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advances in science led to different beliefs
attacks on the Church authority
glorification of reason
2 realms of Pope's teaching
"from the chair of St. Peter"
Pope locks it in as dogma - "he confirms his brother in faith"
occurs twice in history
Most Common Infallible Teaching
when the Magisterium definetivly proclaims a doctrine on faith or morals to be universally upheld
unites Italy as king
overtakes papal statres and tells Pope Pius IX he can reside in Vatican
most significant encyclical of Pope Leo XIII
communion, socialism wrong, capitalism w/ good morals right
Pope pius XII
WW2 - wrote no encycicals against Hitler in order to keep underground resistance (portecting Jews), and protect Christians
Pope John XXIII
supposed to be "transition pope"
"Good Pope John"
addresses issues of early 20th Century in Vatican II
Church response to the modern world
Convened by Pope John XXIII in 1962, closed by Pope Paul VI in 1965
16 key documents written
16 Documents of Vatican II
1. 4 Constitutions
2. 9 Decrees
3. 3 Declarations
Difference of the intended audience
1 of the 4 Documents
Light of Nations, on the Church
the Church is both visible and spiritual, Church is Mystical Body of Christ and hierarchically structured, all in Church have distinct but complimentary roles, holiness = universal vocation, Mary - model for Christian life
1 of the 4 Documents
The Word of God, on Divine Revelation
nature and relationship of Scripture and Tradition as the complimentary channels of divine revelation, they form a unity, teaching on proper interpretation
The Sacred Council, on Liturgical Worship
new rites were developed for the Church, norm for mass - vernacular, priest face congregation
Gaudium et Spes
Joy and Hope, on the Role of the Church in the modern world
quick offerings for the Church on many social, moral, and phillisophical issues
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