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313 terms

Medical Terminology Tests 1-14

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Cardiology
The study of the heart.
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.
Gastrointestinal
Refers to the stomach and the intestines.
Cerebral
Pertaining to the brain.
Pathologist
Specialist in the study of diseases.
Nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney.
Spasm
Involuntary contractions.
-osis
Condition or disease.
-otomy
Cutting into; Surgical incision.
-oma
A tumor, swelling.
-ectomy
Surgical removal or all or part of.
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint.
Blephar-
The eyelid.
Dermis
Term for the skin.
Gingivitis
Inflammation of the gums.
Prefix
Element used at the beginning of a medical term to make it more specific or change the meaning of the medical term.
Suffix
Element used after the root element that describes a condition of a body part or an action to a body part.
Root
Element used as the subject or main topic of the medical term; frequently a body part. Usually one or more root words.
Medical Term
Word or phrase used to describe what is wrong or what needs to be done on or in the body.
Element
Words that are used to create a medical term.
-ic
Pertaining to.
-y
Act or result of an action; condition or quality.
-ia
A disease; unhealthy state or condition.
-al
Pertaining to.
-ac
Pertaining to.
-algia
Pain.
Nephrolith
Kidney stones.
Myoid
Resembling muscle.
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
Hypodermic
Beneath the skin.
Hematology
Study of the blood.
Cyanosis
Abnormal blue color to the mucous membranes of the body.
Microscope
Instrument used to observe microscopic organisms.
Gastralgia
Stomach pain.
Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus.
Hemolysis
Breaking down and dissolving of red blood cells.
Osteoma
Tumor composed of bone tissue.
Lipemic
Abnormal amount of fat in the blood.
Paralysis
The loss of movement in a part of the body.
Cystotomy
Surgical incision of the urinary bladder.
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck.
Hypertension
High blood pressure.
My-
Prefix for muscle.
Ophthalmic
Pertaining to the eye.
Stethoscope
Instrument used for listening to the chest.
Cranial
Pertaining to the skull.
Crepitus
Abnormal grating felt on joints and bones.
Steatorrhea
Fat in stool.
Ecchymosis
Condition of superficial bleeding under the skin or mucous membrane.
Lithotripsy
Crushing of a bladder stone within the bladder.
Hydropenia
Deficiency of water within the body.
Acrocyanosis
Blueness of the extremities.
Hydremia
A watery state of the blood.
Mastication
The chewing of food.
Pathogen
Disease producer.
Carcinoma
Harmful and life-threatening growth.
Glossodynia
Pain in the tongue.
Proctoptosis
Prolapse of the anus and rectum.
Autolysis
Disintegration of tissue within the patient's body.
Arthrodesis
Surgical fusion of a joint.
Angiorrhexis
Rupture of a blood vessel.
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head.
Dental
Pertaining to the teeth.
Bursotomy
Surgical incision of a sac/bursa.
Retractor
Surgical instrument used to hold open incisions or wounds.
Epicostal
Situated upon a rib.
Crani-
Skull.
-desis
Binding, fixation; usually by surgical fusion.
-pexy
Surgical fixation.
-rrhaphy
Suture.
Dyn-
Pain.
-algia
Pain.
Hyper-
Over and above normal.
Supra-
Above; located or situated on the upper side of.
Benign
Not cancerous.
Emetic
Induces vomiting.
Lingually
Toward the tongue.
Leukocyte
White blood cell.
Angi-
Blood vessel.
Stenosis
Constriction of a body passage.
-cele
Hernia.
Caudal
Pertaining to the tail.
-ae
Plural for words ending in -a
Semination
Deposit semen into female genital tract.
Vasectomy
Surgical excision of male sperm duct.
Celiotomy
Surgical incision into the abdomen.
-a
Forms name of a thing when added to a root word.
Bradycardia
Abnormally slow heartbeat.
Canthal
Pertaining to the corning of the eye.
Transplacental
Penetration of the placenta.
Cytogenesis
Production of cells
Leukocytosis
Increase in white blood cells in the blood
Cheilocarcinoma
Cancer of the lip.
Erythrocyte
Red blood cell.
Contraception
Used to prevent pregnancy.
Cerebrovascular
Pertaining to the blood vessels of the brain.
Melanin
Black/brown pigment in the hair/skin.
Erythrocytopenia
Decreased number of red blood cells.
Spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae.
Subcutaneous
Beneath the skin.
Lacrimal
Pertaining to tears.
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of bone and bone marrow.
Pylorus
Opening from stomach to intestines.
Arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture of a joint.
Cecum
Blind pouch at the beginning of the large intestines.
Otitis
Inflammation of the ear.
