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NUTR2010 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (27)
What two factors play a large role in preventing and treating many age-related diseases?
Healthy Diet and Exercise
What factor plays the greatest role in the leading cause of death in the U.S.?
The excessive consumption of _______________ is linked to impaired judgement, liver damage, certain cancers, and a variety of additional health issues.
identify the cause of death related to a person's diet.
Diabetes & Diseases of the heart
Identify causes of death that relate to excessive consumption of alcohol.
Diseases of the heart, Cancer, & Accidents and adverse side effects
Nutrition is defined by the American Medical Association as
the science of food, the nutrients and substances found in food, & the process by which humans utilize food substances
What are the six classes of nutrients?
carbohydrates, lipids (fats & oils), proteins, vitamins, minerals, & water
What are the three characteristics of a nutrient to be considered an essential element?
1. it has biological function
2. removing it from the diet leads to a decline in human biological function, such as the normal functions of the blood cells or nervous system
3. returning the omitted substance to the diet before permanent damage occurs restores to normal those aspects of human biological function by its absence
What are the substances that are essential for health that the body cannot make or that is makes quantities too small to support health?
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and water are all considered __________________.
A micronutrient, like a vitamin, is needed in ___________ amounts
__________ provides the nutrients needed to fuel, build, and maintain all body cells
A macronutrient needs to be consumed in _____________ amounts
What is the complex carbohydrate that is the storage form of carbohydrate in foods?
An indigestible complex carbohydrate that forms the structure of plant cell walls
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