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Islam Expands

Islam Chapter
STUDY
PLAY
Ali
Muhammad's son-in-law, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs.
Baghdad
Capital of Abbasid dynasty located in Iraq.
Caliph
Successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims.
Calligraphy
Writing that became Islam's highest art form.
Damascus
The chosen city by the Umayyad Caliphs in Syria to be their capital.
Dome of the Rock
Mosque in Jerusalem where Muhammad ascended to heaven. Third holiest sight in Islam.
Mecca
The holiest city of Islam and Muhammad's birthplace. Considered the religious capitol of Islam.
Mosaic
Art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
Moors
The group of Muslims from North Africa who conquered Spain in the eighth century.
Optics
The study of how light behaves.
Protected Peoples
The Muslim classification used for Hindus, Christians, and Jews; they were allowed to follow their religions but had to pay a special tax.
Shari'a
A body of law governing the lives of muslims.
Shi'a
Party of Ali, believed that all Caliphs need to be descendant of Muhammad.
Sunni
A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader can be any muslim and should be elected based on merit.
Sufi
A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means.
Tours
The city where Charles Martel defeated the Muslims stopping the spread of Islam into Western Europe.

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