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Pre-AP English I Fall Final Review

Literary elements, devices, and propaganda techniques.
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Plot
The sequence of incidents or events in a narrative.
Irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.
Climax
In a narrative, the turning point in the action and/or the highest point of interest or excitement.
Personification
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics.
Alliteration
Beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same consonant sound.
Theme
General concept or idea, whether hidden or asserted, that the author is trying to convey to the audience.
Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things not using like or as.
Oxymoron
Combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression.
Setting
The place and time in which a narrative takes place.
Tone
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience. It may be serious, humorous, sarcastic, indignant, etc.
Protagonist
The main character in a literary work.
Point of view
The perspective from which a speaker or writer recounts a narrative or presents information.
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces. Ex: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. technology, etc.
Imagery
Vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses.
Flashback
A shift in a narrative to an earlier event that interrupts the normal chronological development of a story.
Juxtaposition
Placing normally unassociated words, phrases, or ideas next to one another, often creating an effect or surprise or wit.
Rising action
Part of the plot's structure, this builds to a climax.
Connotation
Refers to the feelings and attitudes associated with a word.
Antagonist
This person or thing brings conflict to the main character.
Simile
A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words like or as.
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word or a word's primary significance or reference.
Resolution
The part of the plot in which the problem in the story is resolved.
Symbolism
The use of one object to represent or suggest something else.
Repetition
An instance of using a word, phrase, or clause more than once in a short passage --dwelling on a point.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.
Contrast
To compare in order to show differences.
Mood
The emotional atmosphere in a literary work.
Paradox
The elements of a statement contradict each other. Although the statement may appear illogical, impossible, or absurd, it turns out to have a coherent meaning that reveals a hidden truth.
Diction
Choice and use of words in speech or writing.
Hyperbole
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration. May be used for either serious or comic effect.