Cystocentesis
Bladder punctures to collect a sterile urine sample.
Dermatomycosis
Fungal infection of the skin.
Lactation
Secretion of milk.
Gastropexy
Surgical fixation of the stomach.
Visceral organs
Internal organs.
Anticoagulant
To prevent the coagulation of blood.
Emetic
To induce vomiting.
Coagulant
To clot the blood.
NPO
Non per oz; nothing by mouth.
WBC
White blood cell.
RBC
Red blood cell.
SQ
Sub Q; Subcutaneous.
PO
Per oz; by mouth.
Onco-
A tumor; mass of tissue.
Vesic-
Bladder or bladder-like structure.
Cyst-
Naming diseases and treatments involving the bladder and bladder-like structures.
Encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain.
Cor
Heart as a muscular organ.
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein.
Umbilicus
Navel; belly button.
Cryptorchid
Testicles not descended into scrotum.
Pyocolpos
Pus within the vagina.
Acoustic
Pertaining to hearing.
Cardi-
Used to name conditions and treatments of the heart.
Thalamus
Gray mass in the brain.
Ren-
Used as a landmark for kidney.
Artery
Carries blood away from the heart.
Vein
Carries blood to the heart.
Cilia
Hairlike projections.
Monorchid
Only one testicle descended.
Hyperplasia
Abnormal increase in growth.
Stoma
Mouth.
Palpebral
Pertaining to the eyelid.
Nephr-
Used to name conditions and procedures of the kidney.
Dendrite
Nerve fibers extending from a nerve cell.
Physiology
Study of body functions.
Aur-
Ear.
Buccal
Toward the cheek.
Leiomyoma
Tumor consisting of smooth muscle fibers.
Histopathology
Microscopic study of diseased tissues.
Tympanic membrane
Eardrum.
Antrum
A hollow, cavity in the bone.
Sinus
Hollow, chamber; Usually pertaining to the nasal sinuses.
Myasthenia
Muscle weakness.
Heliotherapy
Treatment of disease by exposing the body to the sun's rays.
Crinogenic
Producing secretion.
Fascia
A sheet or band of fibrous tissue.
Laparotomy
Surgical incision of the flank.
Isocellular
Equal and identical cells.
Parturition
To give birth to an offspring.
Tarsus
The ankle region.
Topical
Pertaining to a specific location.
Anisocoria
Unequal size of the pupils.
Sclera
White of the eye.
Dacry-
Denotes conditions related to tear production.
Ocul-
Landmark of the eye.
Ophthalm-
Conditions and therapy of the eye.
Pneumonedema
Fluid in the lungs.
Cornea
Transparent part of the covering of the eye.
Metabolism
The way in which energy is made available for use in the body.
Dental plaque
A deposit of material on the surface of teeth.
Alveol-
Sockets in the jaw where teeth are embedded.
Ependyma
The part of the skull enclosing the brain.
Polydactyl
Having more than the normal number of fingers/toes.
Omentum
The membrane that covers the abdominal organs.
Sedative
A drug that calms or reduces excitement.
Hyperkeratosis
An overgrowth of the horny layer of skin.
Edema
Swelling caused by fluid.
Pulmonary
Pertaining to the lungs
Pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs.
Oophor
Ovary.
Glycolysis
The break down of sugar in the body.
Phagocyte
A cell that engulfs other cells.
Iris
The colored part of the eye.
Bifurcate
Forked/divided into two.
Ptyalism
Salivation.
Parietal bones
The two bones that form the sidewalls of the cranium.
Gravid
Pregnant.
Fistula
An abnormal passage.
Aerosis
Production of gas in body tissues or organs.
Dysecdysis
Difficulty shedding skin; such as reptiles.
Dystocia
Difficult labor/birth.
Dyschezia
Difficulty passing stool.
Dysuria
Difficulty urinating.
Granulocyte
White blood cell that contains granules.
Calcaneus
Heel bone.
Dyspnea
Difficulty breathing.
Apnea
Temporary stoppage of breath.
Collagen
Sticky, glue-like substance of skin, bone, cartilage, and connective tissue.
Dorsal
Pertaining to the "back side".
Oliguria
Small amount of urine.
Metr-
Root used to denote structural part of the uterus.
Semi-
Half.
Hyperthermia
Abnormally high body temperature.
Hyster-
Root used to denote surgical procedures involving the uterus.
Syndesis
"Binding together".
Neuron
Nerve cell.
Panhysterectomy
Surgical removal of the whole uterus.
Prerenal
Situated in front of the kidney.
Trich-
Hair.
Convulsion
Series of involuntary spasms.
Trauma
Injury caused by external force.
