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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Western World Revolutions
Terms in this set (46)
Long range trade was made possible through many improvements in navigational tools and ships. The compass and the astrolabe were invented, which could help sailors figure out where they were.
An outcome of the Commercial Revolution was the standardization of the value of money, allowing economic transactions to become easier. People knew how much they were truly spending or earning.
Allowing people to buy stocks raised more money not only for company owners, but for investors.
This idea states that a government should do all it can to increase that country's wealth. Colonies provided valuable materials used in trade and served as markets. By maintaining the buying/selling of these materials within a colony, an empire could control its wealth.
Selling more goods than a country bought in foreign nations.
Favorable balance of trade
The movement of plants, animals, disease, and products between the Western and Eastern Hemisphere.
This treaty moved the imaginary line divided the Atlantic Ocean created by the pope to the west more. This allowed Portugal to take over Brazil. Spain could take over any land West of this line.
Treaty of Tordesillas
This treaty gave more land to Portugal
Treaty of Madrid
A system made for slave trade made up of multiple stages of transporting and selling slaves.
This was the second step of the Triangular Trade in which slaves were transported from one country to another.
A type of Spanish plantation
A method of inquiry that includes carefully conducted experiments and mathematical equations.
A polish scientist that developed the heliocentric theory
Geocentric: Everything in the universe revolves around the Earth.
Heliocentric: Everything in the universe revolves around the Sun.
German scientist that concluded that all orbits occur in ellipses.
Galileo found evidence supporting Copernicus' heliocentric theory.
He described the circulation of blood throughout the body
A scientific order in London. Its goal was to spread information and scientific pursuit to the citizens of England.
One of the most influential advocates of science
He believed the knowledge of science would greatly benefit human kind.
Physics and laws of nature
Discovered cells using one of the first microscopes
The belief that the right for kings to rule was given by God.
Divine Right of Kings
English Civil war
Cromwell- Instrument of Government
Bill of Rights
Limited Constitutional monarchy
Nature behaves in ways that people can understand.
The right to rule. It was argued whether or not sovereignty lies only within a king or the people and if it is within the people, once they give a king the right to rule, can they take it back?
An era dominated by scientific reason and rationalism.
The belief that truth can be arrived at through reason and logical thinking.
Philosophers and societal critics during the era of enlightenment.
Gatherings of social, political, and cultural elite for the philosophes' discussion.
Helped publish the first set of 28 encyclopedias along with d'Alembert.
Montesquieu Wrote "The Spirit of the Laws" in which he described the perfect government. He claimed that Britain's government was closest to perfect because it equally divided power among branches and used a system of checks and balances to make sure no single branch abused their power.
Montesquieu/ Spirit of Laws
Voltaire was a french writer that wrote the "Philosophe Letters" commenting on the British government. This made the ideas of this type of government more popular in France.
Voltaire/ Philosophical Letters, Candide
Rousseau believed that history repeats itself in cycles of decay (ex: Greece, Rome, Egypt, etc.) and people are born good but are corrupted by their environment, education, and law. The Social Contract is a mutual agreement between the members of a society when a new member enters that society.
Rousseau/ Social Contract
A government created by and subject to the will of the people It must be lived under to preserve free and good citizens.
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