406 terms

English for IT Business


Terms in this set (...)

A / B testing
the practice of comparing two versions of online content in order to see which version performs better
the act of officially ending or stopping something
the act of coming into the possession of a right, title, office, etc.
according to schedule
as planned
the obligation of an individual or organization to account for its activities, accept responsibility for them, and to disclose the results in a transparent manner
recognition of the existence or truth of something
a social condition that affects a society because of the elevated number of individuals striving to be wealthy
after-sales service
the service such as maintenance and repairs that company provides after customer buys their product
a list of things to be discussed or done at a meeting
ahead of schedule
to be completed earlier than planned
open to more than one interpretation
old hand
a person who has long experience, especially in one place
annual percentage rate
a standardized method of quoting the effective interest rate (actual cost of credit) on consumer loans
a serious, urgent, or heartfelt request
application programming interface
the interface used for building web applications
a way of dealing with a situation or problem
buying or selling of securities, currency, or commodities in different markets to make the best profit
a particular part or feature of something
the part of a computer system or application that is not directly accessed by the user, typically responsible for storing and manipulating data
backward compatibility
a property of a system, product or technology that allows for interoperatibility with an older, legacy system
balance sheet
a financial statement that reports assets, liabilities and owner's equity on a specific date
business continuity plans
plan to help ensure that business processes can continue during a time of emergency or disaster
big data
term for collections of data that are so large they can't be processed through traditional data processing systems
board of directors
a group of people elected by stockholders of a corporation to set the policies for the corporation
an additional payment to employees as a means of increasing output
bottom line
a net income after tax
bounce rate
the percentage of visitors to a website who leave the website quickly without really looking at it
branch office
subsidiary of a company that exists and conducts operations in a country other than the one in which the company is headquartered
a combination of name, words, design or symbols that identifies the product and its brand
a newspaper with a large format, regarded as more serious and less sensationalist than tabloids
budget estimate
an approximation of the cost of an activity, job, program or project, prepared for budgeting and planning purposes only
budgetary control
a methodical control of an organization's operations through establishment of standards and targets regarding income
business enterprise
in general, any endeavor where the primary motive is profit and not mere employment for oneself and others
business failure
the act of closure or cessation of business activity that results in a loss to its creditors
business plan
a written description of the business idea and how it will be carried out
the act of purchase of shares of a firm by its own management
the internal rule book that every incorporated organization must have and work by
wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
a heading or title, as of a chapter, article, or page
cash flow
the amount of money moving into and out of a business
a meeting at which people discuss what has happened since the last time they met
a principle, aim, or movement to which one is committed and which one is prepared to defend or advocate
the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly
charitable trust
a society created for advancement of education, promotion of public health and comfort, relief of poverty, furtherance of religion, or any other good cause
chief executive officer
the corporate executive responsible for the operations of the company
chief financial officer
the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances
chief operating officer
the person who is responsible for the daily operation of the company
chief technology officer
exectutive-level position in a company whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues
an assertion that something is true
confidential, restricted, secret, or top-secret
click through rate
the percentage of users who click on links in web pages or marketing emails
cloud computing
storing and accessing data and programs over the internet instead of a hard drive
a combination or alliance, especially a temporary one between persons, factions, states, etc.
