31 terms

Ch 8: Professional Competence and Training

Issues and Ethics in Helping Professions Cory 8th ed
STUDY
PLAY
Competence
Skills and training required to effectively treat clients in a specific area of practice (Ethical and legal concept)
Counselor practice only within the boundaries of competence based on:
1. Education
2. Training
3. Supervised Experience
4. State and national professional credentials
5. Appropriate prefessional experience
What two areas should counselors strive to have competence?
1. Emotional competence (ch. 2)
2. competence with individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds (ch. 4)
What should new counselors do to learn competence?
-Work with colleagues or professionals with more experience than them
-Continue to educate selves by attending conferences, workshops, and courses
Counselor's two areas for boundaries:
1. Personally (is this too close to home for me?)
2. Professionally (when am I practicing beyond my training?) Need to be ware of extent of one's competency
Note: the ethics codes for professional competence according to the American Counseling Association(ACA) (2005):
"Counselors practice only within the boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, state and national professional credentials, and appropriate professional experience. Counselors gain knowledge, personal awareness, sensitivity, and skills pertinent to working with a diverse client population." (C.2.a.)
Note: the ethics codes for professional competence according to the American Psychological Association(APA) (202):
"Psychologists provide services, teach, and conduct research with populations and in areas only within boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, consultation, study, or professional experience." (2.01.a.)
Possible high-risk clients:
a. Involved in litigation
b. Present a threat of harming others
c. Serious personality disorder
What should be understood by counselors who accept high-risk clients?
-the emotional and time demands involvement
When should a counselor refer a client?
When:
-Counselors become aware that they do not have skills to offer client needed services
-Counselors' value system is in direct conflict with client behavior, which will hinder the relationship
How should a counselor refer a client?
-Through referring clients to the proper type and caliber of services available in the community
Formative Assessment
a developmentally informed process that provides useful feedback during one's training and throughout one's professional career.
Summative Assessments
An end point evaluation typically competed at the end of a professional program or when applying for licensure status.
What does the Formative assessment and the Summative assessment provide for a counselor?
Together these assessments address an individual practitioner's strengths and provides useful information for developing remedial education plans for the person whose competence is being evaluated.
What is the criteria required by the training programs in the selection process of candidates?
1. GPA
2. GRE (Graduate Record Examination)
3. Recommendation Letters
4. Essays
5. Interviews
What are the main purposes of training programs?
-Provide exposure to major contemporary counseling theories
-Teach students strengths and limitations of theories
-Combine academic and personal learning
-Screen candidates to protect public from incompetent practitioners
-Teach a range of skills to work with diverse clients
-Provide training in ethics
Psychological fitness
The emotional or mental stability necessary to practice safely and effectively.
Character
The honesty and integrity with which a person deals with others.
Character includes virtues such as integrity, prudence (evidence of good judgment), and caring.
What is the Gatekeeper's Role?
Protecting consumers by identifying and intervening with graduate students who exhibit problematic behaviors.
What are the core curriculum requirements for a LPC license?
1. Group Counseling
2. Social & Cultural Foundations
3. Human Growth & Development
4.Career Development
5. Counseling Theory & Practice
6. Appraisal of Individuals
7. Research & Evaluation
8. Professional Orientation
9.Practicum/Internship
Why is the following case significant, Custer's (1994) description of the lawsuit between a client and the Louisiana Tech's College of Education?
A case such as this makes it clear that specific competency standards for retaining and graduating counseling students are not only useful, but necessary.
-The client was found in favor with her claim that her life had been destroyed by incompetent therapy--she was awarded $1.7 million through the College and therapist.
Why is the following case significant, Board of Curators of the University of Missouri v. Horowits (Hermann, 1978)?
A case such as this makes it clear that students identified as lacking necessary qualifications in the university or the community can be dismissed for nonacademic reasons according to the United States Supreme Court.
-Student was dismissed for nonacademic reasons.
Why is the following case significant, Shuffer v. Trustees of California State University and Colleges (1977)?
A case such as this makes it clear that students may be required to perform an additional practicum or special requirements when the faculty determines a previous practicum or work unsatisfactory.
-Student had to do another practicum because of previous unsatisfactory work.
Why is the following case significant, Kerl and colleague's description of the lawsuit filed by a student against Southwest Texas State University (2002)?
A case such as this makes it clear that a student's professional performance competency is an academic concern.
--The Professional Counseling Performance Evaluation (PCPE) developed by the University played a key role in the court's judgment that ruled in favor of the university on all counts.
Licensure
-Governs professional practice
-Highlights uniqueness of an occupation
-Restricts both the use of title and practice of occupation
Certification
-Voluntary attempt by a group to promote professional identity
-Attempts to verify qualifications
-Sets minimum standards
-Doesn't assure quality practice
Registry
-Voluntary listing of individuals who use a title or provide a service
-Least degree of regulation of practice
ACA Specialties (8)
1.Career
2.College
3.Gerontological
4.Marriage & Family
5.Mental Health
6.Rehabilitation
7.Addictions
8.Sports Counseling
Secular level's ranking of titles (aka Turf Battles)
Psychiatrists
Psychologists
(Last 3 equal level)
Licensed Professional Counselors
Licensed Clinical Social Workers
Licensed Marriage & Family Therapists
What are the regulations for continuing education?
40 hours required every 2 years for psychologists
40 hours every 2 years for LPC
30 hours every 2 years for LCSW
What are the time limits to invest in continuing education?
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