Irene Gold: Physiotherapy and Vitamins
Terms in this set (68)
Deficiency of Vitamin A
Beri Beri (Encephalopathy and psychosis)
If the deficiency of B1 is caused by alcoholism its caused by Wernike Kosakoff syndrome.
Deficiency of B1
Deficiency of B2
Pellagra. 4 D's (dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, death)
Deficiency of B3
Used to treat Carpal Tunnel
Recommended for peripheral nerve healing
Improves symptoms of painful legs
Deficiency causes megablastic anemia
B9, folic acid
Prevents neural tube defects
May present with PLS
Deficiency produces glossitis
Smokers are often deficient.
Needed for iron absorption
Most common deficiency in children not in warm climates.
Paint brush metaphysis on x-ray
Omega 3 fatty acids.
Used to treat hypercholesterolemia, natural anti-inflammatory.
Necessary for prostate health, wound healing, and immune system.
Toxic doses produces damage to hair, nails, and skin
Glucose tolerance factor. Essential for diabetics.
Number one mineral deficiency in the world:
Number one mineral deficiency in the USA
Pediatrician treats children under the age of
: Subacute sprains, strains, bruises, tendinitis, and bursitis.
: Vascular problems
Fill this out for massage.
Trigger point therapy should be performed for no longer than ________
: Disc syndromes, IVF encroachment, and chronic muscle spasms
: Bone weak/inhibiting conditions, ligamentous instability, and acute injury.
Fill this out for traction.
: acute conditions
: Circulatory compromise, hypersensitivity to cold, frostbite, and raynaud's.
Fill this out for cryotherapy.
How long should we use cryotherapy for?
Rest ice compress elevate
RICE stands for...
: Chronic musculoskeletal conditions, arthritic changes, stiff joints.
: Acute conditions, inflammation, abnormal thermal sensation.
Fill this out for infrared
: Skin and bone conditions
: Hemorrhage and inflammation
Fill this out for ultraviolet
Antibacterial, antifungal, and metabolic effects.
What are the three effects of ultraviolet?
: Deep chronic musculoskeletal conditions. PID and prostatitis
: Acute conditions, metallic implants, and epiphyseal centers.
Fill this out for diathermy.
: Musculoskeletal conditions, contractures and adhesion
: Epiphyseal centers, bony prominences and fractures.
Fill this out for utrasound.
Thermal, mechanical, chemical, and neural.
What are the effects of ultrasound?
Pulsed used acutely. Continuous used during subacute or chronic phases.
Pulsed ultrasound is used when? What about continuous?
: 0.5-1.0 w/cm2
: 1.0-1.5 w/cm2
Set the ultrasound machine for treating an acute condition.
: 1.0-1.5 w/cm2
: 1.5-2.0 w/cm2
Set the ultrasound machine for treating a chronic condition.
Low Volt Galvanic
What modality exhibits polar effects?
Iontophoresis and denervated muscle
What is Low Volt Galvanic used for?
Pain control, reducing muscle spasm and edema, and to exercise muscle.
What is high volt used for?
Used for muscle contraction, to stretch fibrotic tissue, and to increase lymph flow.
What does Faradic/Sine Wave do?
Pain control, edema reduction, to break muscle spasm, and exercise muscle.
Same basic effects as high volt, but with deeper penetration by the use of 2 crossing sine waves.
What is interferential used for?
Sacroiliac girdle. Used for SI hypermobility.
What is a Trochanteric belt used for?
Initial treatment of an injury.
What are isometric contractions used for?
A muscular contraction with a change in length. There is joint movement and the exercise is performed against a a constant resistance.
What is an isokinetic contraction?
Peripheral vascular disaese
Abdominal crunches, pelvic tilts, and hamstring stretches designed to reduce hyperlordosis.
Low back extension exercises used to increase lumbar lordosis and rehab a disc.
Finger tip wall walking and pendular exercises used to restore normal shoulder movements.
used to tighten/facilitate the perineum post partum and with incontinence.
Rehab the knee
DeLorme Exercises are used to
Increase coordination. uses a wobble board.
Frenkel's exercises are used to
A patient with cerebral palsy. Helps with patterning.
Bobarth Exercises are used for..
Exercises where the hand or foot is free to move. Ex: Bicep curl or leg extensions.
Open Chain Exercises
Exercise where the hand or foot is fixed and cannot move. Ex: Pushups or squats.
Closed Chain Exercises
: Deep neck flexors, lower trapezius, and serratus anterior
: Pectoralis, upper trapezius, and levator scapula
Upper Crossed Syndrome. Give whats weak/inhibited and whats tight/facilitated.
: Abdominals, gluteus maximus, and hamstrings
: Iliopsoas, quadriceps, and erector spinae
Lower Crossed Syndrome. Give whats weak/inhibited and whats tight/facilitated.
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