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13 terms

Vocab 1: Nonfiction Text Features

What is text structure? Text structure is the way in which an author organizes the text in order to communicate the content. Why is text structure important? When students understand how a text is organized, they are more likely to identify the relationship of ideas, comprehend, and retain the information read. Also, students who develop an understanding of text structure are more likely to transfer this knowledge to their writing. **Assigned 9/10/08; Quiz on 9/17/08**
STUDY
PLAY
caption
text describing the contents of a picture, graph or chart
glossary
alphabetical list of key terms related to a subject
index
alphabetical list of topics included in the book and their corrsponding page numbers; found in the very back
table of contents
a list of the parts of a book or document; placed at the front of the book, it's organized in the order in which the parts appear
heading
announces the topics that will be covered, a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
subheading
a heading given to a smaller subsection within a larger piece of writing
boldface type
dark letters indicating important information; reader must slow down and pay attention to these
italicized type
slanted letters indicating important information; reader must slow down and pay attention to these
preface
a statement at the front of the book by the book's author or editor, explaining its purpose and expressing appreciation for help received from others
background knowledge
Your personal experiences, what you already know.
sidebar
In informational text, boxed sections off to the side containing interesting, related information that can stand on its own.
nonfiction
prose writing that presents and explains ideas or tells about real people, places, ideas, or events
fiction
a story with imagined characters and events, whether in prose, poetry or drama