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198 terms

Vocabulary Cartoons: SAT WORD POWER

pg. 15- 233 of the Vocabulary Cartoons: SAT words Power
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Abominate
to dislike strongly, to regard with intense aversion or loathing
Abridge
to shorten; to condense; to diminish; to curtail
Abyss
bottomless pit; a yawning gulf; a profound depth or void
Accolade
an award, an honor; approval, praise
Adjunct
something connected or added to another in a subordinate position; an assistant
Affidavit
a sworn written statement
Affinity
a natural attraction; kinship; similarity
Aftermath
events following some occurrence; a consequence of
Aggrandize
to increase in size; enlarge, to cause to appear greater in power, influence
Ajar
partially open
Alienate
to make hostile; to cause to feel unwelcome or estranged
Alleviate
to make less severe; to relieve, to lessen
Allure
to entice with something desirable; temp; power of attraction
Aloof
distant, reserved in manner; uninvolved
Also-Ran
one who is defeated in a race, election, or other competition; loser
Altercation
a heat quarrel
Alternative
the choice between two mutually exclusive possibilities, a situation presenting such a choice
Ambiance
mood, feeling; general atmosphere
Amenable
agreeable, responsible to authority, pleasant, willing to give in to the wishes of another
Amplify
to make larger, louder, or more powerful
Antecedent
going before; preceding; an occurrence or event preceding another
Anterior
situated in front
Appalling
filling with dismay; causing horror or consternation
Aptitude
capacity for learning; natural ability
Archaic
belonging to an earlier time, ancient; outdated
Arduous
hard, difficult, tiresome
Artisan
a worker skilled in a craft
Askew
to one side; crooked; awry; sidelong look of contempt
Aspire
to seek, attain, or achieve a goal
Assuage
to soothe; to make less severe; to satisfy, ease, lessen
Astute
quick in discernment; shrewd, clever, keen
Asunder
in separate parts; apart from each other in position
Atrophy
to wither away
Atypical
not typical, abnormal
Austere
stern, as in manner; without excess, unadorned, severely simple and plain
Badger
to tease, annoy, harass persistently
Ballistics
the study of the dynamics or flight characteristics of projectiles
Balm
something that heals or comforts; soothing; an oil or ointment
Beget
to give birth to; to create
Beleaguer
to besiege; beset, surround, harass
Bereave
suffering the death of a loved one; left alone
Beset
to harass; to surround
Bizarre
extremely unconventional or far-fetched
Blather
to talk nonsensically
Bleak
depressing, discouraging, harsh, cold, barren, raw
Bludgeon
to hit or attack with heavy impact; a short, heavy think club that has one end larger than the other
Bucolic
rural or rustic in nature, country-like
Bulwark
a defensive wall; something serving as a principal defense
Cache
a hiding place, or the objects hidden in a hiding place
Cacophony
harsh sounds
Cajole
to wheedle, coax, or persuade someone to do something they didn't want to
Callous
unfeeling, insensitive
Callow
immature and inexperienced
Candor
truthfulness, sincere honesty
Capacious
roomy, able to hold much
Castigate
to criticize harshly, usually with the intention of correcting wrongdoing
Catapult
to launch; a device for hurling objects, a slingshot
Catharsis
an emotional or psychological cleansing that brings relief or renewal
Caucus
a meeting of the members of a political party to make decisions; to assemble in or hold a caucus
Cerebral
of or relating to the brain or the intellect
Certify
to confirm formally; verify
Chasm
a deep opening in the earth's surface; a gorge; differences of opinion, interests, loyalties
Chattel
an item of personal, movable property; slave
Chide
to scold; to voice disapproval
Chronic
continuing for a long time; continuous
Circa
at, in or of approximately; at an estimated historical time period
Citadel
a fortress overlooking a city; a stronghold
Claimant
a person making a claim
Cloister
a tranquil, secluded place
Commodious
spacious, roomy, capacious
Comprise
to consist of; to include, to contain, to be made up of
Congenial
pleasant to be around; social, agreeable
Connoisseur
an expert, particularly in matters of art and taste
Consensus
general agreement
Coterie
a circle of close associates or friends
Countenance
a person's face, especially the expression
Coup
the violent overthrow of a government by a small group; a victorious accomplishment
Couture
fashion designs; clothes created by fashion designers
Cower
to cringe in fear; to shrink away
Cranny
a small opening as in a wall or rock face
Craven
lacking the least bit of courage; cowardly
Creditor
a person or entity to whom money is owed
Criterion
a standard or rule by which something can be judged; a basis for judgment
Cubism
a style of art in which the subject matter is portrayed by geometric forms, especially cubes
Curtail
to truncate or abridge; to lessen, usually by cutting away from
Curvilinear
formed, bound, or characterized by curved lines
Damper
one that depresses or restrains; a dulling or deadening influence
Dauntless
fearless; unintimidated
Dearth
scarcity; lack
Debacle
a sudden calamitous downfall; collapse or failure
Debase
to lower in quality, character, or value
Decree
an order having the force of law
Deduce
to come to a conclusion by reasoning from the evidence
Defame
to libel or slander; take away a good name
Deft
skillful, dexterous
Demagogue
a leader who obtains power by appealing to the emotions and prejudices of the people
Demonic
