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Chapter 22 The New Deal
Terms in this set (38)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
projects such as highways, parks, and libraries built with public funds for public use
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
FDR's wife. Traveled, spoke and wrote for new deal; reshaped First Lady's role. Also fought for civil rights
the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
A government payment that supports a business or market
Huey P. Long
Political leader from Louisiana who criticized the New Deal
Father Charles Coughlin
a critic of the New Deal; created the National Union for Social Justice; wanted a monetary inflation and the nationalization of the banking system
An United States President; his term was notably marked by the stock market crash of 1929 and the beginnings of the Great Depression.
An New Deal leader; headed up the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Works Progress Administration as well as served as a personal confidant to the President.
Secretary of Labor; helped to draw labor into the New Deal plans as well as helped to pass the Social Security Act.
Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation Insured individual bank deposits and ended a century-long tradition of unstable banking that had reached a crisis in the Great Depression.
Priming the Pump
An action taken to stimulate an economy, usually during a recessionary period and done through government spending as well as interest rate and tax reductions.
A regular payment made during a person's retirement from an investment fund to which that person or their employer has contributed during their working life.
A way of organizing a society in which major industries are owned and controlled by the government who in return, use those profits to benefit the citizens.
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.
Emergency Banking Act
Called for a four day mandatory shutdown of U.S. financial institutions in hopes of returning confidence and stability to the system; institutions were allowed to reopen once they were deemed financially sound.
Federal Emergency Relief Act
A government program created to provide work for employable people who were out of work; it provided grants to the state government for a variety of projects in fields such as agriculture, the arts, construction, and education.
Civilian Conservation Corps
A government program created by Congress to hire young, unemployed men to improve the rural environment with such work as planting trees, fighting fires, draining swamps, and maintaining national parks.
Civil Works Administration
A program created to rapidly create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers; workers were used to build parks, repair schools, construct athletic fields and swimming pools as well as getting artists and writers back to work in their fields.
Works Progress Administration
A program that was considered to be the largest relief program of the New Deal; workers were used to carry out projects including the construction of public building and roads and almost every community in the United States had a new park, bridge, or school constructed by this program.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
A program designed to raise agricultural prices by paying farmers not to farm; it was based on the assumption that higher prices would increase farmers' purchasing power and thereby help alleviate the Great Depression.
Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act
It restricted the ability of banks to repossess farms and delayed foreclosure of a property for five years during which the person could make rental payments and then buy back the property; this was ruled unconstitutional because it deprived creditors of their property rights.
Social Security Act
A flagship accomplishment of the New Deal; provided for unemployment and old-age insurance financed by a payroll tax on employers and employees.
Tennessee Valley Authority
One of the most revolutionary of the New Deal public works projects; it brought cheap electric power, full employment, low cost housing, and environmental improvements to Americans in poverty.
Dr. Francis Townsend
Medical doctor from Long Beach, California; promoted Townsend Plan ($200 month to all citizens over 60 + had to spend money within one month)
Second New Deal
A new set of programs and reforms launched by FDR in 1935
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955.
Work stoppage in which workers shut down all machines and refuse to leave a factory until their demands are met.
A deficiency or lack of something. An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
John Maynard Kaynes
British economist who published The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money. He argued that the market couldn't always adjust to its failures and the sometime the state had to stimulate it by increasing the money supply and creating jobs.
Group of African American leaders who served as unofficial advisers to FDR
Mary McLeod Bethune
an educator who dedicated herself to promoting opportunities for young African Americans
American photographer who recorded the Great Depression by taking pictures of the unemployed and rural poor.
One of the greatest concert singers of her time. First African-American to perform at the Whitehouse. The DAR refused her use of Constitution Hall for a concert, so Eleanor Roosevelt set her up to perform at the Lincoln Memorial.
a minimum price that an employer can pay a worker for an hour of labor
the person already holding an elective office