btween parties who intend top marry that typically provides for the disposition of the property rights of the parties in the event the marriage ends by dearth or divorce.
court order that restores the parties to their positions before the marriage. The marriage of the parties is void and treated as if never existed. It is permissible in situations in which a particular legal disability prevented the marriage from becoming valid.
legal document that establishes the property rights of the parties without effecting a dissolution of the actual marriage relationship.
Temporary restrianing order
court order that oders a party to act or refrain from acting in a particular manner until such time as the court has the oppertunirty to consider a more permanent ruling on an issue.
court order that oders a party to act or refrain from acting in a particular manner for a specified period of time. (often during the pendency of a legal proceeding).
An injuction that remains effective until an order of the court removes it, Sometimes such orders are left in force forever.
agreement as to the property rights and obligation of co-owners or co-debtors such as to a marriage.
The boby of the law defining offences againsrt the community at large, regulatiing against how suspects are investigated caahrged and tried.
An act or failure to act toward another when a duty is owed to another. 1) Duty, 2) Breach of duty, 3) Causation, 4) Damages.
Action or nonaction that is appropriate under the circumstances, when all risk and benefits are taken into account.
The direct cuase that is sufficiaent to produce a result. There can be no other intervening force that occurs independantly and before the result that is also sufficient to produce the result.
An act that the actor knows or should know with substantial certainty will cause harm to another.
Liability without fault applied in situations where the intention or neglect of the party is immatertial. The mere performance of the act wil result in liability.
STANDARD OF CARE
In the law of negkigence, the degree of care that a reasonable person should exercise (common sense).
Is usually applied in situatons identified by thet lawmaking authorities where the plaintiff is not capable of protecting him or herself from the defendants action.
The mosst basic of all duties to take the most minimal action to prevent injuries to those in the surrounding area.
' BUT FOR CAUSE'
If not for the actions of someone else's negligence, the accident would not have happened.
SUBSTANTIAL FACTOR ANALYSIS
test for indirect causation in negligence cases. The tortfeasor is liable for injuries to the victim when the tortfeasor's conduct was a substantial factor in producing the harm.
Is impossed by statute or common law. The legislature and judiciary have identified particular sistuations as those in which a duty is always warrented.
ZONE OF DANGER APPROACH
The doctrine allowing the recovery of damages for negligent infliction of emotional distress if the plaintiff was both located in the dangerous are created by the defendants negligence and frightened by the risk of harm.
WORLD AT LARGE APPROACH
It requires the defendant to foresee more remote possibilities of harm to persons not in the immediate area and of injuries not as readily foreseeable to occur from his or her conduct.
(law) compensation for losses that can readily be proven to have occurred and for which the injured party has the right to be compensated
consist of medical expenses and lost wages; sometimes called out-of-pocket expenses; an exact and verifiable figure
(law) compensation in excess of actual damages (a form of punishment awarded in cases of malicious or willful misconduct)