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The Expanding Nation(1765-1849)
Terms in this set (46)
Irish Potato Famine
Between 1845 and 1849, Ireland suffered from a famine that caused a mass influx of immigrants into the United States
The act of applying for and receiving American citizenship
Americna Republican party
Group that formed in New York in June of 1843. Their primary focus was against immigrant voters as well as those seeking office
Forts built in the Southwest by the Spanish
Santa Fe Trail
Trail that linked Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico in the mid 1800s.
Texas War for Independence
Successful revolt by the Texans against the Repulbic of Mexico between 1835-1836
Battle of the Alamo
Mexican troops successfully capture the Texan mission in San Antonio in 1836
To place under the control of the government instead of the Church
Leader of the Texan troops in the War for Independence from Mexico in 1836, he also served as the first President of Texas
Father Junipero Serra
Franciscan missionary who founded the first mission in San Diego in 1769
A religious order in both the catholic and Anglican faiths
A Mexican priest who is regarded as the founder in the Mexican War for Independence.
He led the first group of settlers in Texas in 1822
A mexican dictator who led the government and troops into war against the settlers of Texas
A lawyer who commanded the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo
A native of Kentucky, he served ad a leader in Texas fight for independence amd died in the Battle of the Alamo
Treaty of Cordoba
Document that granted Mexico independence from Spain in 1821
Augustine de Iturbide
Army officer that joined forced with other rebels in Mexico to secure a victory in their independence from Spain in 1821
Mexican Colonization Law
1824 legislation that consisted of incentives to lure settlers to Texas
Battle of Sanjacinto
Where the Texans captured Santa Anna and forced him to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence.
Treaties of Velasco
Two treaties signed in 1836 that were meant to make Mexico agree to recognize that Texas was independent
American fur traders in the 1800s who explored the Rocky Mountains and other territories farther west.
The idea that the United States would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Coast
To join or attach
A series of battles between the United States amd Mexico 1846-1848, with the United States declaring victory
Purchase made by the United States in 1853 of southwestern lands from Mexico.
Introduced in August 1846 to the House of Representatives as an effort to settle the dispute regarding slavery in newly acquired territories
California Gold Rush
The discovery of gold in California in 1848 led to a massive migration to the region.
A town that experienced rapid growth, especially during the California Gold Rush.
Towns that were abandoned due to economic inactivity; primarily seen during the California Gold Rush.
Convention of 1818
Signed in 1818 between the United States and Great Britian, it temporarily resolved the boundary issue between the two nations and allowed for the joint occupation of Oregon
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Agency created in 1824, which eventually fell under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior. The Bureau was responsible for educational as well as other services to Native Americans
Department of the Interior
created in 1849, grew into the largest and most important federal department other than the Post Office. comprised more than 20 agencies, including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the US Geological Survey and the Bureau of Territorial and International Affairs
A political from Pennsylvania who issued the Wilmot Proviso as an attempt to end the debate over slavery in newly acquired territories.
Founded the Mormon faith in 1830 in New York
Took over as leader of the Mormon Church after the death of Joseph Smith
Methodist missionary who established an outpost among the Chinook Indians in 1834
The oregon treaty
Signed in 1844 by both Britain and the United States, this document put an end to the boundary didpute regarding the territory
President Martin Van Buren
(1) The "Little Magician"
(2) accomplished strategist; experience in legislative + administrative life
(1) resentment from own party; had been forced through by Jackson
(2) couldn't live up to Jackson's military command
(3) inherited Jackson's numerous enemies
(4) Rebellion in Canada 1837; remain neutral
(5) prospective annexation of Texas
(6) economic panic left by Jackson
General Stephen Kearny
United States Army officer known for his service in the Mexican-American War, primarily for securing California
General Winfield Scott
United States Army general who served during the Mexican-American War. It was during this time that he served as rhe military governor of
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
A treaty signed in 1848 by the United States and Mexico that ended the war between the two countries
Tenth President of the United States, he served from 1841-1845
James K. Polk
Eleventh President of the United States, he served from 1845-1849. He led expansion of the United States to the Southwest through the war against Mexico.
William B. Ide
Led settler to launch an attack in the town of Sonoma in 1846.
Sent to Mexico by president Polk pruor to tge war to negotiate a deal with the Mexican government.
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