22 terms

Ceramics Vocabulary May 2018

vocabulary used in ceramics and sculpture sidney high school general art and 3D Design classes
STUDY
PLAY
pinch*
a hand building technique starting with a ball of clay; inserting you thumbs and pinching the clay to form thin even walls
coil*
a hand building technique using rolled out ropes of clay; stacked in layers
slab*
a hand bulding technigue made of thin sheets of clay
drape slab*
a thin sheet of clay usually draped around of inside a bowl, plaster form or plate to form a vessel
molding or modeling*
using your hands to shape, bend, add, or remove clay
fire*
the process of placing the pots in a kiln and heating to a high temperature that the clay becomes ceramic
kiln*
a furnace in which pots are fired
bisque fire*
purpose of this process is to render the object more durable, while leaving it porous engough to absorb glaze, the first firing in the kiln before glaze may be applied
glaze firing*
fuses the glaze to together in combination with the surface of the clay body, A firing cycle to the temperature at which the glaze materials will melt to form a glass-like surface coating
gloss glaze*
Liquid decoration applied to bisque-fired clay which melts to form a glassy surface. 3 coats are standard
clay*
particles of decomposed rock combied with water; a combination of decomposed rock including silica( sand) and alumina along with various minerals and decomposed matter
slip*
made by mixing clay body with water; creates a glue to hold piees together
score*
to make a series of shallow grooves in the edges of the clay to joiun two parts securly together
wedge*
to work the damp clay witht the palms of the hands against a smooth surface, Mixing and de-airing clay by cutting is diagonally and slamming the pieces together.
Leatherhard*
the stage of drying when the clay is no longer workable by hand; you can 1) can not mold anymore 2) can still paddle (best time) 3) weld by scoring and slipping 4) makes smooth: by sponging and burishing 5) can incise/ curve and scrape
bone dry*
dompletely dry, without and moisture at all; you can 1) burnish 2) can scrape 3) can sand 4) can underglaze 5) now you can fire
greenware*
clay projects which are airdried, but not yet fired
bisqueware*
clay that's been fired once, is now white and ready to be glazed
Throwing
..., shaping clay on a rapidly revolving wheel
Glaze*
a vitreous layer or coating on a piece of pottery; a smooth, glossy surface or coating.
Needle tool
clay tool with a sharp point and wooden handle
Wheel
Ceramic equipment that spins a lump of clay to form into a vessel

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