13 terms

Labor Unions, Laws, and Strikes (Live Set)


Terms in this set (...)

The Knights of Labor
Welcomed unskilled and semiskilled workers, including women, immigrants, and African Americans. Its goal was to create a cooperative society in which laborers owned the industries in which they worked.
The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
It strove to unite all laborers including unskilled workers and African Americans who were excluded in craft unions. They embraced the rhetoric class conflict and endorsed violent tactics.
American Federation Labor (AFL)
This organization was an alliance of skilled workers in craft unions. It focused on bread and butter issues such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions.
The Great Railroad Strike, 1877
Was remembered as the first general strike in American history. Paralyzed the nation's commerce for 45 days and forced governors in ten states to mobilize 60,000 militia to reopen railroad traffic.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act, 1890
The act forbade unreasonable combination or contracts in restraint of trade. The primary use of the act was to curb labor unions and to stop monopolies.
Homestead Strike, 1892
The AA refused to accept pay cuts and went on strike in Homestead, Pennsylvania. It ultimately culminated in a battle between strikers and private security guards hired by the company.
The Pullman Strike, 1894
The strike halted a substantial amount of American railroad commerce. It ended when President Cleveland ordered federal troops to crush the strike.
The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902
Was a strike by United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania. It was dealt with the active involvement of President Theodore Roosevelt, this marked the first time the federal government intervened in a labor dispute as a neutral arbitrator.
The Wagner Act of 1935 (Also known as the Nations Labor Relations Act)
Known as the Magna Carta of labor because it ensured workers' rights to organize and bargain collectively. Passage of the act led to a dramatic increase in labor union membership.
Split between AFL and CIO
The American Federation Labor favored the organization of workers according to their skills and trades. The Congress of Industrial Workers favored the organization of all workers in a particularly industry.
Taft-Hartley Act, 1947
Main purpose was to curb the power of labor unions. Supporters of the act believed that unions were abusing their power, that the strikes would endanger the nation's vital defense industries, that some labor unions had been infiltrated by communists, and that employers were being forced into hiring union workers.
United Farm Workers
Union of farm workers were organized and led by Cesar Chavez who is recognized as a significant civil rights leader.
Samuel Gompers
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.