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European Union Vocabulary
GOV Words for European Union Section
Terms in this set (20)
One of the European Union's four major bodies and currently has 27 members. One from each member state of the EU. They take responsibility for a particular area of policy with the main responsibility to initiate and implement new programs. Initiates new programs; does not take directions from national governments.
"Treaty of Rome" Calls for the Elimination of all tariffs between European nations and the creation of new ones that applied to all.
Council of Ministers
Hold frequent meetings and demonstrate the continuing power of the states.
Loss of direct control of political decisions by the people.
The executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union's treaties and day to day running of the EU.
European Central Bank
The central bank for Europe's single currency, the euro. The ECB's main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area.
Formed when the European heads of government signed the treaty on October 29th, 2004. Goal was to replace the overlapping sets of treaties that govern member-states interactions and to streamline decision-making.
Institution that defines the general priorities and goals of the European Union. Comprised of the heads of state or heads of government of the member countries, the President of the EU, the President of the Commission, and the High Representative.
European Court of Justice
Supreme court of the European Union and has the power of judicial review and settles disputes among member-states.
Elected EU body that consults on issues proposed by the European Commission. Directly elected by the people: smaller member-states have disproportionally greater representation: growing power.
European Monetary Union
the agreement among the participating member states of the European Union to adopt a single hard currency and monetary system.
Economic and political union of 28 member states that are located in Europe.
A process that encourages states to pool their sovereignty in order to gain political economic and social clout and binds states together with common policies and shared rules.
Signed in December 2007 and attempted to consolidate previous treaties that were still in force. This treaty strengthens a role for the European parliament, a greater involvement of national parliaments, clarification of the relationship between member states and the EU, withdrawal from the Union, the creation of a permanent president of the EU, and Introduction of a charter of fundamental rights.
Created in 1991 the Modern EU and gave it new authority in new areas, including monetary policy, foreign affairs, national security, transportation, the environment, justice and tourism.
Control of the money supply
Requirement for EU membership
The country must have stable institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities. The country must have a functioning market economy and must be capable of withstanding the pressure of competition and market forces in the European Union. The country must be able to assume all the obligations flowing from membership, including the aim of political, economic and monetary union and the countries must be in a position to implement all the EU's laws and regulations.
An organization, group, or union made of multiple countries that relinquish a certain amount of government power to the union.
Spheres of authority that include trade and other economic matters, justice and home affairs, and common foreign and security policy
Treaty of Amsterdam
1997 set major policy initiatives for judicial affairs, aim was to establish the free movement of European Union citizens throughout the union, setting policy regarding visas, asylum, and immigration, defined cooperation among national police forces
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