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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (21)
French for "elegant" or "tasteful," and referring to a stlyle of light pleasant music origination in France. It favored tune and accompaniment textures. An example would be J. C. Bach's first movement of the opera Ariano in Siria.
Beethoven used heroism and contemplative themes in most of his music as he battled deafness. He was the first composer to consider himself an artist, not an employee. This is important because, born to abusive parents, Beethoven channeled his emotions into his music, facilitating the transition into "I" music or more personal music.
Listening: C.P.E. Bach Symphony in D Major, First Movement
C-Question-Is this galant or empfindsamer style? How Can you tell?
Allegro di molto movement
A. Empfindsam, because of the use of short motives and rhythmic syncopation to create different textures.
Mozart Symphony No. 41 in C Major (Jupiter Symphony), Fourth Movement; coda
-What is unique about this section?
Molto Allegro movement
A. Mozart uses all four themes introduced throughout the piece at once, written in invertible counterpoint.
Material that appears earlier in a movement in a key other than the tonic returns before the movement ends in the tonic. Sonata form is important because it was the primary form used throughout the Viennese Classical era.
Haydn Symphony no. 100 in G Major (Military Symphony), Second Movement; end of the A section into the A prime section
C-Question: What unusual instruments are being used in this excerpt and why?
A: Trumpets, bass drum, cymbals, and triangle are being used to portray Turkish janissary band.
He became a choirboy and stayed with the church until he was 17, where he received a minimal education. He played a lot of pranks. He then went to work for the Esterhazy family. When he began receiving commissions, the Esterhazy's let him accept because they were afraid to lose him as an employee. He lived to be so old, everyone referred to him as "Papa Haydn." This is important because he was one of the most influential composers of the time. Also known as the "Father of Symphony"
Large work of four movements: the first movement is usually a faster sonata, second movement is slow, third is usually a form of dance, and fourth is another fast movement. Symphony is important because it was the most widely used form of orchestral piece in public concerts.
"Non piu andrai" from Mozart's "The Marriage of Figaro", Act 1 (B section back into the A section)
C-Question: Which character is speaking to which character and why?
A: Figaro is speaking to Cherubino because he was caught fooling around with a girl (Barbarina).
Haydn Symphony no. 100 in G Major (Military Symphony), Fourth Movement (end of the development with retransition into the recap)
C-Question: What is comedic about this excerpt?
A: Haydn uses an abrupt and unexpected rest as a punchline.
Beethoven Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, First Movement (secondary area closing into the coda)
C-question: What is peculiar about how the composer presents the rhythm?
A: Beethoven uses 17 consecutive strokes (then followed by 20) to disguise the meter
Mozart Piano Concerto in C major K. 467, First Movement (end of opening orchestral ritornello into the primary theme of the solo exposition)
C-Question: What form is this movement most likely in?
A: Sonata-concerto form.
A highly emotional musical style characterized by rapid and unpredictable changes in tempo, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, and texture. This is important because much of the music in the Viennese Classical era uses this style.
A style of comedic opera in which the lower class usually outwits/mocks the upper class. It is important because it is not only a genre of opera, but also a musical style used in other works.
Symphonies and operas were performed publicly as orchestras grew larger during religious occasions, or in restaurants/theaters. This is important because, up until this point, most music was private.
Economic system in which decisions on production and consumption of goods and services are based on voluntary exchange in markets.
As aristocracy had less money to commission composers with, anyone could pay a composer to write music. This was important because composers were no longer employees of one family.
J.C. Bach Overture to Adriano in Syria, 1st Movement, allegro con brio
C-question: What French-specific style of music does this piece exemplify? What are the qualities of this piece that would lead to this conclusion?
Opera overture, 1765
A. Galant. The piece favors a "theme and accompaniment" texture as opposed to more traditional counterpoint. The movement also opens with a octave unisons, the development with parallel thirds, and simpler, yet more directional harmonic language that finds favor within this style of music. The piece also maintains a light, sociable aspect of it throughout.
A piece with solo instrument and orchestra, often containing 3 movements that are typically fast-slow-fast. The first movement is usually in sonata concerto form. This is important because it was the best known variety of public instrument music in Vienna.
It was performed only by orchestra, usually before an opera, to quiet down and alert the crowd that the show was beginning. This is important because symphony later grew out of overture.
Haydn String Quartet in D Major
(Second Movement; secondary area closing into the development)
C Question: What is the main rhythmic marker of this excerpt?
A: The dotted rhythms.
Beethoven Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Fourth Movement; (beginning of the development into the retransition)
C question: What is interesting about the instrumentation?
A: This is the first time trombones are ever used in a symphony EVER!
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