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intellectual movement at the heart of Italian Renassance that focused on wordly subjects rather then or religious issues
right the Spanish goverment granted to its AMerican colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans
economic cylce that involves a rapid rice in prices linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money available
loosely organized system of goverment in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord
economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
ruler with complete authority over the goverment and lives of the people he or she governs
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver
formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's defense
name for Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain in the 1500's and 1600's
person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was an American-born descendent of Spanish settlers
representative who ruled one of Spain's provinces in the Americas in the king's name; one who governed in INdia in the name of the British monarch
States that no people can be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Five Pillars to Islam
1) Believe in one God, 2) daily prayer, 3)Charity to the poor,
4) fasting, 5)the hajj
the great charter, contained 2 basic ideas: the nobles had certain rights, monarchs most obey the law;
movement that in the 1500's the reform unleashed forces that would shatter Christianity
Edict of Nantes
Henry IV issuded it in 1598, granted Huguenots religious toleration and let them fortify their own towns and cities
affirmed principle that abolished excessive fines and cruel or unjust punishment, states that no person can be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
port that is free of ice all year, Both Peter and Catherine were determined to get this to improve Russian trade with west, Catherine the Great got one in the Black Sea
the leader was Pope Paul III, during 1530's- 1540's tried to role back protestant tide, end corruption within papacy itself, and tried to recieve the moral of the Church,
Thirty Years' War
war with both Political nd religious views, France winner, Hapsburg big losers, divided Germany into 360 states
Treaty of Paris
Treaty in 1763, officialy ended world-wide war, treaty ensured British dominance in North America,
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