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Introductory Sommelier - Germany
Terms in this set (40)
What latitudes are a majority of Germany's vineyards on?
49°N or above
Topography of Germany
Rolling hills with rivers and steep hillside vineyards on river banks
What type of soil are Germany's best vineyards?
heat-retaining soils and rocks such as slate and basalt.
German grape varieties
White: (70% of production)
Spatburgunder (Pinot Noir)
Wines without geographic indication
Wines with geographic indication
Regional wines, rarely exported
- Quality wine from one of 13 major regions called "Anbaugebiete"
- This category includes top trocken wines
- A subset of Qualitätswein categorized by
ripeness at harvest. There are six Prädikat
levels of quality. These wines are often, but
not necessarily, sweet.
What are the six prädikate levels of quality? (lowest to best in levels of quality, price and ripeness at harvest)
Trocken means what?
The Verband Deutscher Prädikatsweingüter, or VDP, is a German association of more than 200 top producers. Founded in 1910, this association is committed to quality by emphasizing the tradition of making dry riesling from the best terroir and vineyard sites. The quality levels the VDP has set forth are a more restrictive classification of vineyards, or einzellagen, designed to emulate the grand cru model of Burgundy.
GG (Grosses Gewächs)
These are dry, or trocken, wines from the top vineyard sites in the VDP Classification.
Germany's oldest winemaking region and one of the greatest locations for the pure expression of Riesling.
Mosel Location and Geography
-49°N parallel along the Mosel River
Cold continental, moderated by the Mosel River
-Very steep vineyards
-Facing south to capture the warmth of the sun
Slate that is porous yet heat-retaining
Mosel grape varieties
-Long growing season to achieve ripeness. Hard to achieve ripeness due to it being so far north. Grapes generally high in acid and low in sugar.
-Mainly stainless-steel fermentation.
-RS left in wine to counterbalance the intense acidity.
-Alcohol in the finished wine is usually low, often around just 8%
-South of the Mosel on the Rhine River with a backdrop of the Taunus Mountains
-Continental and slightly warmer than Mosel, being more southernly.
-Taunus Mountains provide protection.
-Rhine River reflects sunlight directly up into the vines.
Mixture of slate and others
One long south-facing slope on the north bank of the Rhein.
Rheingau Grape Varieties
- Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir)
More reliable ripeness than the Mosel
Two sub-regions of Rheingau
1. Schloss Johannisberg
2. Kloster Eberbach
Rheinhessen location and geography
Large, sprawling wine area just south of the Rheingau
Flat, fertile farmland
Red sandstone mixed with slate
Rheinhessen Grape Varieties
-Riesling (the best but not the most planted grape in the Rheinhessen)
• The Rheinhessen is the largest wine region in Germany. The best vineyards are found on a small strip along the steep west bank of the Rhein.
• Quality ranges from Liebfraumilch (e.g., Blue Nun) up to top vineyards for modern, dry Riesling. Specificity of village and vineyard is key.
Pfalz Location and Geography
• The Pfalz is geographically contiguous with Alsace, despite the important fact that the Rhine River separates the two regions.
• The Haardt Mountains provide a Rain Shadow for the area.
Sunny and dry climate, making this one of the warmest growing areas in Germany.
Pfalz Grape Varieties
- Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc)
- Grauburgunder (Pinot Gris)
- Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir)
• Because of its more southerly latitude and abundant sunshine, ripening is significantly less challenging than in most German regions
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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