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ruled the tribes; chosen from leading families by a council of elders
holy book of the religion of Islam
means "peace through the submission to the will of Allah"
journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah
pilgrimage to Makkah
law code developed by scholars
supreme god of Islam
prophet of Allah
Muhammad's wife and the 1st to be converted
those who practice the religion of Islam
Arabs in the desert that supported Muhammad
successor of Muhammad; leader of Muslims
"struggle in the name of God"
only accept only decedents of Ali as true rulers of Islam
did not agree with Umayyad ruler but accepted them as rulers
headed the council that advised the caliph
Turkish leader that captured Baghdad and took command of the empire
muslim houses of worship
leader after Muhammad; father-in-law
general of Syria and one of Ali's chief rivals; bacame caliph
established by Mu'awiyah
pastoral people living along the Mediterranean coast of North Africa
led a revolt to gain power; second son of Ali and son-in-law of Muhammad
set up by Abu al-Abbas; lasted until 1258
reign is known as the golden age; known for his charity
nomadic people from central Asia
Muslim ruler that took control of Egypt and made himself sultan ending the Fatimid dynasty
pastoral people who swept out of the Gobi to seize control over much of the known world
gift of money or property to their brides family
while they were in power the capital city Baghdad was one of the most prosperous cities in the empire
When they came to power in Egypt the focus of trade went to Cairo
instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the positions of the stars and planets
famous section of the Samarra mosque; tower where the muezzin calls people to pray 5 times a day
person who calls people to prayer 5 times a day
philosopher that wrote a commentary on almost all of Aristotle's surviving works
Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
wrote a medical encyclopedia that stressed the contagious nature of some diseases
most prominent historian of his time; wrote "Introduction to History"
wrote the Rubaiyat; poet/mathatician/astronomer
famous Islmaic palace