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Politics of the United States
history ch 7
Terms in this set (62)
how did the united states constitution overcome the weakness of the articles of confederation and provide for the organization of the new government?
they made a completely new government with the 3 branches, a bill of rights, and a stronger government with more power
what were the major successes and failures of the government under the articles of confederation?
they fought the war and won, made a treaty with paris, and the government was too weak
what role did compromise play in the creation of the united states constitution?
now government had power
what did those in favor of the constitution achieve its ratification?
they wrote articles and held conventions
why did many state constitutions limit the power of the state governments?
colonists were unhappy with governors appointed by british crown
how did the articles of confederation ensure the power of the states?
congress could not regulate trade of collect taxes
How did the two ordinances turn national land into private holdings?
they were divided into townships 6 miles on each side, after 60,000 in territory, it could be a state
what did shays rebellion demonstrate about the strength of the national government under the articles of confederation?
it was a clear sign the articles of confederation are not working
why did delegates to the constitutional convention keep their debates a secret?
they wanted to speak freely and not be misunderstood
how was the national government organized under the virginia plan?
it called for 3 branches of government with a 2 house legislature, and representation would be based on population. it also had a strong central government.
what was the main difference between the virginia plan and the new jersey plan?
the virginia plan called for a bicameral legislature and representation would be based on population, and the new jersey plan had a unicameral legislature and each state had the same # of votes.
What was the three-fifths compromise?
each enslaved person would be counted as three fifths of a free person
what is the significance of the constitutions first phrase: "we the people of the united states"?
thats how the constitution opens up in the preamble
why did the antifederalists believe that the constitutional convention had gone too far?
it was weakening the states, had no bill of rights, and there was no president or king
why was the vote in virginia so important?
it was big and powerful. so whatever virginia picks, other states like ny will agree with them.
why did congress move quickly to pass the bill of rights?
because the states finally agreed to it
__________ and __________ were two authors of the "federalist papers"
john jay and alexander hamilton
the federalists wanted the states to _______ the constitution.
___________ of virginia argued against the constitution
true or false: the chief argument used by antifederalists was that the constitution had no preamble
false, there was no bill of rights
true or false: the constitution can be changed by a majority vote in the senate
false, it can be changed by the amendment process, which means the states get to decide.
true or false: the tenth amendment guarantees rights such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press.
false, its the first amendment
true or false: amendments 5-8 protect people accused of crimes and brought to trial.
why was the bill of rights added to the constitution?
because there was no protection for basic freedoms, and to satisfy antifederalists
when did the constitutional convention open up in philadelphia?
How many delegates attended the Constitutional Convention?
Who was the oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention?
who was chosen as president of the constitutional convention?
who was the best prepared delegate at the constitutional convention?
Who is known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
rather than revising the articles, what did the delegates decide to do instead at the convention?
make their own articles
what did the delegates at the constitutional convention immediately disagree about regarding the government?
how many votes each state gets and what type of government should be made
who developed the great compromise? what is another name for this plan?
roger sherman. the connecticut compromise
which state was the ninth state to approve the constitution?
how many states were required to sign the new constitution before it became the fundamental law or the US
9 out of 13
____ out of ____ remaining delegates singed the new constitution.
39 out of 42
when was the constitution ready to be signed?
September 17, 1787
why did some refuse to sign the new constitution?
they felt it was too strong
what was the first US constitution?
the articles of confederation
when were the articles completed and when did it go into effect?
completed on nov. 15, 1777 and it went into effect on feb. 17, 1781
name 2 important laws passed by congress under the articles.
the land ordinance of 1785 and the northwest ordinance of 1787
which ordinance was the best?
the northwest ordinance of 1787
a ___________ contains the rules for how a government will work.
the ________ of a government creates the laws.
an ____________ is a period of slow business activity, lower prices and wages, and unemployment.
a list of essential freedoms is called a _________
bill of rights
the state constitutions limited the power of the governors because people did not want to ____________________________.
repeat the causes of the revolution
under the articles of confederation, congress was denied the powers to ____________ and regulate _______
collect taxes; trade
the ___________ ___________ of 1787 provided a system for a territory to become a state.
because of the weakness of the central government, british troops still held forts in the ___________________.
after the revolution, which group suffered the most from the economic depression?
what was demostrated by shays rebellion?
it was a clear sign that the articles were not working
the _______ consists of a system of courts.
__________ of connecticut came up with a plan that offered ta house of representatives and a senate.
________ was largely responsible for writing the preamble, or introduction to the constitution.
we know about the debates at the convention because _____________ took detailed notes
james madisons plan for the new government provided for a two-house legislature. Seats in both houses would be awarded to each state on the basis of population. Thus, larger states would have more representatives than smaller states.
the virginia plan
william paterson presented a plan more to the liking of the smaller states. It provided for a one-house legislature. Each state, no matter what its population, would have one vote.
the new jersey plan
roger sherman worked out a plan that appealed both large and small states. Each side gave up some of its demands to preserve the national union.
the great compromise
what sort of government did the constitution establish?
republic and federal
what were the first ten amendments of the constitution called?
the bill of rights
who was elected president and vice president of the new constitution?
george washington and john adams
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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