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Monk-(480-543), Wrote the Holy Rule (Benedictine Rule) for monks


King of France, Converted everyone in his empire to the Roman Catholic Church. Those who refused were executed.


Frankish king who converted to Christianity in 496 leading the way for all the Germanic tribes

Mehmet the Conqueror

Conquered the Byzantine Empire, took Constantinople in 1453, renamed city Istanbul


Moved capital from Rome to Constantinople, named after him

Pre-Renaissance Worldview

We can do nothing except pray for god's forgiveness, the only goal in life is to get to heaven

Renaissance Worldview

Humans have god-like powers of reasoning and the ability to do great things, purpose of life is to do great things here on earth


Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture, an idea, a view of mankind and mankind's place and purpose here on earth, a new way of thinking about human life, Classical Civilization


Copied Manuscripts, converted people to christianity, preserved Greco-Roman culture during the dark ages


Converted his entire empire to Christianity, killed those who would not convert


Temporarily organized society by giving people very specific roles, provided order that would enable the agricultural revolution and the organization of agricultural production


Skilled raiders who converted to Christianity c. 1000, stopped raiding monasteries and other places in the Roman Empire

Global Warming

(800-1200) Caused invaders such as Vikings, Muslims and Maygars to stop invading and become farmers because farming was possible in regions where it hadn't been before

Agricultural Revolution

Developed three field system, use of horses, surplus agriculture enabled other professions which led to the development of towns and trade because not everyone had to grow their own food.

Three Field System

c. 800, new system of crop organization, same 600 acres divided before into two now divided into three, 200 acres for whiter crop of wheat or rye, 200 acres for spring crop of barley, oats, peas, or beans, remaining 200 acres lay fallow (empty)


Exchanged information and technology between Rome and Muslim Empire

The Plague

(1347-1349) Less people = labor shortage - higher paying jobs, more land to distribute among remaining population, Church had no answer/couldn't do anything about it, encouraged thought independent of the church


Conquered Constantinople under Mehmet the Conqueror, renamed Istanbul, opened city to all religions

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