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18 terms

Pre-Renaissance Quizzlet

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Benedict
Monk-(480-543), Wrote the Holy Rule (Benedictine Rule) for monks
Charlemagne
King of France, Converted everyone in his empire to the Roman Catholic Church. Those who refused were executed.
Clovis
Frankish king who converted to Christianity in 496 leading the way for all the Germanic tribes
Mehmet the Conqueror
Conquered the Byzantine Empire, took Constantinople in 1453, renamed city Istanbul
Constantine
Moved capital from Rome to Constantinople, named after him
Pre-Renaissance Worldview
We can do nothing except pray for god's forgiveness, the only goal in life is to get to heaven
Renaissance Worldview
Humans have god-like powers of reasoning and the ability to do great things, purpose of life is to do great things here on earth
Renaissance
Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture, an idea, a view of mankind and mankind's place and purpose here on earth, a new way of thinking about human life, Classical Civilization
Monks
Copied Manuscripts, converted people to christianity, preserved Greco-Roman culture during the dark ages
Charlemagne
Converted his entire empire to Christianity, killed those who would not convert
Feudalism
Temporarily organized society by giving people very specific roles, provided order that would enable the agricultural revolution and the organization of agricultural production
Vikings
Skilled raiders who converted to Christianity c. 1000, stopped raiding monasteries and other places in the Roman Empire
Global Warming
(800-1200) Caused invaders such as Vikings, Muslims and Maygars to stop invading and become farmers because farming was possible in regions where it hadn't been before
Agricultural Revolution
Developed three field system, use of horses, surplus agriculture enabled other professions which led to the development of towns and trade because not everyone had to grow their own food.
Three Field System
c. 800, new system of crop organization, same 600 acres divided before into two now divided into three, 200 acres for whiter crop of wheat or rye, 200 acres for spring crop of barley, oats, peas, or beans, remaining 200 acres lay fallow (empty)
Crusades
Exchanged information and technology between Rome and Muslim Empire
The Plague
(1347-1349) Less people = labor shortage - higher paying jobs, more land to distribute among remaining population, Church had no answer/couldn't do anything about it, encouraged thought independent of the church
Ottomans
Conquered Constantinople under Mehmet the Conqueror, renamed Istanbul, opened city to all religions