11 terms

Test 4-5: Prejudice and Discrimination

drawing conclusions about a person, group of people, or situation prior to evaluating the evidence
adaptive conservatism
evolutionary principle that creates a predisposition toward distrusting anything or anyone unfamiliar or different
in-group bias
tendency to favor individuals within our group over those from outside our group
out-group homogeneity
tendency to view all individuals outside our group as highly similar
negative behavior toward members of out-groups
a belief, positive or negative, about the characteristics of members of a group that is applied generally to most members of the group
implicit and explicit stereotypes
beliefs about the characteristics of an out-group about which we're either unaware (implicit) or aware (explicit)
ultimate attribution error
assumption that behaviors among individual members of a group are due to their internal dispositions
scapegoat hypothesis
claim that prejudice arises from a need to blame other groups for our misfortunes
just-world hypothesis
claim that our attributions and behaviors are shaped by a deep-seated assumption that the world is fair and all things happen for a reason (justin)
jigsaw classrooms
educational approach designed to minimize prejudice by requiring all children to make independent contributions to a shared project