an improper use of authority, physical force, or other such advantage, by a party to compel another to submit to the wishes of its wielder
coercive power
an authority or power that is dependent on fear, suppression of free will, and / or use of punishment or threat, for its existence
a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances without apparent causal connection
colour scheme
a combination of colours that has been chosen for particular design
colour theory
the study of colour mixing and visual effects of specific colour combinations
a paid advertisement on radio or TV
willing, eager, or able to talk or impart information
a conflict management style that emphasizes assertiveness and minimizes cooperation
another business that is trying to perform better than your business and others in the same market
act of conforming, acquiescing or yielding
computer-aided design
type of software that allows users to create 2D and 3D design and modelling
concentrated marketing
the act od growth strategy in which resources of a firm are focused on a well-defined market niche or population segment
the act of yielding, as a right, a privilege, or a point or fact in an argument
the practice of bringing together the parties in a dispute with an independent third party, so that the dispute can be settled through a series of negotiations
the end or finish of an event, process, or text
an idea or opinion that's been agreed by everyone
following as a result or effect
an association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments
content curation
the process of gathering information relevant to a particular topic or area of interest
content management
a set of processes and technologies that supports the collection, managing, and publishing of information in any form or medium
corporate governance
a framework of rules and practices by which a board of directors ensures accountability, fairness, and transparency in a company's relationship with its all stakeholders
costing a lot, expensive
a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation
decisive or critical, especially in the success or failure of something
cutthroat competition
a situation where competitors use predatory pricing and heavy promotion to eliminate or undermine their rivals
a piece separated from something, especially what remains when something is being trimmed or prepared
data center
a repository for managing, storing and disseminating information and data that is organized around a specific business or body of knowledge
data mining
the practice of examining large amounts of data in user databases and websites to find some patterns
data visualisation
the use of graphs, charts, tables, infographics, etc. in order to define and communicate data being analyzed and the findings that come from it
a promissory note or a corporate bond which (in the US) is backed generally only by the reputation and integrity of the borrower and (in the UK) by the borrower's specific assets
a body of delegates or representatives
deputy chairman
someone who is directly below a chairman / boss in rank
the process of establishing something exactly by calculation or research
development operations
a software development process that focuses on helping development, operations, and quality teams understand each other and collaborate better
a formal pronouncement of belief or opinion considered weighty because of the authority
a formal and usually mandatory executive order or official pronouncement on a policy or procedure, or one which encourages or discourages some activity
the act of breaking up of a total, integrated whole into smaller elements, parts, or units, usually for easier handling or management
recognizably different in nature from something else of a similar type
process of reducing the number of people working for company
the period of time when a computer, system etc. is offline
a preliminary version of a piece of writing
dress code
set of company rules about what clothing may and may not be worn at work
due to
caused by or ascribable to
relating to the commissioning or preparing of material for publication
the process of putting social media content on a web page
a management practice of sharing information and power with employees so that they can take initiative and make decisions to solve problems
end user
the person or group of people who will use the product
a gift of money or income producing property to a public organization for a specific purpose
likes, shares, comments, and other interactions with a business social media presence, used by companies to measure their social media performance
a person running in a bussines
set of tools or devices that a person needs for a special purpose
a bond, deed, or other document kept in the custody of a third party and taking effect only when a specified condition has been fulfilled
a general idea about value, size or cost of something based on a rough calculation
a rigorous analysis of completed or ongoing activities that determine or support management accountability, effectiveness, and efficiency
tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly
an act of kindness beyond what is due or usual
a newspaper or magazine article or a broadcast programme devoted to the treatment of a particular topic, typically at length
fiat money
inconvertible paper money made legal tender by a government decree
fixed job contract
an agreement beetwen an employer and an employee for finishing a particular task
fixed term contract
an agreement beetwen an employer and an employee for a defined time period
the person who establishes an organization
a collection of programs and components commonly used in software development
all the parts of a website that can be seen and interacted with by users
generic competition
a rivarly among products that are different, but solve the same problem or provide the same benefit or utility, such as audio cassettes and CDs
green technology
technically environment-friendly innovations that relate to safety, health, energy efficiency, renewable resources and recycling
grid system
set of columns and rows that can be used as guidelines to arrange content on a web page
