39 terms

Kaiqui's Argument & Debate Terms

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argument
A complete claim put forth and supported by evidence, in written or spoken form.
primary source
An original source that informs directly, not through another person's explanation or interpretation.
author's bias
A preconceived and often unfair feeling that an author has for or against something; slant
counterargument
A viewpoint immediately expressed to debate the original argument put forth in a formal debate setting
evidence
Information an author provides to support his or her opinion, including facts, statistics, case studies, anecdotes, and expert opinions
incomplete evidence
A situation in which an author does not provide all the facts or details to support an argument
irrelevant or unsound evidence
Information that is not important to the argument and has little value in convincing someone; inaccurate evidence based on faulty reasoning
opposing claim
A complete argument or claim that is on the opposite side of an issue.
persuasive techniques
The ways in which an author tries to influence the reader to think or act a certain way; emotional appeals, bandwagon, ethos, pathos, logos for example
reason
The basis or "why" for an argument or claim
rebuttal
A reply to show fault in the other's argument, while restating your own claim
tone
The "voice" of the speaker indicating the way he/she thinks; attitude
fact
A statement that can be proven.
opinion
A personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof
evaluate
To determine the worth or value of someone's argument; to make judgments by evenly weighing both sides
secondary source
Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event.
author's purpose
The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
reliable information
Information that is accurate, unbiased, and verifiable.
compare
To identify similarities
contrast
To identify differences
mood
The feeling that is created in the reader by the author's choice of words. This creates the emotional atmosphere that surrounds the reader. ( It can be created by the author's tone of voice.)
proposition
this is the major premise of the spoken debate
argument that is spoken forth at the beginning. It classically will have at least three (3) major claims on which it is to be built.
rhetorical question
A question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer. The speaker expects you to think about the question, not answer it.
interrogative sentence
A sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark.
imperative sentence
A sentence that implores or commands with great importance, and usually ends with a period.
declarative sentence
A sentence that makes a statement or declaration and ends with a period.
exclamatory sentence
A sentence expressing strong feelings of surprise, anger, or happiness, usually punctuated with an exclamation mark
introductory sentence
The opening sentence of a written piece or argument; used to capture the reader's attention.
debate
That thing you use to lure the fish; but seriously......a formal discussion on a particular topic in a public setting, in which opposing arguments are put forward.
quote
to repeat exactly what someone else has said or written
resolve
Make a firm decision to find the solution
persuade
to convince someone to do something through reasoning or argument.
contention
assertion; claim; thesis (synonym)
affirmative side
side of debate that supports the proposition
negative side
side of debate that opposes the proposition
oppose
to be against (comes from same root as opponent)
concede (to make a concession)
admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it
Connotation
the implied or conveyed meaning of a word; what the user intends the word to mean
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word