Terms in this set (67)
Nomadic Arabs are known as _________________.
The great religious shrine of both pre-Muslim and Muslim Arabia is called the ___________.
The founding prophet of Islam was _______________, who had a series of revelations
The ________________ is the community of all Muslim believers, the basis of Islamic society.
Arab armies crushingly defeated the forces of China at the Battle of ____________.
In the Islamic Empire, protected subjects who followed other "religions of the book" besides Islam were known as __________________.
The _______________ was Muhammad's successor as political leader of the Islamic world.
The leaders of the Shia sect of Islam were known as ____________.
The body of Islamic law, concerned with both religious and social life, is known as the ______________.
Muslim mystics known as _____________ sought a direct and personal experience of God.
The _________________ are traditions about the sayings or deeds of Muhammad, regarded as authoritative for proper Muslim practice.
invading Mongols sacked ______________ and killed the last Abbasid caliph.
the Sultanate of Delhi
Turkic rule of India became more systematic with the establishment of _______________ .
________________ is a religion blending elements of Hinduism and Islam that developed in sixteenth-century India.
The West African city of ______________ had more than 150 Quranic schools and thousands of more advanced scholars by the sixteenth century.
The Islamic name for Spain is ____________________.
Spanish Christians who adopted Arabic language and cultural practices were known as ___________________.
Formal colleges known as ______________ were established in the Islamic world beginning in the eleventh century.
The Islamic intellectuals who argued that truth could be more certainly reached by reason rather than through revelation were known as _________________.
were able to construct powerful and impressive civilizations on the arid margins of agricultural land.
no suitable environment existed in which pastoral societies could thrive.
Pastoral societies failed to develop in North America by 1500 because
pastoral societies supported far smaller populations.
In comparison to agricultural societies,
Most pastoral societies actively sought food stuffs, manufactured goods, and luxury items from agricultural civilizations.
Which of the following is TRUE of pastoral societies?
rivalries among and within clans of pastoralists made enduring political unity difficult to achieve.
Constructing large empires among pastoralists was no easy task because in general
formed a far more centralized and hierarchical political system than had earlier pastoral societies.
The Xiongnu effected a revolution in pastoral nomadic life in the third and second centuries B.C.E. when they
Pastoral peoples created the largest and most influential empires of the period.
Which of the following statements about pastoral nomads in the period between 500 and 1500 C.E. is TRUE?
interacted extensively with settled societies in the region even as they maintained their own identity through their pastoral lifestyle.
The pastoral Masai
None of the above
The most significant cultural legacy of the Mongol Empire was
Chinggis Khan's need after 1206 to keep the now unified Great Mongol Nation together.
The Mongol Empire emerged in part because of
by borrowing Chinese techniques and technologies, particularly for siege warfare.
Chinggis Khan strengthened his army
led to the unification of a divided China, with the north and south of the kingdom once again coming under the rule of one dynasty.
The Mongol conquests in China
by making use of traditional Confucian rituals.
In an effort to extract as much wealth as possible from their conquest, the Mongols sought to accommodate Chinese culture and ways of governing
was disastrous for agriculture in the region.
The Mongol conquest of Persia
a different postconquest relationship with the Mongols because the Mongols chose not to occupy the region physically.
In comparison to the Mongol conquests of Persia and China, Russia experienced
some Russian princes who served as tribute collectors and the Russian Orthodox Church, which was tolerated by the Mongols and received tax exemptions.
The tribute system imposed by the Mongols on their Russian conquests benefited
strengthened the hold of the Russian Orthodox Church in the region because it was during this period that the Church penetrated into rural areas more fully than before.
The Mongol conquest of Russia
the Mongols wanted to tax trade as another way of extracting wealth from more developed civilizations.
The Mongols consistently promoted long-distance commerce because
The integration of Vietnam and Japan into the Eurasian trade networks following their conquest by Mongol armies
Which of the following was NOT a way in which the Mongols contributed to the globalization of the Eurasian world?
greater employment opportunities for women, at least for a time.
In the longer term, the population losses associated with the plague in Western Europe resulted in
"complex" or "affluent"
The Chinookan, Tulalip, Skagit, and other peoples of northwestern North America were _______________ gathering and hunting cultures.
The Igbo, Yoruba, and Bini peoples represented different types of agricultural societies in _________________.
Iroquois League of Five Nations
The constant warfare between the Onondaga, Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, and Mohawk tribes was ended by the creation of the _________________.
The culturally sophisticated capital of Timur's empire was ______________.
The pastoral Fulbe of West Africa slowly adopted ______________ as a religion as they drifted eastward.
The period of remarkable expansion by Zheng He occurred during the _____________ century.
Much of the nation building in Europe during the fifteenth century was driven by the needs of ____________.
In The Prince, one of the most influential writings in European history, author Niccolò Machiavelli writes that it is better for a ruler to be ____________ than to be loved.
The crews of early European explorers such as Columbus and da Gama were ___________ in comparison to the number of crew members aboard Zheng He's fleet.
The most impressive and enduring of the new Islamic states of Afro-Eurasia was the __________ Empire.
Ottoman and Safavid
The Sunni/Shia split divided the ________________ empires during the fifteenth century.
traditional West African religious practices
The king of the Songhay Empire, Sonni Ali, combined belief in Islam with belief in ______________.
The "second flowering of Islam" in the fifteenth century saw the spread of Islam to ________________.
The goal of Aztec warfare was to ___________ the enemy.
The Inca Empire encompassed almost the whole of _____________ civilization in the fifteenth century.
The official language of the Inca Empire, still spoken by millions today, was _____________.
The Inca state demanded ____________, or labor service, as tribute from its subjects.
pilgrimage to Mecca
Islam's many diverse cultures were brought together each year by the annual __________________.
The Micronesian island Yap was a center of oceanic ____________ in the fifteenth century.
1. By force
2. People were drawn by social messages and it was very straight forward or simple to understand.
What are two ways did Islam spread so quickly?
What percentage of converts were Christians?
What does Islam mean?
One who has submitted
What does Muslim mean?
One God; prophets-Moses, David, Jesus, Muhammad; Judgement: actions and faith not one or the other; Books: Quaran and Sunnah; Helpers; Confession; Worship; Giving; fasting; pilgrimage to Mecca
What are the articles of faith?
Chinese admiral during the Ming Dynasty, he led great voyages that spread China's fame throughout Asia
Vasco da Gama
the first European to reach India by sea sailing around the tip of Africa with the help of a Muslim pilot.
A Ming emperor who was military aggressive and kicked out the Mongols. He moved the capital to Nanjing for two reasons. One was to get the capital further from the Mongols and the second was to be in the midst of his people. He reconstructed the Chinese traditions and restored agriculture. He planted trees since the trees were being used for paper and to prevent erosion of soil.
A Ming emperor who distanced himself from the population of his people and moved the capital to Beijing. He personally led military campaigns. He was Anti-Mongolian but otherwise very tolerant to other cultures and including religion. He restored China's Great Wall and fixed the Grand Canal to make it possible to travel since the Mongols didn't take care of it the canal. He had outside interests.
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