growth hacking
creative use of technology and analytics in combination with product development to increase a company's growth
guiding principles
rules that guide an organization throughout its life in all circumstances, irrespective of changes in its goals, strategies, or the top management
the main office of a business company
hostile takeover
an acquiring a firm despite the disapproval of, or open resistance from, its board of directors
hot desking
a method of working in which people do not have their own desk in an office but use any desk that is available at particular time
hybrid app
a program that can run on various devices
in accordance with the highest standards
income tax
a tax that you have to pay on your profit
a sign or piece of information that points to something
single, separate
certain to happen
someone who affects or changes the way that other people behave, for example through their use of social media
too small or unimportant to be worth consideration
an example or single occurrence of something
a process which translates an organization's code of conduct, mission, policies and strategic plans into action guidelines applicable to the daily activities of its employees
integrated development environment
a software application that includes tools like source code editors, debuggers and build automation tools
strict adherence to a moral code, reflected in transparent honesty and complete harmony in what one thinks, says, and does
internal control
systematic measures instituted by an organization to safeguard its assets and resources, ensure accuracy and completeness of its accounting data
an itemized catalog or list of tangible goods or property, or the intangible attributes or qualities
an itemized bill showing the list of goods sold, their prices and the total amount to be paid
an important topic or problem for debate or discussion
junior partner
a partner whose level of involvement is less than that of the senior partners
labour market
the nominal market in which workers find paying work, employers find willing workers, and wage rates are determined
the vertical distance between lines of text on a website
learning curve
how much time is needed to learn something new
such as well might happen or be true
a group of people seeking to influence legislators on a particular issue
the act of attempting to influence business and government leaders to create legislation or conduct an activity that will help a particular organization
long-term liabilities
obligations of the enterprise that are not payable within one year of the balance sheet date
management information system
an organized approach to the study of the information needs of an organization's management at every level in making tactical decisions
marginal cost
the increase or decrease in the total cost of a production run for making one additional unit of an item
market research
the study you do to collect information about what your customers need or prefer in a certain product or service
market structure
the interconnected characteristics of a market, such as the number and relative strength of buyers and sellers and degree of collusion among them, level and forms of competition
marketing automation
use of software or online services to automate repetitive marketing tasks like emails, social media posts etc.
matrix organization
an organizational structure that facilitates the horizontal flow of skills and information
a date when you must pay obligations
memorandum of association
a document that regulates a company's external activities and must be drawn up on the formation of a registered or incorporated company.
showing great attention to detail
subset of traditional blogs, where instead of longform content, short messages consisting of a few sentences are shared
middle management
people responsible for implementing the bosses policies and plans
an important thing in the devepment or in someone's life
giving the wrong idea or impression
mission statement
a written declaration of an organization's core purpose and focus that normally remains unchanged over time
the process of converting something that once was free into a product that is sold
mood board
a collection of content used to represent the visual style of a website (or any creative project)
ability to do more than one thing at the same time
experienced or done by each of two or more parties towards the other or others
using contacts with friends or family members as a means of finding job leads
not safe for work
something not suitable for work
a thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress
on schedule
on time, as planned
operational expenditure
a business goal which seeks to reduce inefficiencies and increase quality
the action of resisting or combating
the way a thing turns out
a process of restoring and maintaining an equipment or machine in a serviceable condition
a party that possesses the exclusive right to hold, use, benefit from, enjoy, convey, transfer, and otherwise dispose of an asset or property
a total sum required to pay workers and employees during a week, month or other period
peer review
an evaluation of the performance, or the quality of work, of a member of a member of the same group by the experts drawn from that group
an official punishment, usually through a fine or other payment, for breaking a contract
per annum
by the year
a collection of drawings, designs, or other papers that represent a person's work
a condition where people's basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met
to praise
express warm approval or admiration of
a measure taken in advance to prevent something dangerous, unpleasant, or inconvenient from happening
the quality, condition, or fact of being exact and accurate
influenced by personal opinion
a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist
a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group
the act of business conducted at a formal or official event or meeting
progressive web application
webpage that delivers an app-like experience to users
the situation of owning something
an apparent probability of advancement, success, profit, etc.
