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107 terms

Medical Terminology - Chapter 8

Stanberry Med Term book
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aort/o
aorta
atri/o
atrium
brady-
slow
card/i/o
heart
corona
the adjective form "coronary" is sometimes used to describe anatomic structures, such as nerves, ligaments, and blood vessels, especially the arteries of the heart
echo
a reverberation of sound; not properly called a root (and therefore written without the slash before its final letter), echo has been adopted for use in forming some medical terms, such as echogram and echocardiography)
electr/o
electrical
endo-
inner, inside
-gram
written record
my/o
muscle
peri-
around, surrounding
-stenosis
a narrowing
tachy-
fast
valv/o, valvul/o
valve
ventricul/o
ventricle
atriomegaly
enlargement of an atrium
atrioseptoplasty
surgical repair of an atrial septum
bradycardia
also called bradyarrhythmia; abnormally slow heartbeat
cardiac arrest
abbreviated CA, this condition, as its name suggests, describes the sudden cessation of heart activity
cardiodynia
heart pain
cardiogram (This word and the next are often called "electrocardiogram" and "electrocardiograph," respectively; the abbreviation for both can be either EKG or ECG.)
a graphic trace of heart functions
cardiograph (also "myocardiograph," as well as "electrocardiograph," as noted above)
a machine to electrically measure heart functions
cardiomalacia
softening of the heart
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle (myocardium)
cardiomyoplasty
a surgical procedure that involves engaging the
cardiopathy
any heart disease
cardiorrhaphy
suturing of the wall of the heart muscle
cardiorrhexis
rupture in the wall of the heart muscle
cardiotomy
incision into the heart OR incision into the cardia of the stomach
carditis
inflammation of the heart
endocarditis
inflammation of the endocardium
myocardial infarction (often abbreviated MI)
heart attack; patients suspected of having had an MI are given a blood test to measure the level of troponin in the blood (troponin is a protein that is released when an MI occurs)
myocarditis
inflammation of the heart muscle
pericardiorrhaphy
suturing of the pericardium
pericardiotomy
incision into the pericardium
pericardiotomy
incision into the pericardium
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
tachycardia
also called tachyarrhythmia; abnormally rapid heartbeat
valvoplasty; also valvuloplasty
surgical repair of a heart valve
valvotomy; also valvulotomy
surgical removal of a blocked heart valve (stenosis of a heart valve) by cutting into it
valvulitis
inflammation of a heart valve
ventriculoplasty
surgical repair of a heart ventricle
ventriculoscopy
examination of a heart ventricle with an endoscope
aortic semilunar valve
connects the left ventricle to the aorta
atria
two of the four heart chambers, composed of the right atrium and left atrium
endocardium
the inner surface of the heart
epicardium
the outer lining of the heart
left atrioventricular valve also known as the bicuspid or mitral valve
connects the left atrium to the left ventricle
myocardium
the heart muscle, which includes nerves and blood vessels
pericardial
adjective form of pericardium
pericardial cavity
another lining of the pericardium closest to the heart
pericardial sac
the subcavity of the thoracic cavity in which the heart is enclosed
Pericardium serous membrane lining
serous membrane lining the peri- cardial cavity
pulmonary semilunar valve
valve connecting the right ventricle and lungs
right atrioventricular valve also known as the tricuspid valve
valve connecting the right atrium the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle
septa
thin wall that separates cavities or masses; in the heart, septa separate the right atrium from the left atrium and the right ventricle from the left ventricle
troponin
a protein that is released into the bloodstream when a heart attack occurs
ventricle
two of the four heart chambers, composed of the right ventricle and left ventricle
arrhythmia
abnormal rhythm; irregular heartbeat
atriomegaly -megaly (suffix meaning
enlargement of an atrium
bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat
cardiac arrest
cessation of heart activity
cardiodynia
heart pain
cardiomalacia
softening of the heart
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
cardiopathy
any heart disease
cardiorrhexis
rupture in the wall of the heart
carditis
inflammation of the heart
endocarditis
inflammation of the endocardium
myocardial infarction
heart attack
myocarditis ; -itis
inflammation of the heart muscle
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat
valvulitis
inflammation of a heart valve
cardiogram
a graphic trace of heart functions
myocardiograph , cardiograph
a machine to electrically measure heart functions
ventriculoscopy
looking at a heart ventricle with an endoscope
cardiologist
heart specialist
cardiology
medical specialty dealing with the heart
atrioseptoplasty
surgical repair of an atrial septum
cardiomyoplasty
surgical procedure that involves engaging the latissimus dorsi muscle to stimulate the heart
cardiorrhaphy
suturing of the wall of the heart
cardiotomy
incision into the HEART or incision into the cardia of the STOMACH
pericardiorrhaphy
suturing of the pericardium
pericardiotomy
incision into the pericardium
valvoplasty ; also valvuloplasty
surgical repair of a heart valve
valvotomy ; also valvulotomy
surgical removal of a blocked also valvulotomy by cutting into it
ventriculoplasty
surgical repair of the heart
atrial
adjectival form of atrium
cardiac
relating to the heart
cardiogenic
adjective describing something originating in the heart
ventricular
adjectival form of ventricle
ACV
acute cardiovascular [disease]
CA
cardiac arrest
CAD
coronary artery disease
CCU
cardiovascular care unit
CHD
cardiovascular heart disease
CIPS
cardiovascular imaging procedure
CRFS
cardiovascular risk factors
CSU
cardiovascular surgery unit
CT
cardiovascular technologist
CVICU
cardiovascular intensive care unit
CVIS
cardiovascular imaging systems
EKG or ECG
electrocardiogram; electrocardiograph; electrocardiography; cardiogram
MI
myocardial infarction