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29 terms

Cardiovascular test

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Anemia
deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin
Aneurysm
abnormal widening of arterial wall
Angina pectoris
severe chest pain
Angioplasty
procedure in which occluded vessel is opened
Arteriosclerosis
loss of elasticity in blood vessels (hardening)
Atherosclerosis
build up of lipids in blood vessels
Bradycardia
slow heart rhythm
Cardiomyopathy
disease of the myocardium
Congestive heart failure
heart fails to pump enough blood
Electrocardiogram
graphic record of heart's action potentials
Embolus
moving blood clot
Edema
swelling
Fibrillation
valves are not opening and closing as they should
Gangrene
tissue decay due to lack of blood supply; may lead to death of tissue
Hemophilia
any blood clotting disorders
Hemorrhage
bleeding from a blood vessel
Hypotension
low blood pressure
hypertension
high blood pressure
ischemia
reduced flow of blood to tissue, resulting in impaired cell function
mitral stenosis
narrowing of bicuspid; increases resistance of blood flow
mononucleosis
contagious viral infection of blood; spread through saliva
pacemaker
artificial device to give electrical conduction to atria
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
rheumatic fever
inflammatory condition developing after bacterial infection; may cause valve/heart/kidney problems
shock
circulatory crisis marked by low blood pressure and inadequate peripheral blood flow
tachycardia
rapid heart rhythm
thrombocytopenia
abnormally low platelet count
thrombus
stationary blood clot
varicose veins
enlarged vein in which blood pools