one who works devilishly (a demon for work), having a persistent force or drive; fiendish
Demur
to object; to make exception
Denounce
to condemn; to expose critically
Desiccate
to dry out completely; dehydrate
Dilemma
a difficult situation where one must choose between two or more choices that seem unfavorable; any problem or predicament
Disparage
to belittle, say uncomplimentary things; to put down
Dispel
to drive away; to dissipate
Disperse
to scatter in various directions; distribute widely
Dissolution
the breaking up into parts; termination of a legal bond or contract
Divine
to foretell a prophecy; to infer, to guess
Docile
easily taught or controlled; obedient, easy to handle
Doldrums
a period or condition of depression or inactivity; a part of the ocean near the equator abounding in calms and squalls
Domain
a territory over which one rules, has influence or powers
Dormant
asleep or inactive
Draconian
hard, severe, cruel
Dromedary
a one-humped domesticated camel
Dulcet
melodious, soft, soothing; pleasing to the ear
Duress
hardship, restraint, confinement
Edifice
a building, especially one of imposing appearance or size
Efface
to rub away
Egalitarian
advocating the doctrine of equal rights for all citizens; a person adheres egalitarian beliefs
Elapse
to pass or go by (said of time)
Elfin
small and sprightly; mischievous, fairylike
Embellish
to beautify by adding ornaments; to add fanciful or fictitious details to
Embody
to give bodily form to; to personify; to make part of a system
Emit
to send or give out; to express, utter
Emulate
to attempt to equal or surpass; especially through imitation
Endure
to carry on through despite hardships; to put up with
Engulf
to surround or enclose completely
Enrage
to put in a rage; infuriate, anger
Enrapture
to delight, to thrill or give pleasure
Ensemble
a coordinated outfit or costume; a musical group
Entice
to lure, to attract, to tempt in a pleasing fashion
Entomb
to place in or as if in a tomb, or a grave
Entomology
the scientific study of insects
Entreat
to ask earnestly; to implore, plead, beg
Erudite
deeply learned, scholarly
Euphonious
pleasing to the ear
Evade
to elude or avoid by cunning; to flee from a pursuer
Evoke
to summon froth, call to mind, awaken, produce, suggest
Exhume
to dig up from a grave; to bring to light, uncover
Expunge
to remove; to delete; to erase
Facilitate
to make easier, to help bring about
Fathom
to understand fully; to penetrate the meaning of
Fawn
to show affection
Feign
to give a false appearance; to pretend
Fester
to generate pus; to become a source of resentment or irritation
Fetish
any thing or activity to which one is irrationally devoted
Fickle
often changing for no reason; not loyal or consistent
Fjord
a long narrow inlet from the sea between steep cliffs or hills
Fleece
to defraud, swindle; also the wool of a sheep or similar animal
Forage
to search or hunt for food and provisions
Forbear
to do without; to leave alone; to refrain from; to abstain
Forsake
to abandon, to give up, to renounce
Fortuitous
good fortune occurring by accident or chance
Fraught
teeming with; laden; full; involving; accompanied by
Gamin
a neglected boy left to run about in the streets
Gazebo
an outdoor structure with a roof and open sides
Generalize
general rather than specific; to form a general conclusion
Giddy
a light-headed sensation; dizzy; lightheartedly silly
Gird
to encircle as with a belt; to prepare as for action
Girth
the distance around something; circumference
Gloat
to brag greatly
Glutton
one who eats or consumes a great deal; having capacity to receive or withstand something
Gossamer
delicate floating cobwebs; a sheer gauzy fabric; something delicate, light, flimsy
Grandiloquent
attempting to impress with big words or grand gestures
Grandiose
grand and impressive, especially flashy and showy
Guile
cunning, deceitfulness; artfulness
Guise
appearance, semblance
Harangue
to lecture, berate; a long bombastic speech
Harrowing
extremely distressing; disturbing or frightening
Herbicide
a substance used to destroy plants, especially weeds
Histrionic
overly dramatic, theatrical
Hoard
to accumulate for future use; stockpile
Hovel
a small, miserable dwelling; an open, low shed
Husbandry
management of resources, especially in agriculture
Idiosyncrasy
a behavioral quirk; a person's idea about behavior different from others
Impede
to obstruct or interfere with; to delay
Incite
to arouse to action
Incongruous
not appropriate, unsuited to the surroundings; not fitting in
Infamy
an evil reputation; extreme disgrace
Insouciant
calm and carefree; lighthearted
Intervene
to come between; to mediate, to occur between times
Inveigle
to tempt or persuade by using deception or flattery
Irascible
easily angered, irritable
Joust
to engage in combat or competition; any combat suggestive of a joust
Karma
fate, destiny; the force generated by a person's good or bad actions
Laconic
brief, using few words
Lament
to express sorrow or regret; to mourn
Languish
to become weak or feeble; sag with loss of strength
Lassitude
a condition of weariness; fatigue
Laudable
worth or deserving of praise
Lax
careless, negligent; not tense, slack
Legacy
something handed down from one who has gone before or from the past; a bequest
Lesion
wound, injury; especially one created by a disease
Lethargy
laziness, tiredness; languor
Lexicon
a dictionary; vocabulary terms used in or of a particular profession, subjective, or style
Lieu
instead of; in place of
Loiter
to remain in an area without any specific reason; to lag behind
Maim
to disable or disfigure, to cripple
Marauder
a raider, intruder
Abhor
to hate very much, to detest utterly