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Unit 6 Church History

Unit 6 Church History Test Material - Notes
Marian Apparitions
appearances of Mary
revealed to simple people
Guadalupe, Mexico
16th Century
St. Juan Diego
image of Mary on his shirt
Lourdes, France
19th Century
St. Bernadette
Mary introduces herself as the Immaculate Conception
Fatima, Portugal
20th Century
3 Children
messages of prayer, conversion, repentance
The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
advances in science led to different beliefs
attacks on the Church authority
glorification of reason
a charism, gift of the HS protecting from error
Vatican I
Vatican I
Pope Pius IX
20th EC
2 key documents
2 documents of Vatican I
faith and reason
modern social issues
addressing modern atheism
2 documents of Vatican I
papal infallibility
believed everything the Pope says is infallible
2 realms of Pope's teaching
ordinary teaching
papal encyclicals, letters, homilies, etc.
2 realms of Pope's teaching
"ex cathedra"
"from the chair of St. Peter"
Pope locks it in as dogma - "he confirms his brother in faith"
occurs twice in history
Most Common Infallible Teaching
when the Magisterium definetivly proclaims a doctrine on faith or morals to be universally upheld
Pope Pius IX declares the Immaculate Coneption
Pope Pius XII declares the Assumption of Mary
Vittorio Emanuelle unites Italy
Vittorio Emanuelle
unites Italy as king
overtakes papal statres and tells Pope Pius IX he can reside in Vatican
Pope Pius IX
resides in Vatican
"prisoner of teh Vatican"
prisoner of the Vatican
1st pope w/out the papal states
writes 87 encyclicals
Rerum Novarum
most significant encyclical of Pope Leo XIII
communion, socialism wrong, capitalism w/ good morals right
Mussolini signs Latera Treaty
Lateran Treaty
Mussolini and Pope Pius XI
declars Vatican as a sovereign nation
Pope Benedict XV
peace in WWI
Bl. Cardinal John Henry Newman
leading Anglican in England
becomes Catholic
Pope pius XII
WW2 - wrote no encycicals against Hitler in order to keep underground resistance (portecting Jews), and protect Christians
St. Maximilian Kolbe and St. Teresa Benedicta
both against Hitler, both killed during WW2
Pope John XXIII
supposed to be "transition pope"
"Good Pope John"
addresses issues of early 20th Century in Vatican II
Vatican II
Church response to the modern world
Convened by Pope John XXIII in 1962, closed by Pope Paul VI in 1965
16 key documents written
16 Documents of Vatican II
1. 4 Constitutions
2. 9 Decrees
3. 3 Declarations
Difference of the intended audience
Lumen Gentium
1 of the 4 Documents
Light of Nations, on the Church
the Church is both visible and spiritual, Church is Mystical Body of Christ and hierarchically structured, all in Church have distinct but complimentary roles, holiness = universal vocation, Mary - model for Christian life
Dei Verbum
1 of the 4 Documents
The Word of God, on Divine Revelation
nature and relationship of Scripture and Tradition as the complimentary channels of divine revelation, they form a unity, teaching on proper interpretation
Sacrosanctum Concilium
The Sacred Council, on Liturgical Worship
new rites were developed for the Church, norm for mass - vernacular, priest face congregation
Gaudium et Spes
Joy and Hope, on the Role of the Church in the modern world
quick offerings for the Church on many social, moral, and phillisophical issues
Korol Wojtyla
born in Poland in 1920
became Pope John Paul II in 1978