindications:
20-30 minutes.
How long should we use cryotherapy for?
Rest ice compress elevate
RICE stands for...
Indications: Chronic musculoskeletal conditions, arthritic changes, stiff joints.
Contraindications: Acute conditions, inflammation, abnormal thermal sensation.
Fill this out for infrared

Indications:
Contraindications:
Indications: Skin and bone conditions
Contraindications: Hemorrhage and inflammation
Fill this out for ultraviolet

Indications:
Contraindications:
Antibacterial, antifungal, and metabolic effects.
What are the three effects of ultraviolet?
Indications: Deep chronic musculoskeletal conditions. PID and prostatitis
Contraindications: Acute conditions, metallic implants, and epiphyseal centers.
Fill this out for diathermy.

Indications:
Contraindications:
Indications: Musculoskeletal conditions, contractures and adhesion
Contraindications: Epiphyseal centers, bony prominences and fractures.
Fill this out for utrasound.

Indications:
Contraindications:
Thermal, mechanical, chemical, and neural.
What are the effects of ultrasound?
Pulsed used acutely. Continuous used during subacute or chronic phases.
Pulsed ultrasound is used when? What about continuous?
Mode: Pulsed
Thin Tissue: 0.5-1.0 w/cm2
Thick Tissue: 1.0-1.5 w/cm2
Set the ultrasound machine for treating an acute condition.

Mode:
Thin Tissue:
Thick Tissue:
Mode: Continuos
Thin Tissue: 1.0-1.5 w/cm2
Thick Tissue: 1.5-2.0 w/cm2
Set the ultrasound machine for treating a chronic condition.

Mode:
Thin Tissue:
Thick Tissue:
Low Volt Galvanic
What modality exhibits polar effects?
Iontophoresis and denervated muscle
What is Low Volt Galvanic used for?
Pain control, reducing muscle spasm and edema, and to exercise muscle.
What is high volt used for?
Used for muscle contraction, to stretch fibrotic tissue, and to increase lymph flow.
What does Faradic/Sine Wave do?
Pain control, edema reduction, to break muscle spasm, and exercise muscle.

Same basic effects as high volt, but with deeper penetration by the use of 2 crossing sine waves.
What is interferential used for?
Sacroiliac girdle. Used for SI hypermobility.
What is a Trochanteric belt used for?
Initial treatment of an injury.
What are isometric contractions used for?
A muscular contraction with a change in length. There is joint movement and the exercise is performed against a a constant resistance.
What is an isokinetic contraction?
Peripheral vascular disaese
Buerger-Allen Exercise
Abdominal crunches, pelvic tilts, and hamstring stretches designed to reduce hyperlordosis.
William's exercise
Low back extension exercises used to increase lumbar lordosis and rehab a disc.
McKenzie's Exercises
Finger tip wall walking and pendular exercises used to restore normal shoulder movements.
Codman's Exercises
used to tighten/facilitate the perineum post partum and with incontinence.
Kegel's Exercises
Biofeedback
Jacobson's Exercise
Rehab the knee
DeLorme Exercises are used to
Increase coordination. uses a wobble board.
Frenkel's exercises are used to
A patient with cerebral palsy. Helps with patterning.
Bobarth Exercises are used for..
Exercises where the hand or foot is free to move. Ex: Bicep curl or leg extensions.
Open Chain Exercises
Exercise where the hand or foot is fixed and cannot move. Ex: Pushups or squats.
Closed Chain Exercises
Inhibited: Deep neck flexors, lower trapezius, and serratus anterior
Facilitated: Pectoralis, upper trapezius, and levator scapula
Upper Crossed Syndrome. Give whats weak/inhibited and whats tight/facilitated.
Inhibited: Abdominals, gluteus maximus, and hamstrings
Facilitated: Iliopsoas, quadriceps, and erector spinae
Lower Crossed Syndrome. Give whats weak/inhibited and whats tight/facilitated.