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Chapter 8: The Business of America/ postwar issues/ changing ways of life
chapter 8 lesson 1 business of america guided reading packet answers
Terms in this set (37)
How did the Fordney-McCumber Tariff affect other countries?
It increased trade with other countries, allowing them to repay their war debts
What does the Teapot Dome scandal tell about President Harding?
He made poor judgement in the appointment of some cabinet members
Name 3 ways the automobile changed American life.
new roads were built, new businesses sprang up, rural families were less isoated
how did advertising change american life
People began to buy more goods after viewing advertisements
describe two economic problems hidden by the 1920s boom
Businesses were going into debt, the stock market began to decline
Harding Cabinet strengths
Sec of State- Charles Evans Hughes
Sec of Commerce- Herbert Hoover
Sec of Treasury- Andrew Mellon
Harding Cabinet Weaknesses
Poor management of the economy, The Ohio Gang
new roads, growth of cities
lead to large levels of pollution in cities
Modern Advertising strength
slogans and ads Raised money for business and charity. People idolized business
Modern Advertising weakness
people began spending more money than they had
installment plan Strengths
a purchaser pays over an extended time, without having to put down much money at the time of purchase
Installment plan Weaknesses
People began buying items on credit
indicators of future economic problems
1. stock market began to decrease
2. people began to spend on credit
3. Railroad industry decline
what attitudes became prevalent in America after WWI
Xenophobia and a wave of Nativism and isolationism swept through th ecountry
How did American's show their fear of communism?
They Violently attacked anyone suspected of being a communist
What was the quota system?
Limited any immigrants from each European nation to 2%
Why did union membership decline?
Soldiers returning home from war did not like they way unions were being run
How did the Justice Department under A. Mitchell Palmer respond to this fear?
Palmer got local police departments to investigate suspected communists
why were sacco and vanzetti most likely convicted
They were most likely convicted because their was overwhelming evidence to find them guilty
how did the Ku Klux Klan respond to this fear
They used the fear to intimidate and harass different cultural groups
the strike by Boston police was unpopular with the public. why might that have been so
People Feared for their lives and safety while the Boston Police went on strike
how did massachusetts governor calvin coolidge handle the Boston Police Strike
He held a mediation to arbitrate the dispute
why did public support turn against steel companies
The people found a valuable alternative to using steel
how did president wilson respond to the steel strike
he sent in police to force an end to the strike
how did prohibition affect the nation?
People began to follow the law and stopped consuming alcohol
how did fundamentalist belief lead to the Scopes trial?
Scopes was a fundamentalist who abused his power
Who tended to be supporters of prohibition at this time?
Women with young children
why do you think they supported it
They wanted to keep their children safe from the dangers of alcohol
Who tended to be opponents of prohibition at this time?
why do you think they opposed it
They enjoyed consuming alcohol
Why was prohibition repealed?
Previously, the government relied on alcohol taxes before the income tax in 1913. They hoped that income taxes could be reduced by repealing prohibition. Also, they worried about disrespect among Americans and the image it shed on the government.
Who were Darrow's main supporters?
ACLU; liberals; protestants
Why did they support him?
believed in creationism, the liberal interpretation of Genesis; were skeptical of scientific knowledge; did not want evolution taught to their children.
Who were Bryan's main supporters?
Why did they support him?
supported scientific thinking; believed in Darwin's Theory of Evolution
what was the outcome of the case?
Scopes was found guilty and fined $100
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