33 terms

Call to Freedom Chapter 21

Chapter 21 about Cuba, Mexico, Panama Canal, Spanish War etc.
the practice of building an empire by founding colonies or conquering other nations
William H. Seward
1867 Secretary of State, arranged the purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million, less than 2 cents per acre, known as "Seward's Folly" or the "Alaskan Icebox"
avoiding involvement in the affairs of other countries
McKinley Tariff
law allowed countries to ship sugar duty-free to the US, gave sugar producers a subsidy
bonus payment by the government
Queen of Hawaii, presented a new constitution that returned power to the monarchy
Matthew Perry
Commodore sent by Pres. Fillmore to secure "friendship, commerce, a supply of coal and provisions." went to Japan to settle a trading plan with them, presented the things that US can offer, created a treaty opening trade, P.S. not the actor on Friends
spheres of influence
areas where foreign nations could control trade and natural resources
Open Door Policy
announced by Secretary of State, John Hay, main argument of this policy was that all nations should have equal access to trade with China
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese nationalists who were members of a group called Fist of Righteous Harmony, name from foreigners because of boxing rituals, angered by foreign involvement of China's affairs
yellow journalism
an exaggerated newspaper story to sell the newspapers
Joseph Pulitzer
publisher of the New York World newspaper
William Randolph Hearst
publisher of the New York Journal, "You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war."
Teller Amendment
stated that the US had no interest in taking control of Cuba
Emilio Aguinaldo
rebellion leader who was the aid to the US to capture Manila, Philippines
Anti-Imperialist League
Americans who opposed the peace treaty between the US and Spain created this league, accuse the US of building a colonial empire
Platt Amendment
limited Cuba's right to make treaties and allowed the US to intervene in Cuban affairs, also required Cuba to sell or lease land to the US for naval stations
John Hay
Secretary of State, negotiated the Hay-Pauntefote Treaty with Britain in 1901, negotiated all treaties having to do with the Panama Canal
Hay-Herran Treaty
1903, US pay $10 million + $250,000 a year for a 99-yr lease on a strip of land across the isthmus
Philippe Bunau-Varilla
chief engineer of the French Canal Company, created alternate solution, created the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
agreement closely resembled the Hay-Herran Treaty, one exception was that the canal zone was widened 10 miles
Panama Canal
6,000 died during the process, opened 8-15-1914, cost was $375 million + $300 million spent on in failed French effort, "highway between the oceans"
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt's Big Stick plan in result of the Monroe Doctrine, created him the police officer of the Western Hemisphere
dollar diplomacy
influence Latin American governments through economic intervention, Taft's result to the Monroe Doctrine
Porifirio Diaz
30 yrs of being the pres. of Mexico, ruled harshly
Francisco Madero
democratic reformer, began the Mexican Revolution in 1910, forced Diaz to resign and became pres.
Victoriano Huerta
had Madero killed and became pres.
Venustiano Carranza
went against Huerta and gained support of Mexico
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
led the rebels in the north against Huerta
Emiliano Zapata
led the rebels in the south against Huerta
ABC Powers
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, offered to negotiate a dispute
John J. Pershing
sent by Wilson to chase Villa and failed to capture him
an addition or take control