Ancient Egypt

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Terms in this set (...)

regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
obelisk
A tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
papyrus
A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
pyramid
Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom
barter
Exchange goods without involving money.
afterlife
life after death
dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
polytheism
Belief in many gods
silt
fine particles of fertile soil
scribe
A professional writer
Sphinx
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
pharaoh
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader and had absolute power over the people of Egypt.
irrigate
To bring water to a dry place in order to grow crops
delta
triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers
cataracts
protected Egypt from invaders
but prevented sailing on parts of the river.
Hatshepsut
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
Hieroglyphs
a stylized picture of an object representing a word, syllable, or sound, as found in ancient Egyptian and other writing systems.
Rosetta Stone
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
Mummification
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
West Bank of the Nile
Believe to be the home for the spirits of the dead
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