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frameshift mutation- biology
Terms in this set (28)
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix
a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the histones
modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's new home each side of the DNA strand attack to matching nucleotides to create 2 exact copies. It is important in puberty and other times of growth as it is the reproducing of your cells.
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
has two rings/ adenine & thymine
A class of nucleotides that includes cytosine, thymine, and uracil
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule, and a phosphate group
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes. Histones form octamers around which DNA is wound to form a nucleosome.
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
A noncoding, intervening sequence within a eukaryotic gene.
The protein-coding region in the DNA.
A segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
any event that changes genetic structure
A mutation due to an intramolecular reorganization of a gene
series of genes that controls the organs and tissues that develop in various embryos
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis
type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
frame shift mutation
mutation that shifts the reading frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
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