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the process of protein sythesis
Terms in this set (34)
type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome
sequence of three bases on a strand of mRNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
complementary base pairing
In DNA, T pairs with A; G pairs with C;
RNA, U pairs with A and G pairs with C
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
A part of the cell containing DNA
building block of protein
pairs with uracil in RNA
pairs with guanine
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, uracail
sugar in DNA
sugar in RNA
consists of a phosphate group, sugar, and nitrogen base
process by which a section of DNA is used to produce a single-stranded RNA molecule
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis
organelle where amino acids are bonded together to form proteins
building blocks of proteins
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins.
What is C? It takes the information in a gene from the nucleus to a ribosome in the cytoplasm.
What is A? A three base sequence on an mRNA molecule that codes for a specific amino acid
the place where transcription takes place
ribosome in the cytoplasm
the place where translation takes place
What process is shown in this diagram?
Enzyme that opens and copies DNA into a strand of mRNA
a change in the DNA of a gene
gene mutation in which a single base pair in DNA has been changed
frame shift mutation
mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
a mutation must occur in this type of cell in order to be passed on to offspring
A mutation that changes a single nucleotide, but does not change the amino acid created.
ribosomal RNA; type of RNA that makes up part of the ribosome
long chain of amino acids that makes proteins
If a mutation occurs in this type of cell, it WILL NOT be passed on to the offspring but could result in an increased risk of cancer.
If a mutation happens in the production of one of these cells, it can be passed on (inherited) by the next generation. Can result in diseases or variation within the species.
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