23 terms

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John Locke, Second Treatise of Government
He wrote that all human beings have a right to life, liberty, and property and that governments exist to protect those rights. (Natural Rights)
Social Contract Theory
A voluntary agreement between the government and the governed (Rosseau)
Albany Plan of Union (1754)
Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin that sought to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies & the Crown.
Sons of Liberty 1765
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Patrick Henry
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies ("give me liberty or give me death")
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence (no taxation without representation)
Boston Massacre (1770)
An incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them; five colonists were killed.
Historical Significance:
Boston's radicals used to incident to wage an Anti-British propaganda war.
Boston Tea Party (1773)
American colonists calling themselves the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Mohawk Native Americans, boarded three British ships and dumped British tea into the Boston harbor.
nonimportation agreements (1765 and after)
Boycotts against British goods adopted in response to the Stamp Act and, later, the Townshend and Intolerable Acts. The agreements were the most effective form of protest against British policies in the colonies.
Committees of Correspondence 1772
Colonial radicals formed committees in each town and colony to spread word of any new English aggression.
Declaration of Independence (1776)
The fundamental document establishing the US as an independent nation, adopted on July 4, 1776. It declared the 13 colonies independent from Britain, offered reasons for the separation laid out the principles for which the Revolution was fought
Olive Branch Petition (1775)
Conciliatory measure adopted by the Continental Congress, professing American loyalty and seeking an end to the hostilities. King George rejected the petition and proclaimed the colonies in rebellion.
Proclamation Line of 1763
Stated that no colonists could settle in lands to the west of the Appalachian mountains-- made the colonists very upset
Pontiac's Rebellion (1763)
An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottawa chief named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed. The war was a failure for the Indians in that it did not drive away the British, but the widespread uprising prompted the British government to modify the policies that had provoked the conflict (Proclamation Line).
Sugar Act of 1764
An act that raised tax revenue in the colonies for the crown. It also increased the duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies.
Stamp Act of 1765
This act required colonists to pay for an official stamp, or seal, when they bought paper items.
Stamp Act Congress (1765)
Twenty-seven delegates from 9 colonies met from October 7-24, 1765, and drew up a list of declarations and petitions against the new taxes imposed on the colonies.
Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776
Common Sense was pamphlet that attacked the British monarchy, calling for American
independence from Britain.
No taxation without representation
reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament
Articles of Confederation (1781)
First American constitution that established the United States as a loose confederation of states under a weak national Congress, which was not granted the power to regulate commerce or collect taxes. .
Virginia Resolves (1765)
Patrick Henry's speech which condemned the British government for its taxes and other policies. He proposed 7 "resolves" to show Virginia's resistance to the British policies, 5 of which were adopted by the Virginia legislature. Eight other colonies followed suit and had adopted similar resolves by the end of 1765.
2nd Continental Congress (May 1775)
*Divided over Revolution or Reconciliation
*Send Olive Branch Petition to King
*Get Thomas Jefferson to write a Declaration of Independence
Lexington and Concord, 1775
First battle in the Revolutionary War, (AKA "shot heard round the world") fought in Massachusetts on April 19, 1775.