Adynamia
Loss of normal power.
Syndactyly
Finger's attached to each other by membranous web.
Ameba
One celled protozoan life form.
Maxilla
The upper jawbone.
Turbinate
Spiral bony projections in the nasal passages.
a-
A prefix that changes the meaning of a word to mean its opposite.
Stricture
Abnormal narrowing of a passageway.
Tegument
Skin/covering.
Polycythemia
Excessive number of red blood cell's in the blood.
Pyometra
Pus in the uterus.
Neoplasm
New/abnormal growth (tumor).
Uterus
Medical term for womb.
Post op
After surgical operation.
Intra-
Occurring within.
Infra-
Situated beneath or below.
Intro-
Into.
Inter-
Between.
Cryosurgery
Destruction of tissue due to cold.
Extracellular
Occurring outside the cell.
Macrocyte
Abnormally large red blood cell.
Malpractice
Damaging or harmful practice.
Pharmacology
Study of drugs, their origins, effects, and uses.
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body.
Sarcoma
Tumor composed of fleshy substance.
Tendon
Tough, connective fiber that connects the end of a muscle to a bone.
Thrombocytopenia
Abnormal decrease of the amount of platelets in the blood.
Myospasm
Involuntary contraction in the muscle.
Glomerulus
Tufted structure or cluster composted of blood vessels or nerve fibers; primarily located in the kidney.
Thel-
Thin lining of tissue; nipple.
Lien
The spleen.
Tri-
Three
Ilium
Flat, upper part of the pelvis.
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Spay
Ovariohysterectomy.
Therapy
Treatment of disease or disorder.
Ligate
Tie off.
Pelvis
Boney structure formed by hipbones and sacrum.
Colon
Largest section of the large intestines.
Uteritis
Metritis.
Artery
Vessel carries blood away from the heart.
Esophagus
Tube which food passes to stomach.
Adrenal glands
Pair of endocrine glands above the kidney.
Ileum
Lowest part of small intestines; opens to large intestines.
Vein
Vessel carries blood to the heart.
Sacrum
Bone joins hipbones to form back part of pelvis.
Appendectomy
Surgical removal of the appendix.
Lig-
Ligament.
Ureter
Tube carries urine from kidney to bladder.
Utero-
Uterus.
Splenectomy
Surgical removal of the spleen.
Urethra
Carries urine from bladder to outside the body.
Bi-
Two.
Duodenum
First section of the small intestine.
Arteriosclerosis
Hardening/thickening of arteries.
Laryngeal spasm
Involuntary contractions of the larynx.
Ambi
Both, around.
Ventral
Front of the body, abdomen.
Duct-
Canal thru which gas/liquid moves.
Caustic
Corrosive, destructive to tissue.
Olfact-
Smell.
Pachydermia
Abnormal thickness of skin.
Posterior
Toward the rear.
Retroversion
Turned back.
Eu-
Good, normal.
Inferior
Situated below.
Platyhelminthes
Phylum of flatworms.
Brachy-
Short.
Decapitate
Act of beheading.
Pachyderm
Elephant, rhino, or hippo
Vertebra
Bones that make up spinal column.
Brachycephalic
Short head.
Geriatrics
Branch medicine deals with older patients.
Hom-
The same, equal.
Cauterize
Destruction of tissue by heat or electrical current.
Gynecology
Branch of medicine that deals with women.
Hetero-
Different from.
Ventrodorsal
From front to back.
Pseudopregnancy
False pregnancy.
Orthopedics
Branch of medicine that deals with bones, joints, and muscles.
Catheter
Tube which is inserted into a vein or the bladder.
Di
Twice, double.
Mio-
Less.
Volvulus
Intestinal obstruction due to bowel twisting.
Per os
By mouth.
Lept-
Thin, slender.
Necrosis
Tissue death.
Proximal
Nearest to.
Hemostat
Clamp-like instrument sometimes used to stop bleeding.
Mediastinum
Membrane separating lungs.
Scoliosis
Condition of curvature.
Hemorrhage
Bleeding.
Disease
"Not ease"; not healthy.
Lymph-
Watery fluid.
Tetanus
"Lockjaw".
Pectoralgia
Pain in the chest.
Xeroderma
Dry skin.
Necropsy
To examine the body to determine cause of death.
Leptospirosis
Infection with thin, hook-ended organisms.
Percutaneous
Through the skin.
Morph-
Form, shape.
Cell morphology
Study of cell shape and size.
Bloat
Gastric dilatation-volvulus.
Diarrhea
"Flowing through" of loose matter from bowels.
Aneurysm
Enlargement of the weakened wall of an artery.
Metastasis
Spread of disease from one part of the body to another.