Ch. 6˸ General Anatomy & Physiology

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True or FALSE? The cell membrane prevents any type of substance from entering or leaving the cell.
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Terms in this set (61)
colorless, jelly like substance in which food elements are present Basic unit of all living thingsProtoplasmBasic unit of all living thingscellCarries messages to and from the brain, and controls and coordinates all body functionsNerve tissueCell divides into two identical cellsMitosisContracts and moves various parts of the bodyMuscle tissueFibrous tissue that binds together, protects and supportsConnective tissueMucous membranes, the lining of the heart, digestive and respiratory organsEpithelial tissuePlays an important part in cell reproduction and metabolismNucleusStudy of the functions and activities performed by the body's structures Study of the human body structures that can be seen with the naked eyePhysiologyStudy of the human body structures that can be seen with the naked eyeAnatomyPerforms the function of producing offspring and passing on the genetic code from one generation to another.Reproductive systemCarries waste and impurities away from the cells.lymphatic/immune systemForms the physical foundation of the body.Skeletal systemGroup of specialized glands that affect the growth, development, sexual functions, and health of the entire body.Endocrine systemServes as a protective covering and helps regulate the body's temperature.integumentary systemCovers, shapes, and holds the skeletal system in place.Muscular systemControls the steady movement of blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels.Circulatory systemResponsible for controlling and coordinating all other systems of the body.Nervous systemWhich type of tissue contracts and moves various parts of the body?Muscles tissueWhich muscles are also known as the smooth muscles?nonstriated musclesThe part of the muscle that does not move is the:OriginThe broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the:epicraniusThe muscle of the nose is the:Procerus muscleMuscular tissue can be stimulated by:electrical therapy current, massage, infrared lightMuscles that draw a finger inward are the:AdductorA(n) _________ muscle flexes the wrist.FlexorThe __________muscle raises the eyebrows and causes wrinkles across the forehead.FrontalisAbout _______ percent of the body weight is in muscles.40 to 50During the client consultation, Marcus mentions that he is currently under the care of a neurologist. Marcus is most likely being treated for an injury or disorder involving his _____ system.NervousMarcus tells Sabrina that for the last few months, he has not been able to detect moderate heat or cold with his fingertips. Which type of nerves are likely damaged?Sensory nervesDuring the hand massage portion of his manicure, Marcus tells Sabrina that his palm is tingling. Which nerve is causing the tingling sensation?Ulnar nervesT or F? The supraorbital artery and infraorbital artery are branches of the external carotid artery.FalseT or F? The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot.TrueT or F? The blood vessels are tube-like structures that can include the arteries.TrueT or F? Pulmonary circulation is also known as general circulation.FalseT or F? The circulatory system consists of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries that distribute blood throughout the body.TrueT or F? One of the chief functions of the blood is to carry carbon dioxide and waste products to the cells and tissues of the body.FalseT or F? Adults have over 60,000 miles of blood vessels in their bodies.TrueT or F? Veins are thick walled blood vessels that are elastic.FalseT or F? The facial artery is also known as the middle temporal artery.FalseT or F? The blood returning to the heart from the head, face, and neck flows on each side of the neck in two principal veins.TrueT or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?T or F?