AP Gov | Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America
Terms in this set (22)
The institution through which public policies are made for a society.
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that by their nature cannot be denied to anyone.
All activities by which citizens attempt to influence the selection of political leaders and the policies they pursue. Voting is the most common means of political participation in a democracy. Other means include contacting public officials, protest, and civil disobedience.
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members tend to take an uncompromising stance.
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves. People's interests, problems, and concerns, create political issues for government policy makers. These issues shape policy, which in turn impacts people, generating more interest, problems, and concerns.
The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. In the United States, linkage institutions include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
The issue that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people involved in politics at a point in time.
An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. The U.S. Constitution established three policymaking institutions- Congress, the presidency, and the courts. Today, the power of the bureaucracy is so great that most political scientists consider its fourth policymaking institution.
A choice that government makes in response to a political issue. A policy is a course of action taken with regard to some problems.
The effects a policy has on people and problems. Impacts are analyzed to see how well a policy has met its goal and what cost.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy respects and responds to the public's preference.
A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire to respected.
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities.
A basic principle of American democracy emphasizing that the policymaking process is very open to the participation of all groups with shared interests, with no single group usually dominating. Pluralists tend to believe that as a result, public interest generally prevails.
A theory of American democracy emphasizing that the policymaking process is very open to the participation of all groups with shared interests, with no single group usually dominating. Pluralists tend to believe that as a result, public interest generally prevails.
A theory of American democracy contending that an upper-class elite holds the power and makes policy, regardless of a formal governmental organization.
A theory of American democracy contending that groups are so strong that government, which gives in to many different groups, is thereby weakened.
A condition that occurs when interests conflict and no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy, so nothing gets done.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society.
The process determining the leaders we select and the policies they pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues.
gross domestic product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a year in a nation.