on the condition or understanding that
a condition or requirement in a legal document
a fixed minimum number of eligible members who must be present at a meeting before any official business may be transacted
quota sampling
a method of gathering representative data from a group which contains people chosen out of specific subgroup
the act of selling off or closing down some plants or units to reorganize a firm's operations to be more in line with its core competencies, in the interest of efficiency, or as a cost cutting measure
a measure of your potential social media audience size
something done, felt, or thought in response to a situation or event
a process of finding new people to join an organization
red tape
a colloquial term for bureaucratic practice of hair splitting or foot dragging, blamed by its practitioners on the system
redundancy pay
a money that a company pays to workers who have lost their jobs because they are no longer needed
the action of mentioning or alluding to something
consider or think of in a specified way
closely connected or appropriate to what is being done or considered
deserving censure or condemnation
a formal expression of disapproval
an act of asking politely or formally for something
request for proposals
a document used in sealed-bid procurement procedures where a purchaser advises suppliers about contract type, terms of contract
a list of things you must do or things you need
responsive web design
the practice of designing websites so they adapt gracefully to any, different-sized devices
the act of bringing about a drastic internal change altering the relationships between different elements of an organization or system
money that a company receives, especially from selling goods or services
risk management
the identification, analysis, assessment, control, and avoidance, minimization, or elimination of unacceptable risks
sales control
management policies and practices aimed at ensuring that all sales are recorded, made at correct prices, and fulfilled to customers' satisfaction
sales funnel
an internet marketing method where potential customers are led through series of events or actions that can be mapped out in the shape of funnel
smart and knowledgeable
sea change
a large change
search engine marketing
a form of internet marketing that involves the promotion of websites by increasing their visibility in search engine results
search engine optimization
the internet marketing practice of optimizing a website so that it's more likely to show up in unpaid search results
carefully choosen as being the best or most suitable
relating to or involving the selection of the most suitable or best qualified
able and willing to work without being told what to do
someone who holds shares of stock in corporation
silent partner
a partner who shares risks and rewards of an enterprise or venture with other partners, but does not take part in its day-to-day management
single page application
a web app that loads a single HTML page and dynamically updates that page as the user interacts with the app
outlines or maps of the pages that make up a website showing the relationship between the components of the website
a little, not very serious mistake
a field of study that examines social and economic factors to better understand how the combination of both influences something
software development kit
a collection of tools and libraries used for developing applications for a specific device or operating system
sole proprietorship
a business that is owned and operated by only one person
a person who speaks
corporate divestiture accomplished through separation of a subsidiary from its parent firm to create a new corporate entity by issuing new shares
a person who speaks on behalf of the company
a person or organization that has interest or concern in a company
a meeting at which people stand rather than sit, they usually talk about things they have done recently
a new venture that is trying to discover a profitable business model for future success
early stage in the life cycle of an enterprise where the entrepreneur moves from the idea stage to securing financing, laying down the basis structure of the business, and initiating operations or trading
a very modern method
statutory duty
an obligation of a firm's directors or officers imposed by corporate legislation
strategic alliance
an agreement for cooperation among two or more independent firms to work together toward common objectives
a plan that's been carefully put together to achieve a certain goal
having a lower or less important position
below the usual or required standard
a brief statement or account of the main points of something
an ongoing close observation and collection of data or evidence, for a specified purpose or confined to a narrow sector
supply system
an equipment, facilities, methods, and personnel employed in accurate and timely provision of items required in a process, program, or project
a situation which a company gets control of another company by buying enough of its shares
target date
the date to complete something by
to be tasked with
to be given a task
a means by which governments finance their expenditure by imposing charges on citizens and corporate entities
work that involves working at home, usually on a the computer
to accede
to agree to a demand, request, or treaty
to achieve the target
to succeed in reaching the goal
to assess
evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of
to assume
to suppose to be the case
to authenticate
to prove that someone is a particular person
to authorize
to give official permission for something to happen, or to give someone official permission to do something
