Consists mainly of the Civil Rights era
Terms in this set (13)
Mendez v. Westminster
On behalf of Gonzaló Mendez and other parents, LULAC sued Westminster school district for segregating Mexican children in separate schools, arguing it violated their 14th amendment rights. The school board argued that it segregated Mexican children based on language ability, but LULAC put eight-year-old Sylvia Mendez on the stand to demonstrate that she could clearly speak and understand English
Hernandez v. Texas
Hernandez is charged and convicted of murder without a jury of his peers. The defense attorney also did not get a chance to question potential jurors. 6th and 14th amendment are cited. Trial is re-done, still convicted., Supreme Court decision that said it was unconstitutional to keep Mexican Americans off of juries
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
A landmark case concerning public school finance which led to the Robin Hood school finance plan
Sweatt v. Painter
1950; higher education facilities, though "separate", must also be truly "equal"; (UT Law School; Sweatt is then given ability to go to the 'white' school b/c the two schools were not equal
Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
Decided that the segregation of children of Mexican descent in the public school system in Texas was illegal., made the segregation of Mexican American children in Texas illegal
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption
Brown v. Board
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated. Seperate is NOT equal
White v. Regester
mandated that there be no multi-member electoral districts in Texas
Wisonsin v. Yoder
religion comes before education - 1.States cannot force individuals to attend school when it infringes on their First Amendment rights. In this case, the state of Wisconsin interfered with the practice of a legitimate religious belief.
Gideon v. Wainwright
a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Miranda v. Arizona
1966 Supreme Court decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect them against self-incrimination and to protect their right to counsel. Miranda Rights!
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Plessy v. Ferguson
"separate but equal"