China was __________ ____________ by mountains and deserts.
Mandate of Heaven
Chinese political theory that the emperor connected heaven and earth. The current emperor had permission from heaven to rule as long as he was just (fair).
dynasty/ dynastic cycle
- A succession of ruling families - Rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven -power passed down from generations
China's most important export during ancient times
Taoism & Confucianism
China's two religions/philosophies
Very prominent Chinese philosopher that taught : - Belief in Humans are good, not bad - respect for elders - code of politeness, still used in Chinese society today -emphasis on education - ancestor worship
-philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu - focus on simple life, inner peace and harmony with nature
Yin and Yang symbol
The two religions of Confucianism and Taoism are associated with this symbol, which shows a balance of opposites?
civil service exam
Confucian exam given in China to government workers to test them on Confucian beliefs and government understanding.
Qin Shi Huangdi
-China's first emperor -he conquered most of China -Oversaw the building of the Great Wall of China
Invaders from the North (Mongols)
The Great Wall of China was built to protect against this group in particular?
terra cotta warriors
soldier statues made of baked clay that were buried underground to "guard" emperor Qin Shi Huangdi in the after-life
4 Contributions of classical China
- civil service sytem - paper -porcelain -silk
influenced Japanese architecture, language, writing
A group of islands, Japan's geography
writing of Japan and China
the Great Wall of China
world's longest man made structure built to keep invaders from the north out of China, started by the Qin Dynasty, expanded by the Han Dynasty,
standardized weights and measures
connected China to Rome, traded silk, porcelain, and paper
created by the Chinese, used for keeping records
longest continuous civilization due to protection from geography and Great Wall