to found
to bring something into existence
to be on the ball
to be alert and sure not to make any mistakes
to bite off more than you can chew
to accept too much work or a project that is too big or difficult, so you might not be able to complete it
to brainstorm
to spend time thinking up lots of ideas on a topic or problem
to break
to transfer something to the public
to convince
to cause (someone) to believe firmly in the truth of something
to create a budget
to make a plan on the amount of money to spend and how to spend it
to decentralize
to move the control of an organization from single place to several smaller ones
to decrease the budget
to take away from the amount of money that you planned to spend
to deserve
to do something or have or show qualities worthy of
to discharge
to pay back a debt completely
to dismiss
to treat as unworthy of serious consideration
to drop the ball
to make a mistake, especially by doing something in a stupid or careless way
to emphasize
to give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing
to evaluate
to form an idea of the amount, number, or value of something
to exert
to make a physical or mental effort
to face
to confront and deal with or accept
to facilitate
to make things easier and help them run more smoothly
to get the ball rolling
to start something, usually a project or process
to give the green light
to give the signal to begin
to include
to contain parts or any part or element, as a whole does
to increase the budget
add more money to the amount you planned to spend
to interchange
to exchange (things) with each other
to issue
to send out or put forth / promulgat / distribut
to launch
to begin something such as a plan or introduce something new such as a product
to lodge
to put something in a safe place
the process of preserving a condition or situation or the state of being preserved
to mediate
to intervene in a dispute in order to bring about an agreement or reconciliation
to merge
to amalgamate two firms on roughly equal terms into one new legal entity
to negate
to cause something to have no effect
to negotiate
to have a formal discussion with someone in order to reach an agreement with them
to omit
to leave out or exclude, either intentionally or forgetfully
to outsource a task
to pay another company to do the task
to overdo
to do, use, or carry to excess
to overhear
to hear (someone or something) without meaning to or without the knowledge of the speaker
to pledge
a give a security on a loan
to plug
to mention (a product, event, or establishment) publicly in order to promote it
to pull strings
to use power or influence to make something although it is usually difficult or impossible
to put on the map
to make something well-known
to reproach
to express to (someone) one's disapproval of or disappointment in their actions
to reimburse
to give back the amount of money that someone has spent
to respond
to say something in reply
to restore
to bring back or re-establish (a previous right, practice, or situation)
to set deadlines
to set the dates when a job must be finished
to shrink
to become smaller or to make something smaller
to sign off the project
to formally approve and accept the project as finished
to start from scratch
to start new from nothing
to stay on budget
to keep within the amount of money you plan to use, and refuse to spend more
to stick to the plan
to refuse to change from what you have decided, no matter what happens
to supervise
to direct and be in charge of someone or something
to think outside the box
to think of solution that is different to what is normally done or to think of an unusual creative solution to a problem
to touch base
to talk to someone for a short time to find out how they are or what they think about something
to tweak
to change something slightly, epecially in order to make it more correct, effective or suitable
to withdraw
to discontinue or no longer provide
total quality management
applying quality management principles to those aspects of manufacturing practices and processes that affect the quality of environment
touch and go
having an uncertain, and possibly bad result
a name or symbol on a product that shows it was made by a company and it cannot be used by other companies
total amount of users who visit a website
a person who is responsible for an organization's money
a wealthy, powerful person in business or industry
agreement by all people involved
a guaranty, promise, or stipulation that creates an obligation
the period of time when a computer, system etc. works without any problem
user experience
person's perceptions and responses resulting from the use or anticipated use of a product, system or service
user flow
the path typical users take when starting on a website and moving toward an action on the site
user interface
everything designed into an information device with which a user may interact
user persona
a theoretical user profile created by UX and web designer to define what kind of user a website is built for
user research
investigating how users behave on a website and examining how that behavior can lead to a better website experience and design
user-generated content
a content (posts, photos, videos) created by users about a brand or product and not by companies or organizations themselves
version control
a tool used to keep track of changes to code and files on a website or app allowing the user to go back and restore earlier versions
spreading or becoming popular very quickly through communication from one person to another, especially on the internet
visual aid
a thing like chart, picture, map, etc. that makes it easier for the audience to understand something
web app
a website that looks and feels like an app
at all (used for emphasis)
a method of dissolving a business by selling off its assets and satisfying the creditors from the proceeds of the sale
sketches of the key information that goes on each page of a website, essentially showing the site
word of mouth
a process of telling people you know about a particular product, usually because you think it is good
work ethic
the principle that hard work is intrinsically virtuous or worthy of reward
kludge solution
a haphazard or makeshift solution to a problem and especially to a computer or programming problem
a person whose job is to supervise someone or something
the crime of getting money by deceiving people
very good at thinking of new and original ideas
to get rid of
to remove something that you do not want any longer
all of the activities that make a software system available for use
to elaborate
to add more information to or explain something that you have said
a diagram that shows the stages of a process
a previously agreed period of time during which a person or a team works steadily towards completion of some goal
copyright holder
a person who holds copyright on something
copyright piracy
the illegal activity of copying and selling content for which you do not own the copyright
to alter
to change the appearance, character, or structure of something, or to be changed in this way
to accelerate
to happen or make something happen sooner or faster
not able to be done or made to work
to meet a need
to provide what is needed
a person who is expert in or enthusiastic about technology, especially computing
old-fashioned or outdated
to uninstall
to remove (an application or file) from a computer
to download
to copy (data) from one computer system to another, typically over the Internet
to upload
to transfer (data) from one computer to another, typically to one that is larger or remote from the user or functioning as a server
a person who uses computers to gain unauthorized access to data
a relationship between two things or situations, especially where one affects the other
visual images produced by computer processing
a symbol or graphic representation on a screen of a program, option, or window
a device for examining, reading, or monitoring something
another term for central processing unit
operating or operated at a distance by means of radio or infrared signals
the most important detail or information in a document, etc.
to input
to put (data) into a computer
facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis
a structured set of data held in a computer, especially one that is accessible in various ways
the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place
a group or system of interconnected people or things
an installation for the manual control of telephone connections in an office, hotel, or other large building
old or discarded articles that are considered useless or of little value
to garble
to reproduce (a message, sound, or transmission) in a confused and distorted way
a computer file that is sent together with an email message
to forward
to send (a letter or email) on to a further destination
entered or recorded on an official list or directory
the extent of the area or subject matter that something deals with or to which it is relevant
a system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives
reacting quickly and positively
unwilling to help others or do what they ask
not influenced by, not showing, or not involving personal feelings
willing to fit in with someone's wishes or needs
"done without delay; immediate"
to decline
to politely refuse (an invitation or offer)
an official agreement intended to resolve a dispute or conflict
"able to be replaced or done without; superfluous"
a thing added to something else in order to complete or enhance it
the action of notifying someone or something
"not taking someone or something into account; except"
the action of signed up or being signed up
an instance of resuming something after an interruption
a document giving official permission
to license
authorize the use, performance, or release of (something)
the fact of having a right to something
permission for something to happen or agreement to do something
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently
enterprise resource planning
a relational database based, multi-module but integrated, software system for identifying and planning the resource needs of an enterprise
an assumed value of the attractive force that generates sales revenue in a business, and adds value to its assets
production planning
the administrative process within a manufacturing business ensuring that sufficient raw materials are ready to create finished products
the state or condition of yielding a financial profit or gain
the set of basic principles and associated guidelines, formulated and enforced by the governing body of an organization
the precautionary or counter measure available to an entity that enables it to protect itself or its interests in case of an attack
working group
a collection of individuals that come together to achieve a stated objective
to collaborate
to work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor
risk avoidance
taking steps to remove a hazard, engage in alternative activity, or otherwise end a specific exposure
a departure from correct, legal, proper, or reasonable use
implementation plan
a detailed listing of activities, costs, expected difficulties, and schedules that are required to achieve the objectives of the strategic plans
a consistent and recurring characteristic that helps to identify a phenomenon or problem, served as an indicator for predicting its behaviour